This book encourages renewed attention by contemporary epistemologists to an area most of them overlook: ancient philosophy. Readers are invited to revisit writings by Plato, Aristotle, Pyrrho, and others, and to ask what new insights might be gained from those philosophical ancestors. Are there ideas, questions, or lines of thought that were present in some ancient philosophy and that have subsequently been overlooked? Are there contemporary epistemological ideas, questions, or lines of thought that can be deepened by gazing back upon some ancient philosophy? The answers are 'yes' and 'yes', according to this book’s 13 chapters, written by philosophers seeking to enrich contemporary epistemology through engaging with ancient epistemology.
- Blends ancient epistemology with contemporary epistemology, each reciprocally enriching each.
- Conceptually sensitive chapters by scholars of ancient epistemology.
- Historically sensitive chapters by scholars of contemporary epistemology.
- Clearly written chapters, guiding readers at once through central elements both of ancient and of contemporary epistemology.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Ancient Epistemology’s Potential Significance for Contemporary Epistemology Stephen Hetherington and Nicholas D. Smith
1. The Socratic Version of the Opacity Objection R. Wolfe Randall and Nicholas D. Smith
2. Knowledge-Minimalism: Reinterpreting the Meno on Knowledge and True Belief Stephen Hetherington
3. Plato on Veritism and Value Russell E. Jones
4. Forms, Exemplars, and Plato Keith Lehrer
5. Is Plato’s Epistemology about Knowledge? Jessica Moss
6. Plato’s Ideal Epistemology Whitney Schwab
7. Plato on Having a Logos (Theaetetus 201c–210a) Hugh H. Benson
8. Transmitting Understanding and Know-How Stephen R. Grimm
9. Aristotle’s Disjunctivism Rosemary Twomey
10. Aristotle’s Virtue Epistemology David Bronstein
11. Aristotle and Scepticism Pierre Le Morvan
12. Pyrrhonian Scepticism and Human Agency Ernest Sosa
13. The Clitomachian and Philonian/Metrodorian Justifications of Academic Assent Thomas A. Blackson
Stephen Hetherington is Professor of Philosophy at the University of New South Wales, in Sydney, Australia, and Editor-in-Chief of the Australasian Journal of Philosophy. His publications include Epistemology’s Paradox (1992), Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge (2001), How to Know (2011), and Knowledge and the Gettier Problem (2016).
Nicholas D. Smith is the James F. Miller Professor of Humanities in the Departments of Classics and Philosophy at Lewis & Clark College in Portland, Oregon. His publications include Summoning Knowledge in Plato’s Republic (2019), Knowledge (with Ian Evans) (2012), and Socratic Moral Psychology (with Thomas C. Brickhouse) (2010).
CHOICE 'Highly Recommended':
"Students taking historically oriented philosophy courses frequently say they do not see how figures such as Plato and Aristotle matter to current philosophical problems. In the same spirit, contemporary epistemologists rarely refer back to the ancients for help with or insight into current issues. [Volume editors] Hetherington and Smith, both prolific authors, attempt to rectify this and show that both contemporary epistemology and ancient philosophy (specifically, ancient Greek epistemology) can develop new lines of thought and solve pressing problems by looking to the other. As one might expect, Plato and Aristotle dominate the collection (with seven and three essays, respectively), but there are also insightful essays on the Academics, Pyrrhonian skepticism, and understanding. Among the contemporary issues addressed are know-how, understanding, conceptions of knowledge, virtue epistemology, skepticism, and the so-called swamping problem. Revealing the value of the epistemology of ancient Greece, this volume is an ideal resource for courses in both ancient Greek philosophy and contemporary epistemology. Summing up: Highly recommended."
--J. McBain, in CHOICE