The water hyacinth is a disruptive factor in aquatic ecosystem management and ecosystem services, and causes problems in fisheries, transportation waterways, irrigation, hydropower generation, and water resources. To address these concerns, it is necessary to integrate past studies with current research and innovations to identify where the knowledge gap is and to creatively assess and solve the problems in a global context. This book provides comprehensive coverage of new research and technological innovations for the application of controlling, managing, harvesting, postharvest processing and utilizing the water hyacinth.
Introduction. Biology of water hyacinth. Direct and strong influence of water hyacinth on aquatic communities in natural waters. Impacts of water hyacinth on ecosystem services. Mechanisms and implications of nitrogen removal. Mechanism and implications of phosphorus removal. Impact of water hyacinth on removal of heavy metals and organic pollutants. Ecological engineering using water hyacinth in phytoremediation. Impact of water hyacinth on aquatic environment in phytoremediation of eutrophic lakes. Utilization of biomass for energy and fertilizer. Utilization of water hyacinth biomass for animal feed. Economic assessment and further research.