Spain is facing an increasingly difficult situation in terms of water stress. This is an issue that is due mostly to poor management practices in all sectors. Large amounts of water have been used for agricultural purposes at very low prices for too long; there is an uncontrolled use of most aquifers in rural areas which result from ineffective control by the public administration; per capita consumption continues increasing as well as water used for industrial and energy generation, the construction and tourism sectors and for recreation activities. In fact, they have all exerted additional pressure on available water resources. In order to face the above challenges, water policy has made a gradual shift towards more rational and sustainable management of water resources. This has also been influenced by the European Water Framework Directive about which, as the book discusses, there are both myths and misunderstandings.
This book analyses the very complex position of all sectors in the country, the alternatives available and the challenges ahead. In so doing, it makes an important contribution to the literature on water resources management.
This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources Development.
Foreword 1. Introduction: Water Policy and Management in Spain: 2. The Challenges of Implementing the Water Framework Directive in Spain3. The European Water Framework Directive: A Framework? 4. Who Manages Spain’s Water Resources? The Political and Administrative Division of Water Management 5. Assessment of the Draft Hydrological Basin Plan of the Guadalquivir River Basin (Spain) 6. Irrigated Agriculture in Spain: Diagnosis and Prescriptions for Improved Governance 7. Assessment of Nonpoint Pollution Instruments: The Case of Spanish Agriculture 8. Urban Water Service Policies and Management in Spain: Pending Issues 9. Is the Pricing of Urban Water Services Justifiably Perceived as Unequal among Spanish Cities? 10. Tariffs for Urban Water Services in Spain: Household Size and Equity 11. Groundwater: The Invisible Resource 12. Evaluation of Spain’s Water-Energy Nexus 13. Desalination in Spain: A Growing Alternative for Water Supply
Most of the world’s water problems, and their solutions, are directly related to policies and governance, both specific to water and in general. Two of the world’s leading journals in this area, the International Journal of Water Resources Development (sponsored by the Third World Centre for Water Management, Mexico) and Water International (the official journal of the International Water Resources Association), contribute to this special issues series, aimed at disseminating new knowledge on the policy and governance of water resources to a very broad and diverse readership all over the world. The series should be of direct interest to all policy makers, professionals and lay readers concerned with obtaining the latest perspectives on addressing the world’s many water issues.