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Well-Founded Belief
New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation




ISBN 9781138503755
Published December 13, 2019 by Routledge
336 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Epistemological theories of knowledge and justification draw a crucial distinction between one’s simply having good reasons for some belief and one’s actually basing one’s belief on good reasons. While the most natural kind of account of basing is causal in nature—a belief is based on a reason if and only if the belief is properly caused by the reason—there is hardly any widely accepted, counterexample-free account of the basing relation among contemporary epistemologists. Further inquiry into the nature of the basing relation is therefore of paramount importance for epistemology. Without an acceptable account of the basing relation, epistemological theories remain both crucially incomplete and vulnerable to errors that can arise when authors assume an implausible view of what it takes for beliefs to be held on the basis of reasons.

Well-Founded Belief brings together 16 essays written by leading epistemologists to explore this important topic in greater detail. The chapters in this collection are divided into two broad categories: (i) the nature of the basing relation; and (ii) basing and its applications. The chapters in the first section are concerned, principally, with positively characterizing the epistemic basing relation and criticizing extant accounts of it, including extant accounts of the relationship between epistemic basing and propositional and doxastic justification. The latter chapters connect epistemic basing with other topics of interest in epistemology as well as ethics, including: epistemic disjunctivism, epistemic injustice, agency, epistemic conservativism, epistemic grounding, epistemic genealogy, practical reasoning, and practical knowledge.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Patrick Bondy and J. Adam Carter

Part I: The Nature of the Basing Relation

1. A Doxastic-Causal Theory of Epistemic Basing

Ru Ye

2. All Evidential Basing is Phenomenal Basing

Andrew Moon

3. Dispositions and the Basing Relation

Hamid Vahid

4. The Many Ways of the Basing Relation

Luca Moretti and Tommaso Piazza

5. Reasons and Basing in Commonsense Epistemology: Evidence from Two Experiments

John Turri

6. Inference and the Basing Relation

Keith Allen Korcz

7. The Superstitious Lawyer’s Inference

Patrick Bondy and J. Adam Carter

8. Prime Time (for the Basing Relation)

Errol Lord and Kurt Sylvan

Part II: Basing and Its Applications

9. Hermeneutical Injustice as Basing Failure

Mona Simion

10. Agency and the Basing Relation

Ram Neta

11. Epistemic Conservatism and the Basing Relation

Kevin McCain

12. Can Beliefs be Based on Practical Reasons?

Miriam McCormick

13. Epistemological Disjunctivism and Factive Bases for Belief

Duncan Pritchard

14. From Epistemic Basing to Epistemic Grounding

Jesper Kallestrup

15. Well-Founded Belief and the Contingencies of Epistemic Location

Guy Axtell

16. The Epistemic Basing Relation and Knowledge-That as Knowledge-How

Stephen Hetherington

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Editor(s)

Biography

J. Adam Carter is a lecturer in philosophy at the University of Glasgow, UK. His work has appeared in Noûs, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Analysis, Philosophical Studies, and the Australasian Journal of Philosophy. He is the author of Metaepistemology and Relativism (2016).

Patrick Bondy is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Wichita State University. His work has appeared in Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, Dialogue, Philosophia, and Episteme. He is the author of Epistemic Rationality and Epistemic Normativity (2018).