Wax Deposition: Experimental Characterizations, Theoretical Modeling, and Field Practices covers the entire spectrum of knowledge on wax deposition. The book delivers a detailed description of the thermodynamic and transport theories for wax deposition modeling as well as a comprehensive review of laboratory testing for the establishment of appropriate field control strategies.
Offering valuable insight from academic research and the flow assurance industry, this balanced text:
Wax Deposition: Experimental Characterizations, Theoretical Modeling, and Field aids flow assurance engineers in identifying the severity and controlling the problem of wax deposition. The book also shows students and researchers how fundamental principles of thermodynamics, heat, and mass transfer can be applied to solve a problem common to the petroleum industry.
"… covers the entire spectrum of knowledge on wax deposition. It not only introduces the background, basic concepts, experiments, modeling, and field operations of wax deposition, but also presents the latest research achievements and trends in this field. … Highly valuable for researchers and engineers."
—Jinjun Zhang, China University of Petroleum - Beijing
"A useful methodological approach for tackling industrial wax deposition problems is clearly conveyed in this work, encompassing fundamental theory, scale-up, as well as practical application. … An unassuming pedagogical style, supported by uncluttered illustrations, allows the reader to quickly absorb and master the smorgasbord of non-trivial intricacies which accompany wax deposition analysis."
—Kristofer Gunnar Paso, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim
"… covers nearly every aspect of wax deposition-related research, from fluid analysis and deposition measurements to thermodynamic modeling, kinetic deposition modeling, and field application. Engineers and researchers in the area of flow assurance will benefit a lot from this book. This could also inspire students, researchers in the field of transport phenomena, and thermodynamics and process engineers to further explore the remaining challenges."
—Shuxin Hou, Statoil, Stavanger, Norway
"At last, a powerful tool for the flow assurance engineer. … All we need to know on wax deposition is gathered in a sole work."
—Thierry Palermo, Total S.A., Paris, France
Background of Wax Deposition
Overview of Wax Testing, Modeling, and Management
Experimental Characterization of Wax Thermodynamic Properties
Determination of the Wax Appearance Temperature
Determination of the Wax Precipitation Curve
Experimental Techniques for the Characterization of Precipitated Wax
Thermodynamic Modeling of Wax Precipitation
Fundamental Thermodynamics of Wax Precipitation
Step 1 in Thermodynamic Modeling: Construction of the Thermodynamic Equations
Step 2 in Thermodynamic Modeling: Simplification of Thermodynamic Equations
Coutinho’s Thermodynamic Model—A Theoretically Comprehensive Thermodynamic Model
Industrial Practice of Wax Thermodynamic Modeling
Extended Applications of Wax Thermodynamic Models
Wax Deposition Modeling
Wax Deposition Mechanisms
Molecular Diffusion as the Main Mechanism for Wax Deposition
Overview of Wax Deposition Modeling
Detailed Comparison of Different Wax Deposition Models
Introduction to Wax Deposition Experiments
Importance of Experimental Applications
Wax Deposition Flow Loop
Cold-Finger Wax Deposition Apparatus
Carrying Out Flow-Loop Wax Deposition Experiments
Applying Wax Deposition Models to Flow Loop Experiments
Uncertainties in Wax Deposition Modeling
Applying Wax Deposition Models with Deposit Thickness
Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis of the Wax Deposition Experiments
Applying Wax Deposition Models to Investigate Deposit Compositions
Applying Wax Deposition Models for Field Predictions
Example 1—Single-Phase Pipe Flow
Example 2—Gas/Oil Flow