Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles  book cover
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Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles




ISBN 9781566763400
Published October 6, 1995 by CRC Press
832 Pages

 
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Book Description

The Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles has been a widely used textile industry reference for more than 50 years. Now a completely updated new edition has been published. It was prepared by a team of industrial textile specialists at Auburn University to provide both technical and management personnel with a comprehensive resource on the current technology and applications of today's industrial textiles.
All aspects of industrial textiles are covered: man-made and natural materials, manufacturing and finishing methods, and all applications. There are also sections on properties, testing, waste management, computers and automation, and standards and regulations. The appendices provide extensive reference data: properties, specifications, manufacturers and trade names, mathematical equations and measurement units. The text is organized for easy reference, and well illustrated with hundreds of schematics and photographs.

Table of Contents

Foreword/Preface/Introduction

OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES
Overview of Industrial Textiles
POLYMERS AND FIBERS
Fiber Forming Polymers
Natural and Man-Made Fibers
FIBER AND YARN MANUFACTURING
Manufacture of Man-Made Fibers
Manufacture of Continuous Filament Yarns
Manufacture of Staple Yarns
FABRIC MANUFACTURING
Classification of Fabrics
Yarn Preparation
Slashing
Weaving
Knitting
Braiding and Narrow Fabrics
Tufting
Nonwoven Fabrics
FABRIC FINISHING AND COATING
Dyeing, Printing and Finishing
Coating and Laminating
ARCHITECTURAL AND CONSTRUCTION TEXTILES
Fabrics for Architecture and Construction
Applications of Coated Fabrics in Building Structures
Awnings and Canopies
Textiles as Roofing Materials
Storage Vessels
Fiber Reinforced Concrete and Cement
Textiles for Acoustic and Heat Insulation
TEXTILE STRUCTURAL COMPOSITES
Textile Composite Materials
Classification of Textile Reinforcement Structures
Manufacture of Textile Preforms
Composite Manufacturing
Composite Properties and Testing
Designing with Composites
Applications of Textile Structural Composites
Future of Textile Structural Composites
FILTRATION TEXTILES
Introduction
Principles of Filtration
Filtration Equipment
Textiles in Dry Filtration
Textiles in Liquid Filtration
Designing for Filtration Testing
GEOTEXTILES
Introduction
Geotextile Materials and Manufacturing
Geotextile Properties and Testing
Geotextile Functions
Designing with Geotextiles
Application
Examples of Geotextiles
Geotextiles Market
Geosynthetics
MEDICAL TEXTILES
Introduction
Materials Used in Biotextiles
Classification of Medical Textiles
Textiles for Implantation
Non-Implantable Textiles
Textiles for Extracorporeal (Biomedical) Devices
Healthcare and Hygiene Products
MILITARY AND DEFENSE TEXTILES
Introduction
Protective Clothing and Individual Equipment
Textiles Used in Defense Systems and Weapons
Other Applications
PAPER MACHINE CLOTHING
Introduction
Paper Machines and Papermaking
Process Forming
Fabrics o Press Felts
Dryer Fabrics
Current and Future Trends in Paper Machine Clothing
SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE TEXTILES
Introduction
High Temperature Textiles
Flame Resistant Protective Clothing
Chemical Protective Clothing (CPC)
Mechanical Protection
Electrical Protective Clothing
Clean Room Textiles
Radiation Protection
Thermal Insulation (Protection from Cold)
High Visibility Textiles
Metallized Fabrics
Space Suits
SPORTS AND RECREATION TEXTILES
Introduction
Sports Uniforms
Camping and Hiking
Baseball o Tennis
Football
Golf and Hockey Equipment
Skates o Bikes o Marine Products
Textiles in Sports Surfaces
Hot-Air Ballooning
Fabrics for Children
Fun and Play
Other Fibers and Fabrics
TRANSPORTATION TEXTILES
Introduction
Tires
Airbags
Seat Belts
Automotive Interior Trim
Automotive Exterior Trim
Truck and Car Covers
Belts, Hoses and Filters in Cars
Textiles for Aircrafts
Textiles as Structural Elements in Transport Vehicles
Inflatable Products Used in Transportation
GENERAL INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES
Textiles in Agriculture
Textiles in Electronics
Banners and Flags
Textile Reinforced Products
Transport Bags and Sheets
Fabrics to Control Oil Spills
Canvas Covers and Tarpaulins
Ropes and Nets
Home and Office Furnishings
Miscellaneous Applications
FIBER PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY
Refractive Index Density (Specific Gravity) of
Fiber Fineness and Diameters
Fiber Strength and Tenacity
Fiber Breaking o Elongation
Fiber Load-Elongation Diagrams
Viscoelasticity Elastic Modulus
Toughness or Energy Absorption
Elongation-Recovery Properties
Rate of Recovery Properties
Bending, Compression, Shear and Torsion Strains
Loop Strength
Knot Strength
Friction Abrasion and Wear Resistance
Moisture Absorption Properties
Fiber Swelling Properties
Wet Fiber Strengths
Wet Fiber Breaking
Elongations
Effect of Relative Humidity on Tenacity-Elongation
Diagrams
Thermal Properties of Fibers
Effect of Heat on the Tensile Properties of Fibers
Fiber Flammability
Resistance of Fibers to Mildew, Aging, Sunlight and Abrasion
Chemical Resistance of Fibers
Electrostatic Properties of Fibers
Electrical Resistivity
NOMENCLATURE, PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY
Yarn Number
Systems
Yarn Twist Direction
Singles and Producer's Yarn Nomenclature
Plied Yarn Nomenclature
Yarn Twist Mathematics
Twist Take-up
Helix Angle versus Turns per Inch
Yarn Stability
Corkscrew Yarn
Twist Multiplier for Spun Yarns
Effect of Yarn Twist on Breaking Strength
Yarn Breaking Strength and Elongation Tests
Cotton Yarn Strength-Count Factor
Yarn Twist Balance
Relationship of Singles to Ply Twist
FABRIC PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY
Fabric Geometry
Yarn Count and Cover Factor
Fabric Density, Packing Factor, and Porosity
Yarn Crimp and Take-up
Fabric Skew and Bow
Fabric Weight
Fabric Thickness
Fabric Compressibility and Resilience
Thermal Conductivity
Air Permeability
Moisture Vapor
Transmission
Water Repellency and Resistance
Drying Rates and Drying Time
Fabric Breaking
Strength and Elongation
Biaxial Stressing
Bursting Strength
Yarn and Fabric Elongation
Balance Impact Properties
Tear Strength and Energy Abrasion
Resistance Stiffness
Drape and Hand Crease Retention and Wrinkle Resistance
Blended and Combination Fabrics
TESTING
Introduction
Standard Test Methods and Standards
Organizations
Environmental Test Conditions
Sampling and Quality Control
Fiber Testing
Sliver, Roving, and Yarn Evenness Tests
Yarn Test Methods
Tensile Testing of Yarns and Fabrics
Fabric Test Methods
AATCC Test Methods
TEXTILE WASTE MANAGEMENT
Textile Waste Management
Introduction
Waste Management
Source Reduction
Recycling
Recycling of Industrial Textiles
Energy Recovery
Landfills
COMPUTERS AND AUTOMATION IN TEXTILES
Introduction
Computer Technology
Computer Aided Design (CAD)
Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
Expert Systems
Network Systems
Future
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
Introduction
ISO 9000 Quality Standards
Associations for Standards, Regulations, and Specifications
24.0 FUTURE OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES
Introduction
Smart Materials
Conclusions
APPENDICES
Air, Tent, and Tensile Structures Fabric Specification Table
Awnings and Canopies Fabric Specification Table
Geotextile Fabric Properties
Characteristics, Industrial Uses, and Manufacturers
Of Major Generic Fibers and Trade Names
Derivation of Mathematical Equations
Measurement Units
INDEX
Each chapter also includes a section of references and review questions.

122 tables, 359 figures

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