Pakistan’s water management is at a critical watershed. Water shortages are growing rapidly as a result of growing demand across all water-using sectors. Rapid population growth, from 175 million people in 2010 to an estimated 236 million by 2030 and 280 million by 2050, and international food-price spikes create pressure to increase agricultural production of staples; but demand for cash crops is also growing rapidly to raise rural incomes and generate rural employment to absorb the relatively young, rapidly growing rural population. Water management is also increasingly affected by climate change – including an increased number of flood and drought events – and by growing energy shortages, which affect how water is being sourced and used. Last but not least, Pakistan’s political situation is fragile, which has reduced incentives to invest in enhanced agricultural water (and other) technologies. How Pakistan addresses these challenges will be decisive for its future water and food security, economic growth, and environmental sustainability. It will also affect water and food outcomes globally, due to the interconnectedness of global food trade. This book is geared toward researchers, policymakers, and investors in the water, energy and food sectors who want to learn about key drivers that affect Pakistan’s water and food security and have an interest to contribute to water and related solutions, several of which are presented in the book.
This book was published as a special issue of Water International.
1. Water for food security: challenges for Pakistan 2. Progress of constitutional change and irrigation management transfer in Pakistan: insights from a net-map exercise 3. An old–new measure of canal water inequity 4. Is a surface-water market physically feasible in Pakistan’s Indus Basin Irrigation System? 5. Energy use in large-scale irrigated agriculture in the Punjab province of Pakistan 6. Using fallout 137Cs for evaluation of watershed management in a sub-catchment of Mangla, Pakistan 7. Comparative institutional analysis of customary rights and colonial law in spate irrigation systems of Pakistani Punjab 8. Droughts in Pakistan: a spatiotemporal variability analysis using the Standardized Precipitation Index 9. An introduction to the IBMR, a hydro-economic model for climate change impact assessment in Pakistan’s Indus River basin 10. Climate change impacts and adaptation options for water and food in Pakistan: scenario analysis using an integrated global water and food projections model
Most of the world’s water problems, and their solutions, are directly related to policies and governance, both specific to water and in general. Two of the world’s leading journals in this area, the International Journal of Water Resources Development (sponsored by the Third World Centre for Water Management, Mexico) and Water International (the official journal of the International Water Resources Association), contribute to this special issues series, aimed at disseminating new knowledge on the policy and governance of water resources to a very broad and diverse readership all over the world. The series should be of direct interest to all policy makers, professionals and lay readers concerned with obtaining the latest perspectives on addressing the world’s many water issues.