Chinese water resource managers face a challenge that is both immense and unique. They must balance limited water supplies against the needs of the world’s largest population; demands for rapid economic growth with calls for improved environmental management; and the desire for a market-based approach to the allocation of water with a history of State ownership and strict government control of all resources.
In China, changes are occurring in water resources management that are representative of many of the fundamental changes occurring within Chinese society, on issues such as property rights, community participation, improved environmental management, and the shift towards market-based decision making.
This book describes the development of a water rights system in the People’s Republic of China. It covers different aspects of water resources management in China – including water planning, the provision of environmental flows, urban water management, and irrigation district management – and examines how these are being addressed through a rights-based approach. The book includes several detailed examples of the Chinese application of water rights as they address the diverse challenges of different basins across China.
This book previously appeared as a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources Development.
1. Overview of water resources and water management arrangements in China Robert Speed and Martin Cosier 2. Water rights and trading and the future of water rights in China Bin Liu 3. Water resources allocation in China Dajun Shen and Robert Speed 4. Approaches to determining and defining requirements for environmental flows in Chinese rivers Xiqin Wang and Cassie James 5. Management of urban water supplies Martin Cosier and Dajun Shen 6. Agricultural water rights in China Roger Calow 7. Water transfers and trading Robert Speed 8. Water resources allocation in the Shiyang river basin Zhongjing Wang 9. Balancing water demands and environmental flows in the Jiao River Martin Cosier, Chris Gippel, Cassie James and Nick Bond 10. Granting water rights to farmers in Hangjin irrigation district Zhongjing Wang 11. Water rights: lessons for China and lessons from China Robert Speed