Since the start of the twenty-first century there has been an unprecedented focus upon water as a key factor in the future of both society and environment. Water management lies at the heart of strategies of development as does the added the hazard of climate change.
Water Resources and Development provides a stimulating interdisciplinary introduction to the role of water resources in shaping opportunities and constraints for development. The book begins by charting the evolution of approaches to water management. It identifies an emerging polarization in the late twentieth century between ‘technical’ and ‘social’ strategies. In the past decade these two axes of policy debate have been further intersected by discussion of the scale at which management decisions should be made: the relative effectiveness of ‘global’ and ‘local’ governance of water. A variety of case studies elaborate this analytical framework, exemplifying four key development challenges: economic growth, poverty reduction, competition and conflict over water, and adaptation to climate change. Current ‘best practice’ for water management is examined, addressing strategies of water supply augmentation, the ecological implications of intensified use, and strategies of demand management guided by economic or political principles. It is argued defining ‘successful’ water management and best practice requires first the establishment of development goals and the implicit trade-offs between water consumption and conservation.
This engaging and insightful text offers a unique interdisciplinary analysis by integrating scientific, engineering, social and political perspectives. This is an essential text for courses on development studies, geography, earth sciences and the environment.
"In this meticulous volume Agnew and Woodhouse…review water scarcity issues and analyze the links between water resources and development in wealthy societies and developing countries."—B. F. Hope, California State University, Chico, Recommended Review, CHOICE
1. Water Management Best Practice in the Twenty-First Century 2. Economic Growth, Environmental Limits and Increasing Water Demand 3. Climate Change and Fresh Water Resources 4. Water Resources in Colonial and Post-Independence Agricultural Development 5. Water Supply 6. Water Demand 7. Catchments and Conflicts 8. Water Management. Conclusions