J.K. Evans’ pioneering work explores the profound changes in the social, economic and legal condition of Roman women, which, it is argued, were necessary consequences of two centuries of near-continuous warfare as Rome expanded from city-state to empire. Bridging the gap that has isolated the specialised studies of Roman women and children from the more traditional political and social concerns of historians, J.K. Evans’ investigation ranges from Cicero’s wife Terentia to the anonymous spouse of the peasant-soldier Ligustinus, charting the severe erosion of the very institutions that kept women and children in thrall.
War, Women and Children in Ancient Rome will be interest not only to classicists and historians of antiquity but also to sociologists and anthropologists, while it will similarly prove an indispensable reference work for historians of women and the family.
Table of Contents
Preface and acknowledgement; List of Plates; Abbreviations; Part I: Introduction; Part II: 1. The early Republic 2. The emancipation of Roman women 3. Competing explanations; Part III: War and the Women of Property 1. Legend and reality 2. Dowry: A vehicle for conspicuous consumption 3. Inheritance 4. Women of wealth in the late Republic; Part IV: War and Working Women 1. The plebs rustica 2. The plebs urbana 3. Findings; Part V: Parent and Child 1. The enigma of Roman childhood 2. Modern insights Patria potestas, maternal auctoritas 3. Slavery and surrogate parenting; Appendices: i) Roman crafts and tradeswomen ii) Professional women