This cluster of four books presents innovative and nuanced knowledge on water resources, based on detailed case studies from South Asia—India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In providing comprehensive analyses of the existing economic, demographic and ideological contexts in which water policies are framed and implemented, the volumes argue for alternative, informed and integrated approaches towards efficient management and equitable distribution of water. These also explore the globalization of water governance in the region, particularly in relation to new paradigms of neoliberalism, civil society participation, integrated water resource management (IWRM), public–private partnerships, privatization, and gender mainstreaming.
These volumes will be indispensable for scholars and students of development studies, environmental studies, natural resource management, governance and public administration, particularly those working on water resources in South Asia. They will also be useful for policymakers and governmental and non-governmental organizations.
Table of Contents
Book 1. Globalization of Water Governance in South Asia (Edited by Vishal Narain, Chanda Gurung Goodrich, Jayati Chourey, Anjal Prakash)
Introduction: The Globalization of Governance: Transforming Water Management in South Asia Vishal Narain, Chanda Gurung Goodrich, Jayati Chourey and Anjal Prakash Part I: IWRM, Well-being and Gender 1. Gender, Water and Well-being Seema Kulkarni 2. Women, Water, Caste and Gender: The Rhetoric of Reform in India’s Drinking Water Sector Deepa Joshi 3. Demand-Driven Approach vis-a-vis Marginalized Communities: A Situation Analysis Based on Participatory Approaches in Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programs in Sri Lanka N. I. Wickremasinghe 4. IWRM, Well-being and Gender: A Perspective from Bhutan Gongsar Karma Chhopel Part II: State, Markets and Civil Society: Changing Configurations in Water Management 5. Changing Configurations around the State in Water Resource Management in Relation to Multiple Stakeholders’ Participation in South Asia: Possibilities and Challenges E. R. N Gunawardena 6. Resource Management at Local Level: "Platform" Approach for Integration Dhruba Raj Pant and Khem Raj Sharma 7. Accessibility of Urban Poor to Safe Water Supply: A Case of a Small Town Water Supply Scheme in Nepal Prakash Gaudel 8. Small-scale Community Water Supply System as an Alternative to Privatized Water Supply: An Experience from Kathmandu Hari Krishna Shrestha 9. Need for Reforming the Reform: Incompatibility and Usurpation of Water Sector Reforms in the Indian State of Maharashtra Sachin Warghade and Subodh Wagle 10. Understanding Emerging Independent Regulatory Frameworks: Lessons for Reforming Karnataka’s Water Governance Divya Badami Rao and Srinivas Badiger Part III: Urbanization and Water: Emerging Conflicts, Responses and Challenges for Governance 11. Urbanization and Water: A Conundrum and Source of Conflict? Vishal Narain 12. Contextualizing Rural–Urban Water Conflicts: Bio-physical and Socio-institutional Issues of Domestic Water Scarcity Shrinivas Badiger, Smitha Gopalakrishnan and Iswara Gouda Patil 13. Urban–Rural Water Nexus: The Case of Gujarat R. Parthasarathy and Soumini Raja 14. Water Management in Rapidly Urbanizing Kathmandu Valley: Balancing Structural Linkages among Water, Society and Settlement Bijaya Shreshtha and Sushmita Shrestha 15. Private Water Tanker Operators in Kathmandu: Analysis of Water Services and Regulatory Provisions Dibesh Shrestha and Ashutosh Shukla 16. Evaluation of Institutional Arrangements for Governance of Rivers Surrounding Dhaka City M. Shahjahan Mondal, Mashfiqus Salehin and Hamidul Huq 17. Sustainable Urban Water Supply and Sanitation: A Case from Kandy, Sri Lanka Sunil Thrikawala, E. R. N Gunawardena and L. H. P. Gunaratne.
Book 2. Informing Water Policies in South Asia (Edited by Anjal Prakash, Chanda Gurung Goodrich, Sreoshi Singh)
Part I: Understanding of Need of Integrated Water Management in South Asia Informing Water Policies for Integrated Water Resources Management in South AsiaAnjal Prakash, Chanda Gurung Goodrich and Sreoshi Singh 1. Towards Integrated Water Policies in South Asia: From Critique to Constructive Engagement Amita Shah and Anjal Prakash Part II: Gender and Water2. Challenging the Flow: Gendered Participation, Equity and Sustainability in Decentralized Water Governance in Gujarat Sara Ahmed 3. Rethinking Gender Inclusion and Equity in Irrigation Policy: Insights from Nepal Pranita Bhushan Udas 4. Entering Male Domain and Challenging Stereotypes: A Case Study on Gender and Irrigation in Sindh, Pakistan Shaheen Ashraf Shah and Nazeer Ahmed Memon 5. An Attempt at Quantification of Women’s Empowerment in Small-Scale Water Resources Project Sayeda Asifa Ashrafi and Rezaur Rahman Part III: Managing Groundwater 6. Impact of Electricity Tariff Policy on Groundwater Use: The Case of West Bengal, India Aditi Mukherji, B. Das, N. Majumdar, B. R. Sharma and P. S. Banerjee 7. Are Wells a Potential Threat to Farmers’ Well-being? The Case of Deteriorating Groundwater Irrigation in Tamil Nadu, India S. Janakarajan and M. Moench Part IV: Water Conflicts and Cooperation in South Asia8.Water Conflicts, Contending Water Uses and Agenda for a New Policy, Legal and Institutional Framework K. J. Joy and Suhas Paranjape 9. Inter-sector Allocation of Hirakud Dam Water: An Economic Analysis Sanjukta Das 10.Sustainable Management and Regional Cooperation for Himalayan Waters Ramesh Ananda Vaidya and Madhav Bahadur Karki Part V: Water in Changing Contexts11. Growing City, Diminishing Water Access: Urbanization and Peri-urban Water Use in Gurgaon and Faridabad, India Vishal Narain 12. Filtering Dirty Water and Finding Fresh One: Engaging with Tradition in Dug-Well Intervention in North Bihar Luisa Cortesi.
Book 3. Water Resources Policies in South Asia (Edited by Anjal Prakash, Sreoshi Singh, C. G. Goodrich, S. Janakarajan)
Introduction: An Agenda for Pluralistic and Integrated Framework for Water Policies in South Asia Anjal Prakash, Sreoshi Singh, Chanda Gurung Goodrich and S. Janakarajan Part I. Conceptual Framework for Water Resources Policy 1. Interface between Water, Poverty and Gender Empowerment: Revisiting Theories, Policies and Practices Amita Shah and Seema Kulkarni 2. Seeing Women and Questioning Gender in Water Management Margreet Zwarteveen 3. "Water Policies are Never Implemented, but Negotiated:" Analyzing Integration of Policies Using a Bayesian Network Saravanan V. Subramanian and David Ip Part II. Informing Water Resources Policies: The South Asian Experience 4. Institutional Design Perspective, Capacity Constraints and Participatory Irrigation Management in South Asia Jayanath Ananda 5. Integrated Water Resources Management: From Policy to Practice through a Comprehensive National Water Management Plan: A Case Study of Bangladesh Sultan Ahmed 6. Watershed Management Policies and Programs in Bhutan: Empowering the Powerless Thinley Gyamtsho 7. Scale, Diverse Economies, and Ethnographies of the State: Concepts for Theorizing Water Policy Priya Sangameswaran 8. Credit Conditionality and Strategic Sabotage: The Tale of the First Decade of Pakistan’s Irrigation Reform Muhammad Mehmood Ul Hasan Part III. Water and Climate Change: Newer Dimensions That Should Shape Water Policies 9. Hydro-Hazardscapes of South Asia: Redefining Adaptation and Resilience to Global Climate Change Daanish Mustafa 10. Climate Change and Groundwater: India’s Opportunities for Mitigation and Adaptation Tushaar Shah Part IV. International Experiences of Water Reform 11. Chilean Water Markets: History, Politics and Empirical Outcomes Jessica Budds 12. South Africa’s Reformed Water Law and Its Challenging Implementation Eiman Karar 13. Innovation in European Water Policy and the Need for Exchange on Water Policy Reform at a Global Scale Claudia Pahl-Wostl.
Book 4. Water Governance and Civil Society Responses in South Asia (Edited by N. C. Narayanan, S. Parasuraman, Rajindra Ariyabandu)
Introduction: Paradigm Shifts in Water Governance and Civil Society Responses in South Asia: A ReviewN. C. Narayanan, S. Parasuraman and Rajindra Ariyabandu 1. The State, Civil Society and Challenges to Democratic Governance in South Asia Mahfuzul H. Chowdhury Part I: NGOs in Collaborative Advocacy 2. Watershed Development Policies and Programs in India: Scope and Constraints of Civil Society Action K. J. Joy 3. How an NGO Works the State and Why it Succeeds: A Case Study from Central India Vasudha Chhotray Part II: Foreign Assistance and Water Governance 4. Water Provision and Modernity: The Consequence of Foreign Aid in Nepal Sudhindra Sharma 5. Foreign Assistance, Dependence and Debt: Sanitation Case Study, Kandy, Sri Lanka Sunil Thrikawala and N. C. Narayanan 6. Institutional Changes, Public Provision and Drinking Water Supply in Kerala N. C. Narayanan and S. Mohammed Irshad Part III: NGOs in Policy Influence 7. Water Policy Development in a Multi-party System of Governance: A Case Study of Sri Lanka Rajindra Ariyabandu 8. Water Rights in Civil Society and Governance: The Sri Lankan Experience Ruana Rajepakse 9. "Flood Action Plan" and NGO Protests in Bangladesh: An Assessment Hamidul Huq Part IV: Social Movements in Water Governance 10. The Water Rights Movement in South Maharashtra, India Suhas Paranjape and Seema Kulkarni 11. Lessons from Plachimada: From Anti-Coca-Cola Agitation to Democratization of Water C. R. Bijoy.
Anjal Prakash is Executive Director, South Asia Consortium for Interdisciplinary Water Resources Studies (SaciWATERs), Hyderabad, India.
Chanda Gurung Goodrich is Principal Scientist, Empower Women, International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India.
Sreoshi Singh is Research Fellow, SaciWATERs, and a doctoral candidate at the Center for Economic and Social Studies, Hyderabad, India.
Vishal Narain is Associate Professor, Management Development Institute (MDI), Gurgaon, India.
Jayati Chourey is Assistant Professor, Symbiosis Institute of International Business, Symbiosis International University, Pune, India.
S. Janakarajan is Professor of Economics, Madras Institute of Development Studies (MIDS), Chennai, India.
N. C. Narayanan is Associate Professor in Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India.
S. Parasuraman is Director, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India.
Rajindra Ariyabandu is a development researcher with a special interest in water resources management and community development.