1st Edition

West Greenlandic
An Essential Grammar




  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after September 22, 2021
ISBN 9781138063709
September 22, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
280 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations

USD $42.95

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Book Description

This grammar provides a clear and comprehensive overview of contemporary West Greenlandic. It follows a systematic order of topics beginning with the alphabet and phonology, continuing with nominal and verbal morphology and syntax, and concluding with more advanced topics such as complex sentences and word formation. Grammatical points are illustrated with authentic examples reflecting current life in Greenland. Grammatical terminology is explained fully for the benefit of readers without a background in linguistics.

Features include:

  • Full grammatical breakdowns of all examples for ease of identifying individual components of complex words
  • Detailed contents list and index for easy access to information
  • An alphabetical list of the most commonly used West Greenlandic suffixes
  • A glossary of grammatical abbreviations used in the volume

The book is suitable for a wide range of users, including independent and classroom-based learners of West Greenlandic as well as linguists and anyone with an interest in Greenland’s official language.

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

1. Introduction

1.1. Greenlandic within the Eskimo-Aleut language family

1.2. Greenlandic language varieties

1.3. Historical and sociolinguistic introduction to West Greenlandic

1.3.1. Early history of Greenlandic

1.3.2. History of written West Greenlandic

1.3.3. Contemporary West Greenlandic

1.3.4. Aspects of Greenlandic culture

1.4. Characteristic features of West Greenlandic

1.5. How to use this grammar

1.5.1. Overall approach

1.5.2. Dictionary forms of words

1.5.3. Additive and truncative suffixes

1.5.4. Examples of grammatical points

1.5.5. Glossing

2. Phonology and orthography

2.1. The alphabet

2.2. Vowels

2.3. Consonants

2.4. Syllables, stress, and intonation

2.5. Morphophonological variation

2.5.1. Consonant changes

2.5.2. Vowel changes

2.5.3. Helping vowel ‑i‑

2.5.4 Loss of glides (j and v)

2.5.5 Stem types

2.5.6. Sound alternation in the beginning of suffixes

2.6. Kleinschmidt’s orthography

3. Nouns

3.1. Case and number

3.2. Noun stem types

3.3. Function of cases

3.4. Possessive inflection

3.4.1. Possessive absolutive

3.4.2. Possessive relative

3.4.3. Possessive allative

3.4.4. Possessive locative

3.4.5. Possessive ablative

3.4.6. Possessive instrumental

3.4.7. Possessive prolative

3.4.8. Possessive equative

3.5. Collective suffixes

4. Pronouns

4.1. Personal

4.2. Demonstrative

4.3. Interrogative

4.4. Reflexive

4.5. Reciprocal

4.6. Other

5. Numerals

5.1. Cardinal

5.2. Ordinal

6. Noun modification (= adjectives)

6.1. Attributive modifiers

6.2. Predicative modifiers

6.3. Comparison

6.3.1. Comparative

6.3.2. Superlative

7. Verbs

7.1. Person and number

7.1.1. Subject suffixes

7.1.2. Object suffixes

7.2. Mood

7.2.1. Independent/main moods

7.2.2. Subordinate moods

7.3. Tense

7.3.1. Present tense

7.3.2. Past tense

7.3.3. Future tense

7.4 Aspect

7.4.1. Completed

7.4.2. Habitual

7.4.3. Inchoative

7.5. Modality

7.6. Evidentiality

7.7. Causativity

7.8. Reflexivity and reciprocity

7.8.1. Reflexivity

7.8.2. Reciprocity

7.9. Passivity

7.10. Valency

7.11. Negation

7.11.1. Basic negative suffixes

7.11.2. Negative suffixes with more specific meanings

7.11.3. Negative intransitive participle

7.11.4. Negative indefinite pronouns and adverbs

7.11.5. Periphrastic negative constructions

8. Participles

8.1. Intransitive participle

8.2. Passive participle

8.3. Abstract participle

9. Adverbs

9.1. Manner

9.2. Time

9.3. Place and direction

9.4. Degree, measure, and quantity

9.5. Modal

9.6. Interrogative

10. Postpositions

10.1 . Place and direction

10.2. Time

10.3. Other

11. Conjunctions

11.1. Coordinating

11.2. Subordinating

12. Particles

12.1. Discourse particles and interjections

12.2. Enclitic particles

13. Suffixes

13.1. Suffix types

13.2. Order of suffixes

14. Phrases, clauses, and sentences

14.1. Basic word order

14.2. Incorporation

14.2.1. Incorporated predicative

14.2.2. Incorporated direct object

14.2.3. Incorporated noun in oblique cases

14.3. Definiteness

14.4. Clause types

14.4.1. Copular

14.4.2. Intransitive

14.4.3. Transitive

14.4.4. Half-transitive

14.4.5. Double transitive

14.4.6. Existential

14.4.7. Possessive

14.4.8. Impersonal

14.4.9. Interrogative

14.5. Complex sentences

14.5.1. Adverbial

14.5.2. Relative

14.5.3. Complement

15. List of essential suffixes

Suggested resources

Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Lily Kahn is Professor of Hebrew and Jewish Languages at UCL. Her research areas include endangered and minority languages more broadly as well as translation studies. She is co-editor of two UCL Press book series, Grammars of World and Minority Languages and Textbooks of World and Minority Languages with Riitta-Liisa Valijärvi.

Riitta-Liisa Valijärvi is Associate Professor of Finnish and Minority Languages at UCL and Senior Lecturer in Finnish and Finno-Ugric Languages at Uppsala University, Sweden. Her research interests include endangered and minority languages, language pedagogy, and song lyrics. Relevant publications include Finnish Tutor (2017) and North Sámi: An Essential Grammar (with Lily Kahn; Routledge, 2017).