This book examines how the economic performance of immigrants is shaped by national and urban social institutions. In the United States, particularly in the high-immigration cities, most immigrant-origin groups have significantly lower earnings than do their counterparts in Canadian or Australian cities. Immigration policy is not a factor, however; in fact U.S. immigrants?in particular origin groups?are not less skilled. American institutions, including education, labor market structures, and social welfare, all reflect greater individualism and all contribute to the potential for inequality. Resulting higher poverty rates for America's immigrants explains their more extensive use of its weaker welfare system. Jeffrey Reitz's social institutional approach projects the impact of institutional restructuring?past and future?on the economic performance of immigrants in these countries.
Explaining Immigrants’ Economic Success in Different Destinations -- Social Causes of the Economic Success of Immigrants -- Immigrant Entry-Level Status in Different Nations and Cities -- Four Institutional Areas Affecting the Terms of Immigrant Entry -- The Skill Selectivity of Immigration Policy -- Education and the Accumulation of Credentials by the Native Born -- Labor Market Segments and Earnings Disparities -- The Welfare State -- Conclusions and Policy Issues -- Compounding Institutional Forces that Shape Immigrant Economic Success -- Policies for Migration in a Global Economy