Waste-to-Energy Technologies and Global Applications: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Waste-to-Energy Technologies and Global Applications

1st Edition

By Efstratios N. Kalogirou

CRC Press

244 pages | 13 Color Illus. | 142 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138035201
pub: 2017-08-10
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Through Waste-to-Energy (WtE) technology, plants use waste as a renewable fuel to co-produce electricity, heating, and cooling for urban utilization. This professional book presents the latest developments in WtE technologies and their global applications. The first part of the book covers thermal treatment technologies, including combustion, novel gasification, plasma gasification, and pyrolysis. It then examines 35 real-world WtE case studies from around the world, analyzing technical information behind planning, execution, goals, and national strategies. Results through the years show the benefits of the technology through the life cycle of the products. The book also examines financial and environmental aspects.


"The mix of technical data, legislation issues, technological know-how and environmental aspects with existing WtE Plants is unique and was not performed till now. This book gives an excellent overview about the state-of-the-art of WtE Plants around the world, including facts and numbers which are often difficult to find because not collected in one single book. This lack of reliable, existing technical data well collected and explained is now closed with this excellent book."

—Sergio Escudero, Hitachi Zosen Inova AG, Zürich, Switzerland

"The different case studies shown in this book are a very good introduction of the variety of national and local situations. They lead to different answers to this worldwide problem of municipal waste treatment in the frame of circular economy and energy transition."

— Christophe Cord’Homme, CNIM Group, Paris, France

"…a comprehensive overview on relevant aspects around WtE and could, if the content keeps what is announced in the overview, be a useful tool for all those interested in sustainable waste management and the role WtE can play there."

— Ella Stengler, Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants, Brussels, Belgium

Table of Contents


1.1 General

1.2 Advancing Sustainable Wate Management Worldwide

1.3 Thermal Treatment Technologies Used Globally

1.4 Materials That Can Be Processed by Grate Combustion

1.5 Grate Combustion and Gasification Technologies in Japan

1.6 The Earth Engineering Center and the Global WtERT Council (GWC)

1.7 Mission of the WrERT Council

1.8 Waste-to-Energy Role in Advancing Sustainable Waste Management

1.9 References

2 Legislation

2.1 Waste-to-Energy's Role in EU Energy Policy and Circular Economy

2.2 Emission Levels in Waste-to-Energy Flue Gases

2.3 Waste-to-Energy as an Integral Part of the Sustainable Waste Management Worldwide

2.4 Waste-to-Energy Technology as a Renewable Energy Source

2.5 References

3 Waste-to-Energy Technologies

3.1 Combustion


3.1.2Plant layout


3.1.4Combustion Chamber


3.1.6Steam turbine – Condenser

3.1.7Tele-heating – Electrical System

3.1.8Bottom Ash

3.1.9APC – Fly Ash


3.1.11Results – R1


3.2 Alternative thermal treatment technologies



3.2.3Gasification and Plasma Gasification

3.2.4The JFE Direct Melting Process

3.2.5The Energos Grate Combustion and Gasification Process

3.2.6The Ebara Fluidized Bed Process

3.2.7The Thermoselect Gasification and Melting Process

3.2.8Plasma-Assisted Gasification WtE Processes

3.2.9Application of Various WtE Processes in Japan

3.2.10Technical Visit in an Alternative WtE Process Plant


4 Waste-to-Energy in Europe

4.1 Spain

4.1.1TERSA WtE Plant in Barcelona

4.1.2The Mataro WtE Plant (Maresme Integrated Waste Management Center)

4.2 Italy

4.2.1Torino WtE Plant

4.2.2Piacenza WtE Plant

4.2.3Brescia WtE Plant

4.2.4Naples ACERRA WtE Plant

4.3 Poland

4.3.1Poznan WtE Plant

4.4 Norway

4.4.1The Klemetsrud Plant, Oslo

4.5 Denmark

4.5.1Kara / Noveren WtE Plant

4.6 Portugal

4.6.1Lipor Integrated Waste Management System

4.6.2Valorsul Waste-to-Energy Plant

4.7 France

4.7.1Oreade – La Havre


4.8 Germany

4.8.1MVB Waste-to-Energy Plants and AVG Hazardous Waste-to-Energy Plant, Hamburg

4.9 Austria

4.9.1Arnoldstein WtE Plant

4.9.2Spittelau WtE Plant

4.10 Finland

4.10.1Vaasa Westenergy WtE Plant

4.11 United Kingdom

4.11.1Isle of Man WtE Plant

4.12 Ireland

4.12.1Meath WtE Plant

4.13 Belgium

4.13.1ISVAG WtE Plant

4.14 Russia

4.14.1EVN Waste-to-Energy Plant

4.15 The Netherlands

4.15.1Alkmaar WtE Plant

4.16 References

5 Waste-to-Energy in the Americas

5.1 United States of America

5.1.1New Jersey – Union County

5.1.2West Palm Beach, Florida

5.2 Canada

5.2.1Durham York Energy Center (DYEC)

5.3 Brazil

5.4 Cuba

5.4.1Special Conference Events in Cuba

5.4.2Technical Visit

5.5 References

6 Waste-to-Energy in Asia

6.1 China

6.1.1Suzhou Everbright State Venus Industry Demonstration Park in Suzhou City

6.1.2Gao-An-Tun WtE Plant in Beijing

6.1.3Shanghai Pucheng Thermal Power Energy Co., Ltd, Pudong Yuqiao Waste to Energy Plant

6.1.4Chongqing Sanfeng Covanta Waste-to-Energy Plant

6.2 Azerbaijan

6.2.1Baku Waste-to-Energy

6.3 India

6.3.1Jabalpur WtE Plant

6.4 Indonesia

6.5 References

7 Waste-toEnergy in Africa

7.1 Ethiopia

7.1.1Joint European and African Research and Innovation Agenda – Addis Ababa Meeting

7.1.2Joint European and African Research and Innovation Agenda – Brussels Meeting

7.1.3The KOSHE WtE Project, at Reppie, Addis Ababa

7.2 References

8 Environmental Impact of Waste-to-Energy

8.1 Air Pollution


8.1.2PCDD/Fs, Dioxins


8.1.4Contribution of the Emissions of WtE to Air Pollution


8.2 Residues

8.2.1Bottom Ash

8.2.2Treatment Technology

8.3 Rnvironmental Comparison of WtE With Landfill and Recycling

8.4 conclusions

8.5 references

9 Waste-to-Energy Investement Evaluation (WtE Tool)

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Financial Model


9.2.2Operational Expenses (OPEX)

9.2.3Capital Expense (CAPEX)

9.2.4Project Valuation

9.3 Types of Contracts – Financing

9.4 Waste-to-Energy Tool

9.5 References

About the Author

Dr. Efstratios Kalogirou is the co-founder and first Chair of Waste to Energy Research & Technology Council/WTERT Greece (Synergia, www.wtert.gr) and also the first Vice-Chair of Global WTERT Council, headquartered in the Earth Engineering Center of Columbia University (www.wtert.org). He is a permanent member of the ISWA Working Group on Energy Recovery (ISWA-WGER, www.iswa.org). He graduated from the Department of Chemical Engineering at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece and has a Ph.D. from the National Technical University of Athens, School of Chemical Engineering. He is an international expert on waste management, specialized in state-of-the-art waste to energy (WTE) novel technologies. His major scientific fields are energy from waste, potable water resources, and ozone sterilization technologies. He is involved in many environmental projects worldwide (especially in WTE feasibility studies, preliminary studies, etc.). He is author of many scientific and technical papers, especially in WTE, and coordinates worldwide intensive courses/seminars on advancing state-of-the-art sustainable waste management and WTE as a renewable energy source contributing to green development and carbon credits, in close cooperation with policy/decision makers, local governmental authorities, and local industry and universities.

Email : ozone.greece@gmail.com

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Pollution Control