This book examines Western foreign policy towards the Middle East, and the extent to which the promotion of democracy has been in conflict with, or supported by, other goals (geo-strategic, economic, and cultural) in the policies of the major actors towards the Middle East. Does the Arab Spring provide a new opening for cooperation with the region? Contributions are offered by scholars with research interests in Middle Eastern politics, and by those analysing the policies and interests of external actors.
Against the backdrop of the recent ‘War on Terror’, the comparative and interdisciplinary outlook of the book will offer the opportunity for much needed intellectual exchanges between political scientists, contemporary historians, and international relations scholars from Europe, North America and the Middle East. Since it coincides with and/or follows the final phases of US and British withdrawal from Iraq and Afghanistan, this book will be highly relevant to both academics and policy-makers in the UK and abroad, making a significant contribution not only to the scholarly investigation of Western foreign policies, but also to the study of the Middle East in general.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Cambridge Review of International Affairs.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Rethinking Western Foreign Policy and the Middle East
Christian Kaunert, Sarah Leonard, Lars Berger and Gaynor Johnson
2. In the eye of the storm: Ambassador James Richards' mission to Iraq in April 1957
3. ‘A good investment?’ State sponsorship of terrorism as an instrument of Iraqi foreign policy (1979–1991)
4. Changing Turkish foreign policy towards Iraq: new tools of engagement
5. ‘I'm glad I'm not a Saudi woman’: the First Gulf War and US encounters with Saudi gender relations
Kelly J Shannon
6. The EU and the Gulf monarchies: normative power Europe in search of a strategy for engagement
Thomas Demmelhuber and Christian Kaunert
7. Somalia versus Captain ‘Hook’: assessing the EU's security actorness in countering piracy off the Horn of Africa
Christian Kaunert and Kamil Zwolski
Christian Kaunert is Professor of International Politics, Jean Monnet Chair in EU Justice and Home Affairs Policy, and Director of the European Institute for Security and Justice at the University of Dundee, UK. He is co-Director of the EU Studies Association special interest section on the Area for Freedom, Security and Justice.
Sarah Leonard is Senior Lecturer in Politics, Jean Monnet Coordinator of the PhD Summer School in the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, and Deputy Director of the European Institute for Security and Justice at the University of Dundee, UK.
Lars Berger is Associate Professor in International Security at the University of Leeds, UK. His research embraces qualitative and quantitative methods in the study of Islamist terrorism, US domestic, foreign and counterterrorism policies, as well as the domestic and international politics of the Arab and Muslim world
Gaynor Johnson is Professor of History at the University of Kent, Canterbury, UK. She is interested in international history, in particular the role of ambassadors in the conduct of British foreign policy in the first half of the twentieth century, and is currently working on a major AHRC-funded project with Professor John Keiger.