This volume traces the evolution of the concept of Public Health and reveals the importance of political will and public spending in this field of civil engineering. Design, construction, operation and maintenance of water-supply and main drainage works are discussed. The period covered extends from Roman engineering through to the early 20th century, with examples from Europe, America and Japan.
'The aim of Ashgate's twelve volume series is to bring together collections of important papers on particular topics from scholarly journals, conference proceedings and other hard-to-access sources. This is a wholly laudable objective. Some of the papers in the volume under review [The Civil Engineering of Canals and Railways before 1850] cannot be found even in abundantly-resourced academic libraries. The series opens up, directly or indirectly, debates over the nature of historical evidence which arise from the profoundly different approaches to the past of historians of technology, whose works are principally represented in these volumes, industrial archaeologists and social and economic historians.' Industrial Archaeology Review, Vol. XXI, No. 1
Contents: Introduction; Urban Water-Supply: Attitudes to Roman engineering and the question of the inverted siphon, Norman A. F. Smith; Our debt to Roman engineering: the water supply of Lincoln to the present day, M. J. T. Lewis; Sir Hugh Myddelton and the New River, G. C. Berry; George Sorocold of Derby: a pioneer of water supply, F. Williamson; The old water-supply of Seville, George Higgin; Portsmouth’s water supply, 1800-1860, Mary Hallett; The impounding reservoirs of the Newcastle and Gateshead Water Company,1845-1905, R. W. Rennison; The old Croton Aqueduct, George H. Rappole; Bringing water to the Crescent City: Benjamin Latrobe and the New Orleans waterworks system, Gary A. Donaldson; Urban sanitation in preindustrial Japan, Susan B. Hanley; Sanitary Reform: The development of Victorian infrastructures: the example of Portsmouth, Robert A. Otter; Edwin Chadwick and the engineers, 1842-1854: systems and antisystems in the pipe-and-brick sewers war, Christopher Hamlin; The separate vs. combined sewer problem: a case study in urban technology and design choice, Joel A. Tarr; Sir Joseph William Bazalgette (1819-1891): engineer to the Metropolitan Board of Works, Denis Smith; Eugène Belgrand (1810-1878): civil engineer, geologist, and pioneer hydrologist, George Atkinson; Index.
From dams to cathedrals, from water supply to transport systems, and from land drainage to the design and construction of ever larger and more monumental buildings, the impact of civil engineering on human history has been immense. This series sets out to examine key aspects of its history, from antiquity to the early 20th century.
Studies in the History of Civil Engineering focuses on the following areas: the analysis of early structures to discover how ancient or medieval builders used the materials available to them, and the principles upon which they worked; the ideas and practices of design as employed by both engineers and architects; the development of new materials and techniques, from wooden trusses to cast iron and concrete; the investigation of the great engineering projects that began to burgeon with the 18th century, first in Britain, then elsewhere, underpinned by advances in science which provided a new theoretical framework upon which to base the engineering.
These volumes reveal the implications for the history of architecture of choices of material, technique and structure. They aim also to reflect the political and economic constraints which so often shaped what could be achieved, and the inter-relationship between the history of civil engineering and economic history: the engineering was both stimulated by, and made possible the spread of industrialization.
Not least, the series is concerned to examine the lives, attitudes and careers of the men who emerged to form the new profession of the engineer. Studies in the History of Civil Engineering comprises 12 volumes. Each focuses on a particular topic, edited by an expert in that field. They reprint a selection of papers which have proved of particular importance, and which exemplify the current state of knowledge and the historiography. Originally published in wide range of scholarly journals, conference proceedings and the like, many hard to consult, these papers are now reprinted together under hard covers, making them readily accessible, even for non-specialists. Each volume opens with a substantial new introduction by the editor, to assess the field and place the papers in their context, and is fully indexed. The series constitutes an authoritative reference library, not just for those interested in the history of civil engineering, but also those studying economic history and the history of science and, above all, of architecture.