World Trade Organisation (WTO) trade remedies (antidumping, anti-subsidy and safeguard agreements) are instruments used by WTO members to counter the economic injury caused by dumping, subsidies and the sudden and unforeseen increased imports. They are exceptions to the WTO principle of free trade and to the prohibition for States to react unilaterally to protect their own rights and interests, and as a result they have been accused by some as being the new tools of protectionism.
This book analyses of the role and principles of WTO trade remedies in international law. In particular, it focuses on their aims, their structure, and their position within the WTO and more in general, the international legal system. The book considers trade remedies in light of fragmentation theories of international law and addresses the question how, and to what extent WTO law reflects and influences public international law.
Table of Contents
Table of Cases
1. Unilateral Reactions within the Multilateral WTO Context: the Case of WTO Trade Remedies
1.2. Limiting Unilateralism in International Relations: from Coexistence through
Cooperation towards a Global Community
1.3. The Evolving Idea of Cooperation in the International Economic Context
1.4. The WTO and the Financial Crisis
1.5. Ubi Societas Ibi Ius: the Role of International Economic Law in the
1.6. Dispute Settlement Systems and Unilateral Reactions
2. The Relationship between Public International Law and WTO Law
2.1. WTO Law and Public International Law
2.2. The Applicability of Public International Law in the WTO Context
2.3. The Risk of Fragmentation of Public International Law
2.4. The Reciprocal Influence of WTO Law and Public International Law
2.5. The Concept of Self-Help in Public International Law
2.6. The Place and Role of WTO Trade Remedies: Particular Forms of Self-Help
or Sui Generis Measures?
2.7. Self-Help Measures and WTO Trade Remedies
2.8. A Delegation of Powers by the WTO Legal System to the Member States
2.9. Judicial Control over the Correct Use of Trade Remedies
3. Trade Remedies in WTO and Public International Law
3.1. Political and Economic Rationale of Trade Remedies
3.2. A Brief History of Trade Remedies Negotiations
3.2.1 Antidumping Measures
3.2.2. Safeguard Measures
3.2.3. Countervailing Measures
3.3. The Structure of Trade Remedies
3.3.1. The Act
188.8.131.52. Increased Imports
3.3.2. Injury and the Injured State
3.4. Trade Remedies Principles
3.4.3. Reversibility and Temporary Limits
3.4.4. Consultation before Adoption
3.4.6. Pre-emptive Use of Trade Remedies
184.108.40.206. Proportionality in the WTO Context
The growing integration of the world economy and resulting increases in cross-border economic exchanges has been accompanied by the rapid growth of law and regulation governing these interactions. This series presents cutting-edge research in international economic law, offering fresh perspectives on what is a fast developing field.
The series surveys the key areas of international economic law: international trade law; international investment law; international financial regulation and monetary law; and related aspects of intellectual property law. Linkages with other international legal regimes are explored such as environmental law, human rights, and public health, highlighting areas where tensions may occur between economic liberalisation, sovereignty and other concerns. Books will investigate the theory, policy and practice of international economic law from a broad range of approaches allowing for innovative and scholarly assessments of the international economic legal order.