War in the Iberian Peninsula, 700–1600: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

War in the Iberian Peninsula, 700–1600

1st Edition

Edited by Francisco García Fitz, João Gouveia Monteiro

Routledge

330 pages | 93 B/W Illus.

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Description

War in the Iberian Peninsula, 700–1600 is a panoramic synthesis of the Iberian Peninsula including the kingdoms of Leon and Castile, Aragon, Portugal, Navarra, al-Andalus and Granada. It offers an extensive chronology, covering the entire medieval period and extending through to the sixteenth century, allowing for a very broad perspective of Iberian history which displays the fixed and variable aspects of war over time.

The book is divided kingdom by kingdom to provide students and academics with a better understanding of the military interconnections across medieval and early modern Iberia.

The continuities and transformations within Iberian military history are showcased in the majority of chapters through markers to different periods and phases, particularly between the Early and High Middle Ages, and the Late Middle Ages.

With a global outlook, coverage of all the most representative military campaigns, sieges and battles between 700 and 1600, and a wide selection of maps and images, War in the Iberian Peninsula is ideal for students and academics of military and Iberian history.

Reviews

'Never has the complicated medieval military history of the Iberian Peninsula been told so well. Nor could it have been accomplished without the talents of so many skilled Iberian military historians as those brought together in this book. This is now the seminal work for anyone seeking to study or research the Iberian military history of the Middle Ages, or to understand the Spanish and Portuguese conquests of the sixteenth century.'

Kelly Devries, Loyola University Maryland, USA

Table of Contents

PREFACE (Francisco García Fitz and João Gouveia Monteiro)

Chapter 1 - AL-ANDALUS (Javier Albarrán)

Political Outline

The conquest of al-Andalus and the first steps

The Umayyad Emirate of Cordova

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordova

The Taifa Kingdoms

The Almoravids

The Almohads

Recruitment system and composition of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment methods

Composition of the armies

Umayyad Period

Taifa Kingdoms

Almoravids

Almohads

Chain of Command

Military operations

Attrition warfare

Siege Warfare

Pitched Battles

Logistics, supplies and funding

Armament

Fortifications

Naval warfare

Ideology of war

Main campaigns

The campaign of Muez

The battle(s) of Simancas and al-Khandaq

Almanzor and the Santiago Compostela campaign

Barbastro's sieges

Bibliography

Chapter 2 – GRANADA (Javier Albarrán)

Political outline

Recruitment system and composition of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment methods

Composition of the armies

Chain of Command

Military operations

Attrition warfare

Siege Warfare

Pitched Battles

Logistics, supplies and funding

Armament

Fortifications

Naval warfare

Ideology of war

Main campaigns

The battle of Higueruela

Bibliography

Chapter 3 - CASTILE-LEON

I - Early and High Middle Ages (eighth - thirteenth centuries) (Francisco García Fitz)

Political outline

Recruitment system and composition of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment methods

Composition of the armies

Personal guard of monarchs

Military Order troops (Carlos de Ayala Martínez)

Noble militias

Urban militias

Castle garrisons and tenancies

Chain of Command

Military operations (Martín Alvira Cabrer)

Attrition warfare

Siege Warfare

Pitched Battles

Logistics, supplies and funding

Armament

Fortifications

Naval warfare

Ideology of war

Main campaigns

First Battles: Covadonga (718 or 722)

Conquest of Toledo (1085)

Battle of Zalaca (1086)

El Cid: Conquest of Valencia (1094)

Conquest of Almeria (1147)

The great battles: Alarcos (1195) and Las Navas de Tolosa (1212)

The conquest of Seville (1248)

II - Late Middle Ages (Fourteenth - Fifteenth centuries) (Fernando Arias Guillén)

Political outline

Recruitment system and composition of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment methods

Composition of the Armies

Personal guard of monarchs

Military Order troops

Noble militias

Urban militias

Castle garrisons and tenancies

Chain of Command

Military operations

Attrition warfare

Siege Warfare

Pitched battles

Logistics, supplies and funding

Armament

Fortifications

Naval warfare

Ideology of war

Main campaigns

The Castilian Civil War (1366-1369)

The Castilian War of Succession (1474-1479)

Wars against other Christian kingdoms

The war against Granada

Bibliography

Chapter 4 - CROWN OF ARAGON (Mario Lafuente Gómez)

I - Early and High Middle Ages: Feudal Conquest and Colonization (tenth- thirteenth centuries)

Political outline

Recruitment system and composition of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment methods

Composition of the armies

Personal guards of monarchs

Noble militias

Urban militias

Military Order troops

Castle garrisons and tenancies

Chains of Command

Military Operations

Cavalry raids

Siege Warfare

Pitched Battles

Logistics and finance

Armament

Fortifications

Naval warfare

Ideology of war

Main campaigns

Crusade of Barbastro (1064)

The conquest of Zaragoza by Alfonso I (1118)

The battle of Muret (1213)

The conquest of Majorca by Jaime I (1229)

The conquest of Valencia by Jaime I (1238-1274)

The first Union (1283-1301)

II. Late Middle Ages: Peninsular and Mediterranean Conflicts (fourteenth - fifteenth centuries)

Political outline

Recruitment system and composition of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment methods

Composition of the Armies

Personal guards of monarchs

Noble militias

Urban militias

Military Order troops

Castle garrisons and tenancies

Chains of command

Military Operations

Cavalry raids

Siege Warfare

Pitched Battles

Logistics and finance

Armament

Fortifications

Naval warfare

Ideology of war

Main campaigns

Mediterranean wars

Dispute over Sicily (1282-1301)

The conquest of Sardinia (1323-1324)

The first conquest of the kingdom of Naples (1442)

The second conquest of the kingdom of Naples (1504)

Peninsular conflicts

The War of the Strait: the campaign against Almeria (1309)

The war of the Two Pedros against Castile (1356-1366)

Civil wars

The second Union (1347-1348)

The Catalonian civil war (1462-1472)

Bibliography

Chapter 5 - THE KINGDOM OF NAVARRE (Jon Andoni Fernández de Larrea Rojas)

I. The Early Middle Ages

Political and military outline

Recruitment and organization of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment

Composition of the armies

Personal guard of monarchs

Noble militias

Castle garrisons and tenancies

Chain of command

Military operations

Chevauchées

Siege Warfare

Pitched Battles

Armament

Fortifications

II . The High Middle Ages

Political and military outline

Recruitment and organization of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment

Composition of the armies

Personal guard of monarchs

Noble militias

Urban militias

Castle garrisons and tenancies

Chain of command

Parias and mercenaries

Military operations

Armament

Fortifications

III. The Late Middle Ages

Political and military outline

Recruitment and organization of the armies

Military obligations and recruitment methods

Composition of the Armies

Castle garrisons and tenancies

Chain of Command

Military operations

Logistics

Armament

Fortifications

Cultural aspects

Main campaigns: Selection of a representative campaign

Bibliography

Chapter 6 - PORTUGAL

I – Early and High Middle Ages, 1096-1249 (José Varandas)

Political and military outline

Portugal: from Earldom to Kingdom (1096-1239)

Portuguese Offensive: from the Mondego to the Tagus River (1131-1147)

The conquest of Lisbon (1147)

The Conquest Between the rivers Tagus and Guadiana (1147-1239)

The civil war (1245-1248)

Recruitment and configuration of military service

The host of war

II - The Late Middle Ages

1249-1367: A time of reforms and royal consolidation (Miguel Gomes Martins)

Afonso III and Dinis: mobilizing the nobility

Weapons, local militias and the fleet

From the 1296 intervention in Castile to the 1319-1324 Civil War

Portugal and Castile between the 1336-1338 War and the 1340 Alliance

The Crown and the Military Orders

1367-1495: A time of transition (João Gouveia Monteiro)

Political context

The evolution of the army

Arms and armour

Fortifications

The conduct of war

Naval warfare

Main campaigns

Siege of Lisbon (1384)

Aljubarrota (1385)

Ceuta (1415)

III - The Sixteenth Century (1495-1600)

A - The War on Land (Luís Costa e Sousa)

Political outline

Fortifications and siege operations

Logistics and recruitment

Theory and practice of war

Ethiopia, 1541-43

Alcácer Quibir (4 August 1578)

B - Naval War (Vitor Luís Gaspar Rodrigues)

Political outline

The supremacy of Portuguese sea power in the Indian Ocean: a technological and tactical revolution

Diu: control of the Indian Ocean

Expansion and strengthening of the empire: repercussions on its naval structure

Naval organisation in the Atlantic

The collapse of the Portuguese navy

Bibliography

 

Chapter 7 - THE SPANISH IMPERIAL WARS OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY (Antonio José Rodríguez Hernández)

Politics and conflicts

Changes in the army

The consolidation of a permanent army

Structures and chains of command: the tercios

Recruitment

The militias

The Indian host

The defensive system and its logic: presidios and armies

Military operations

Battles and actions in the open field

Fortifications and siege warfare

Armament

The pikemen

Firearms

The cavalry

The navy

Bibliography

Glossary

Index

About the Editors

Francisco García Fitz is Professor at the University of Extremadura, Spain. Expert in Medieval History, his research has addressed the military history and more specifically the policies and warlike relations between Christians and Muslims in medieval Spain.

João Gouveia Monteiro is Professor at the University of Coimbra,Portugal. His research has focused mainly on the military history of Portugal and Europe in the Middle Ages.

About the Series

Themes in Medieval and Early Modern History

This is a brand new series which straddles both medieval and early modern worlds, encouraging readers to examine historical change over time as well as promoting understanding of the historical continuity between events in the past, and to challenge perceptions of periodisation. It aims to meet the demand for conceptual or thematic topics which cross a relatively wide chronological span (any period between c. 500-1750), including a broad geographical scope. For more information about the series and the proposal process, please contact the series editor at Natasha.Hodgson@ntu.ac.uk

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS027000
HISTORY / Military / General
HIS037010
HISTORY / Medieval
HIS037040
HISTORY / Modern / 17th Century
HIS037090
HISTORY / Modern / 16th Century
HIS045000
HISTORY / Europe / Spain & Portugal