1st Edition

Why It's OK to Be of Two Minds

By Jennifer Church Copyright 2020
    200 Pages
    by Routledge

    200 Pages
    by Routledge

    Most of us experience the world through competing perspectives. A job or a religion seems important and fulfilling when looked at in one way, but from a different angle they seem tedious or ridiculous. A friend is obtuse from one point of view, wise from another. Continuing to hold both views at once can be unsettling, highlighting conflicts between our own judgments and values and undermining our ability to live purposefully and effectively.

    Yet, as Jennifer Church argues in this book, inner conflict can be a good thing, and not just as a temporary road bump on the road to resolution. This book describes several desirable types of “double consciousness” – or being of two minds – and explains why and how they should be maintained. Church looks critically at some common ideas about identity, including a popular belief about narratives that suggests our lives should “make sense” as a story. She also examines how empathy can helpfully cause us to be of two minds, and how various forms of irony and laughter enable us to benefit from holding onto opposing views. Finally, Church shows the merit of acknowledging reality while sometimes being guided by fantasy.

    Why It’s OK to Be of Two Minds is for anyone who’s held two opposing views simultaneously, which is to say it’s for everyone.

    Key Features

    • Argues against a long-standing philosophical idea: that it is important to resolve inner conflicts that result from competing systems of beliefs.

    • Examines the role of empathy and friendship in maintaining a valuable form of double consciousness.

    • Considers how irony and laughter allow us to dedicate ourselves to our particular projects while acknowledging their ultimate insignificance.

    • Shows how fantasies that conflict with our beliefs can make a positive contribution to the way we live our lives.


    1. Quarreling with Ourselves
    2. Temporal Doubling
    3. Bringing the Other Within
    4. Narrow and Wide Perspectives
    5. Living As If


    Addendum: When It’s Not OK to Be of Two Minds


    Jennifer Church is a Professor of Philosophy at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York. Her research addresses various topics in the philosophy of mind, and she is the author of Possibilities of Perception (2013) and numerous articles on mental divisions and mental health.

    "This is a superb piece of work. Church has got hold of a wonderful topic and what she does with it is hugely impressive. I found every chapter subtle and insightful, full of wonderful examples and acute observations. I came away with the sense of having engaged with a really deep but still accessible piece of philosophy."
    Quassim Cassam, University of Warwick