Global efforts to combat human trafficking are ubiquitous and reference particular ideas about unfreedoms, suffering, and rescue. The discourse has, however, a distinct racialized legacy that is lodged specifically in fears about "white slavery," women in prostitution and migration, and the defilement of white womanhood by the criminal and racialized Other. White Supremacy, Racism and the Coloniality of Anti-Trafficking centers the legacies of race and racism in contemporary anti-trafficking work and examines them in greater detail.
A number of recent arguments have suggested that race and racism are not only visible, but vital, to the success of contemporary anti- trafficking discourses and movements. The contributors offer recent scholarship grounded in critical anti- racist perspectives that reveal the historical and contemporary racial working of anti- trafficking discourses and practices globally—and how these intersect with gender, citizenship, sexuality, caste and class formations, and the global political economy.
Table of Contents
Rethinking the Field from Anti-Racist and Decolonial Perspectives
Kamala Kempadoo and Elena Shih
White Supremacy and Imperialism in Anti-Trafficking
- Anti-Trafficking and Anti-smuggling Campaigns in West Africa as New Racialised Migration Deterrence Efforts
Sam Okyere and Peter Olayiwola
- Trafficking, Terror and their Tropes
- The Anti-Trafficking Apparatus has a Racial Justice Problem
- Exploring the Role of Race and Racial Difference in the Legislative Intent of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act
- Global White Supremacy and Anti-Trafficking: Race, Racism, and the Politics of Human Trafficking
- To Trip the White Fantastic: The Road from White Supremacy to Sex Trafficking Safaris
- Whore’s Passport: Racialism, National Identity and the Trafficking of Brazilian Women
Thaddeus Blanchette and Ana Paula da Silva
- Anti-Trafficking and Settler-Colonial Discourses of Protection: The Coloniality of Racialized Interventions
- The Jaula and Racialization of the Amazon: Reflections on Racism and Geopolitics in the Struggle Against Human Trafficking in Brazil
José Miguel Nieto Olivar and Flávia Melo
- Constructing Victims and Criminals Through the Racial Figure of ‘The Gypsy’
- "Is It Because I’m Not Young and White with Blue Eyes?": Canadian Police Response to Sex Workers of Color’s Experiences of Exploitation and Trafficking
- Trafficking Indianness by Legislating Settler Sexuality Logics
- Imperial Anti-Trafficking: Producing Racialized Knowledge Regimes over the Longue Durée
- Resistance of Butterfly: Mobilization of Asian Migrant Sex Workers Against Sexism and Racism in Canadian Anti-Trafficking Measures
Elene Lam, Jaden Hsin-Yun Peng and Coly Chau
- The Aesthetic of Migrant Sex Work: Creation of White Identity and Perceived Moral Superiority
- Sex Work in Jamaica: Trafficking, Modern Slavery and Slavery’s Afterlives
Julia O’Connell Davidson and Jacqueline Sanchez Taylor
- Migrant Domestic Workers, Asylum-Seekers and Premonitions of Anti-Trafficking in Hong Kong
Julie Ham, Iulia Gheorghiu and Eni Lestari
Colonialism and Racialization in Anti-Trafficking
Migrant and Sex Worker Resistance to Anti-Trafficking
Kamala Kempadoo is Professor of Social Science at York University, Canada. She has published extensively on the Caribbean sex trade, global sex workers’ rights, and hegemonic anti- trafficking discourses, including the books Global Sex Workers (edited with Jo Doezema, Routledge 1998), Sexing the Caribbean (Routledge 2004), and Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered (edited with Jyoti Sanghera and Bandana Pattanaik, Paradigm 2005/ 2011). More recently, she is co-editor, with Halimah A. F. DeShong, of the collection Methodologies in Caribbean Research on Gender and Sexuality (Ian Randle Press 2021).
Elena Shih is Manning Assistant Professor of American Studies and Ethnic Studies at Brown University in the U.S., where she directs a human trafficking research cluster through Brown’s Center for the Study of Slavery and Justice. Her research focuses on the impact of anti- trafficking programs on the policing of migration, sex work, gender, and poverty. She is the author of Manufacturing Freedom (University of California Press 2023), a global ethnography of anti-trafficking rehabilitation in China, Thailand, and the U.S.