As water demand has increased globally and resources have become more limited because of physical scarcity, over-exploitation and pollution, it has been necessary to develop more options for water supplies. These options include the production at large scale of high-quality reused water from municipal sources for potable uses. Their economic, social and environmental benefits have been many as they have addressed supply scarcity, efficient resource use and environmental and public health considerations.
This book includes discussions on potable water reuse history; emerging contaminants and public health; public-private partnerships in the water reuse sector; regulatory frameworks for reused water in the United States and Europe; experiences in Australia, China in general and Beijing in particular, Singapore and Windhoek; narratives and public acceptance and perceptions of alternative water sources.
The main constraints on implementation of water reuse projects in different parts of the world seem to have been lack of full public support due to perceived health hazards and environmental impacts. A main handicap has been that governments and water utilities have been slow to understand public concerns and perceptions. After several backlashes, public information, communication and awareness campaigns, broader participation and educational programmes have become integral parts of development policy and decision-making frameworks.
Table of Contents
Asit K. Biswas
Cecilia Tortajada and Choon Nam Ong
- Potable water reuse history and a new framework for decision making
Joseph A. Cotruvo
- Water reuse, emerging contaminants and public health: state-of-the-art analysis
Choon Nam Ong
- Public–private partnerships in the water reuse sector: a global assessment
David A. Lloyd Owen
- The regulatory framework of reclaimed wastewater for potable reuse in the United States
Rosario Sanchez-Flores, Adam Conner and Ronald A. Kaiser
- Common or independent? The debate over regulations and standards for water reuse in Europe
John Fawell, Kristell Le Corre and Paul Jeffrey
- Policy issues confronting Australian urban water reuse
- Wastewater reuse in Beijing: an evolving hybrid system
Olivia Jensen and Xudong Yu
- Singapore’s experience with reclaimed water: NEWater
Hannah Lee and Thai Pin Tan
- Overcoming global water reuse barriers: the Windhoek experience
P. van Rensburg
- A lived-experience investigation of narratives: recycled drinking water
- Public acceptance and perceptions of alternative water sources: a comparative study in nine locations
Anna Hurlimann and Sara Dolnicar
Peter Joo Hee Ng
Cecilia Tortajada is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
Choon Nam Ong is the Director of the NUS Environmental Research Institute (NERI) and Professor at the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, both National University of Singapore, Singapore.