This book provides a critical overview of the occurrence of war in the international system, by examining the concept from multiple perspectives and theoretical backgrounds.
War is an essential concept in international affairs, if for no other reason than because prevention of war requires a deep understanding of it as a concept. This book seeks to examine the continued occurrence of war in international relations, despite the emergence of arguments concerning its obsolescence. It provides a new cognitive framework by which to understand war as a phenomenon, which can be applied to real-world scenarios and policy issues, making use of case studies predominantly from China and Japan. Theoretically, the book is primarily based on a structural realist framework but adopts a significant constructivist component through the emphasis on identity and reputation in the international system. The volume offers a nuanced yet holistic approach to the theory of war and seeks to engage critically with the major theoretical approaches, pointing out the major criticisms of these ideas and how the theories correlate.
This book will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, foreign policy and International Relations.
Table of Contents
Part I: The Nature of War
2. The Definition of War
3. War, Identity and Culture
4. War, International Law and Morality
Part I Conclusion: War and International Relations
Part II: War Doesn’t Work
5. The Self-Defeating Nature of War
6. Better Tools Available
7. Paradigm Shifts
Part II Conclusion: The Obsolescence of War
Part III: Reasons for Going to War
8. Systemic Explanations
9. National Characteristics
10. Practical Considerations
Part III Conclusion: The Reason We Fight
Part IV: The Rational Decision to go to War
11. Rational Choice Modelling for War
12. The Feasibility of War
13. The Costs, Benefits and Risks of War
14. Foreign Policy Alternatives to War and Making the Choice to Go to War
Part IV Conclusion: A Tragic but Necessary Evil
15. ‘A’ Peace versus ‘Our’ Peace
Balazs Szanto is a Lecturer at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.