1st Edition

War, Peace and International Order? The Legacies of the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907

    240 Pages
    by Routledge

    240 Pages
    by Routledge

    The exact legacies of the two Hague Peace Conferences remain unclear. On the one hand, diplomatic and military historians, who cast their gaze to 1914, traditionally dismiss the events of 1899 and 1907 as insignificant footnotes on the path to the First World War. On the other, experts in international law posit that The Hague’s foremost legacy lies in the manner in which the conferences progressed the law of war and the concept and application of international justice.

    This volume brings together some of the latest scholarship on the legacies of the Hague Peace Conferences in a comprehensive volume, drawing together an international team of contributors. 

    Introduction: Unbridled Promise? The Hague’s Peace Conferences and Their Legacies

    Maartje Abbenhuis

    1 Justifying International Action: International Law, The Hague and Diplomacy Before 1914

    William Mulligan

    2 Peace Through Law: The Hague Peace Conferences and the Rise of the Ius Contra Bellum

    Randall Lesaffer

    3 Muddied Waters: The Influence of the First Hague Conference on the Evolution of the Geneva Conventions of 1864 and 1906

    Neville Wylie

    4 Reconsidering Disarmament at the Hague Peace Conference of 1899, and After

    Andrew Webster

    5 More than Just a Taboo: The Legacy of the Chemical Warfare Prohibitions of the 1899 and 1907 Hague Conferences

    M. Girard Dorsey

    6 Sub Silentio: The Sexual Assault of Women in International Law

    Sarah Gendron

    7 The Duel of Honour and the Origins of the Rules for Arms, Warfare and Arbitration in the Hague Conferences

    Robert A. Nye

    8 Writing for Peace: Reconsidering the British Public Peace Petitioning Movement’s Historical Legacies After 1898

    Annalise R. Higgins

    9 The Hague as a Framework for British and American Newspapers’ Public Presentations of the First World War

    Thomas Munro

    10 Norway’s Legalistic Approach to Peace in the Aftermath of the First World War

    Marta Stachurska-Kounta

    11 Against the Hague Conventions: Promoting New Rules for Neutrality in the Cold War

    Wolfgang Mueller

    12 The Neutrals and Spanish Neutrality: A Legal Approach to International Peace in Constitutional Texts

    Yolanda Gamarra


    Maartje Abbenhuis is Associate Professor in Modern European History at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.

    Christopher Ernest Barber is a PhD candidate in International History at the University of Auckland.

    Annalise R. Higgins is a recent graduate of the University of Auckland and a PhD candidate in World History at the University of Cambridge.