Wastewater and Public Health
Bacterial and Pharmaceutical Exposures
This compendium volume is an indispensable source of information on the ways in which wastewater can impact public health. The editor, a well-respected expert in his field, has collected the most recent and pertinent investigations into this serious issue.
Included are studies involving:
• The presence of various human enteric viruses in wastewater, which reach the public through drinking and daily use water, agriculture, and through fishing waters
• Antibiotic resistance produced by genetic changes in wastewater bacterial communities, affecting both human and animal health
• The presence of antidepressants in water consumed by the public
• Possible methods of treatment for removing bacteria and pharmaceuticals from wastewater
This threat to public health calls urgently for the development of new treatment technologies. The research in this volume provides state-of-the-art information about recent advances in wastewater treatment and it points the way toward future productive research. Civil engineers, graduate-level research students, and scientific research labs will all find valuable information.
Table of Contents
Part I: Disease Exposure
Inadequately Treated Wastewater as a Source of Human Enteric Viruses in the Environment; Anthony I. Okoh, Thulani Sibanda, and Siyabulela S. Gusha
Prevalence and Characterisation of Non-Cholerae Vibrio spp. in Final Effluents of Wastewater Treatment Facilities in Two Districts of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: Implications for Public Health; Anthony I. Okoh, Timothy Sibanda, Vuyokazi Nongogo, Martins Adefisoye, Osuolale O. Olayemi, and Nolonwabo Nontongana
Performance of the Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant for Removal of Listeria monocytogenes; Nahid Navidjouy, Mohammad Jalali, Hossein Movahedian Attar, and Hajar Aghili
Part II: Antibiotic Resistance
Antibiotic Resistance and Prevalence of Class 1 and 2 Integrons in Escherichia coli Isolated from Two Wastewater Treatment Plants, and Their Receiving Waters (Gulf of Gdansk, Baltic Sea, Poland); Ewa Kotlarska, Aneta Luczkiewicz, Marta Pisowacka, and Artur Burzynski
Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Bacterial Community Composition in a River Influenced by a Wastewater Treatment Plant; Elisabet Marti, Juan Jofre, and Jose Luis Balcazar
Impact of Treated Wastewater Irrigation on Antibiotic Resistance in the Soil Microbiome; Joao Gatica and Eddie Cytryn
Metagenomic Profiling of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Mobile Genetic Elements in a Tannery Wastewater Treatment Plant; Zhu Wang, Xu-Xiang Zhang, Kailong Huang, Yu Miao, Peng Shi, Bo Liu, Chao Long, and Aimin Li
A Comprehensive Insight into Tetracycline Resistant Bacteria and Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Activated Sludge Using Next-Generation Sequencing; Huang K., Tang J., Zhang X. X., Xu K., and Ren H.
Detection of 140 Clinically Relevant Antibiotic-Resistance Genes in the Plasmid Metagenome of Wastewater Treatment Plant Bacteria Showing Reduced Susceptibility to Selected Antibiotics; Rafael Szczepanowski, Burkhard Linke, Irene Krahn, Karl-Heinz Gartemann, Tim Gützkow, Wolfgang Eichler, Alfred Pühler, and Andreas Schlüter
Part III: Pharmaceutical and Hormone Exposure
Simultaneous Determination of 24 Antidepressant Drugs and Their Metabolites in Wastewater by Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry; Ling-Hui Sheng, Hong-Rui Chen, Ying-Bin Huo, Jing Wang, Yu Zhang, Min Yang, and Hong-Xun Zhang
Removal and Transformation of Pharmaceuticals in Wastewater Treatment Plants and Constructed Wetlands; E. Lee, S. Lee, J. Park, Y. Kim, and J. Cho
An Assessment of the Concentrations of Pharmaceutical Compounds in Wastewater Treatment Plants on the Island of Gran Canaria (Spain); Rayco Guedes-Alonso, Cristina Afonso-Olivares, Sarah Montesdeoca-Esponda, Zoraida Sosa-Ferrera, and José Juan Santana-Rodríguez
Professor Victor Monsalvo is an environmental scientist with a PhD in chemical engineering from the University Autonoma de Madrid, where he later became a professor in the chemical engineering department. As a researcher, he has worked with the following universities: Leeds, Cranfield, Sydney, and Aachen. He is part of an active research team working in areas of environmental technologies, water recycling, and advanced biological systems, including membrane bioreactors. He has led eight research projects with private companies and an R&D national project, coauthored two patents (national and international), and written around fifty journal and referred conference papers. He has given two keynotes in international conferences and has been a member of the organizing committee of five national and international conferences, workshops, and summer schools, and is currently involved in fifteen research projects sponsored by various entities. He is currently working as senior researcher in the Chemical Processes Department at Abengoa Research.