Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles

1st Edition

By Sabit Adanur

CRC Press

832 pages

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Hardback: 9781566763400
pub: 1995-10-06
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Description

The Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles has been a widely used textile industry reference for more than 50 years. Now a completely updated new edition has been published. It was prepared by a team of industrial textile specialists at Auburn University to provide both technical and management personnel with a comprehensive resource on the current technology and applications of today's industrial textiles.

All aspects of industrial textiles are covered: man-made and natural materials, manufacturing and finishing methods, and all applications. There are also sections on properties, testing, waste management, computers and automation, and standards and regulations. The appendices provide extensive reference data: properties, specifications, manufacturers and trade names, mathematical equations and measurement units. The text is organized for easy reference, and well illustrated with hundreds of schematics and photographs.

Table of Contents

Foreword/Preface/Introduction

OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES

Overview of Industrial Textiles

POLYMERS AND FIBERS

Fiber Forming Polymers

Natural and Man-Made Fibers

FIBER AND YARN MANUFACTURING

Manufacture of Man-Made Fibers

Manufacture of Continuous Filament Yarns

Manufacture of Staple Yarns

FABRIC MANUFACTURING

Classification of Fabrics

Yarn Preparation

Slashing

Weaving

Knitting

Braiding and Narrow Fabrics

Tufting

Nonwoven Fabrics

FABRIC FINISHING AND COATING

Dyeing, Printing and Finishing

Coating and Laminating

ARCHITECTURAL AND CONSTRUCTION TEXTILES

Fabrics for Architecture and Construction

Applications of Coated Fabrics in Building Structures

Awnings and Canopies

Textiles as Roofing Materials

Storage Vessels

Fiber Reinforced Concrete and Cement

Textiles for Acoustic and Heat Insulation

TEXTILE STRUCTURAL COMPOSITES

Textile Composite Materials

Classification of Textile Reinforcement Structures

Manufacture of Textile Preforms

Composite Manufacturing

Composite Properties and Testing

Designing with Composites

Applications of Textile Structural Composites

Future of Textile Structural Composites

FILTRATION TEXTILES

Introduction

Principles of Filtration

Filtration Equipment

Textiles in Dry Filtration

Textiles in Liquid Filtration

Designing for Filtration Testing

GEOTEXTILES

Introduction

Geotextile Materials and Manufacturing

Geotextile Properties and Testing

Geotextile Functions

Designing with Geotextiles

Application

Examples of Geotextiles

Geotextiles Market

Geosynthetics

MEDICAL TEXTILES

Introduction

Materials Used in Biotextiles

Classification of Medical Textiles

Textiles for Implantation

Non-Implantable Textiles

Textiles for Extracorporeal (Biomedical) Devices

Healthcare and Hygiene Products

MILITARY AND DEFENSE TEXTILES

Introduction

Protective Clothing and Individual Equipment

Textiles Used in Defense Systems and Weapons

Other Applications

PAPER MACHINE CLOTHING

Introduction

Paper Machines and Papermaking

Process Forming

Fabrics o Press Felts

Dryer Fabrics

Current and Future Trends in Paper Machine Clothing

SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE TEXTILES

Introduction

High Temperature Textiles

Flame Resistant Protective Clothing

Chemical Protective Clothing (CPC)

Mechanical Protection

Electrical Protective Clothing

Clean Room Textiles

Radiation Protection

Thermal Insulation (Protection from Cold)

High Visibility Textiles

Metallized Fabrics

Space Suits

SPORTS AND RECREATION TEXTILES

Introduction

Sports Uniforms

Camping and Hiking

Baseball o Tennis

Football

Golf and Hockey Equipment

Skates o Bikes o Marine Products

Textiles in Sports Surfaces

Hot-Air Ballooning

Fabrics for Children

Fun and Play

Other Fibers and Fabrics

TRANSPORTATION TEXTILES

Introduction

Tires

Airbags

Seat Belts

Automotive Interior Trim

Automotive Exterior Trim

Truck and Car Covers

Belts, Hoses and Filters in Cars

Textiles for Aircrafts

Textiles as Structural Elements in Transport Vehicles

Inflatable Products Used in Transportation

GENERAL INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES

Textiles in Agriculture

Textiles in Electronics

Banners and Flags

Textile Reinforced Products

Transport Bags and Sheets

Fabrics to Control Oil Spills

Canvas Covers and Tarpaulins

Ropes and Nets

Home and Office Furnishings

Miscellaneous Applications

FIBER PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY

Refractive Index Density (Specific Gravity) of

Fiber Fineness and Diameters

Fiber Strength and Tenacity

Fiber Breaking o Elongation

Fiber Load-Elongation Diagrams

Viscoelasticity Elastic Modulus

Toughness or Energy Absorption

Elongation-Recovery Properties

Rate of Recovery Properties

Bending, Compression, Shear and Torsion Strains

Loop Strength

Knot Strength

Friction Abrasion and Wear Resistance

Moisture Absorption Properties

Fiber Swelling Properties

Wet Fiber Strengths

Wet Fiber Breaking

Elongations

Effect of Relative Humidity on Tenacity-Elongation

Diagrams

Thermal Properties of Fibers

Effect of Heat on the Tensile Properties of Fibers

Fiber Flammability

Resistance of Fibers to Mildew, Aging, Sunlight and Abrasion

Chemical Resistance of Fibers

Electrostatic Properties of Fibers

Electrical Resistivity

NOMENCLATURE, PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY

Yarn Number

Systems

Yarn Twist Direction

Singles and Producer's Yarn Nomenclature

Plied Yarn Nomenclature

Yarn Twist Mathematics

Twist Take-up

Helix Angle versus Turns per Inch

Yarn Stability

Corkscrew Yarn

Twist Multiplier for Spun Yarns

Effect of Yarn Twist on Breaking Strength

Yarn Breaking Strength and Elongation Tests

Cotton Yarn Strength-Count Factor

Yarn Twist Balance

Relationship of Singles to Ply Twist

FABRIC PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY

Fabric Geometry

Yarn Count and Cover Factor

Fabric Density, Packing Factor, and Porosity

Yarn Crimp and Take-up

Fabric Skew and Bow

Fabric Weight

Fabric Thickness

Fabric Compressibility and Resilience

Thermal Conductivity

Air Permeability

Moisture Vapor

Transmission

Water Repellency and Resistance

Drying Rates and Drying Time

Fabric Breaking

Strength and Elongation

Biaxial Stressing

Bursting Strength

Yarn and Fabric Elongation

Balance Impact Properties

Tear Strength and Energy Abrasion

Resistance Stiffness

Drape and Hand Crease Retention and Wrinkle Resistance

Blended and Combination Fabrics

TESTING

Introduction

Standard Test Methods and Standards

Organizations

Environmental Test Conditions

Sampling and Quality Control

Fiber Testing

Sliver, Roving, and Yarn Evenness Tests

Yarn Test Methods

Tensile Testing of Yarns and Fabrics

Fabric Test Methods

AATCC Test Methods

TEXTILE WASTE MANAGEMENT

Textile Waste Management

Introduction

Waste Management

Source Reduction

Recycling

Recycling of Industrial Textiles

Energy Recovery

Landfills

COMPUTERS AND AUTOMATION IN TEXTILES

Introduction

Computer Technology

Computer Aided Design (CAD)

Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)

Expert Systems

Network Systems

Future

STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS

Introduction

ISO 9000 Quality Standards

Associations for Standards, Regulations, and Specifications

24.0 FUTURE OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES

Introduction

Smart Materials

Conclusions

APPENDICES

Air, Tent, and Tensile Structures Fabric Specification Table

Awnings and Canopies Fabric Specification Table

Geotextile Fabric Properties

Characteristics, Industrial Uses, and Manufacturers

Of Major Generic Fibers and Trade Names

Derivation of Mathematical Equations

Measurement Units

INDEX

Each chapter also includes a section of references and review questions.

122 tables, 359 figures

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science