This book provides technological and socio-economic coverage of renewable energy. It discusses wind power technologies, solar photovoltaic technologies, large-scale energy storage technologies, and ancillary power systems. In this new edition, the book addresses advancements that have been made in renewable energy: grid-connected power plants, power electronics converters, and multi-phase conversion systems.
The text has been revised to include up-to-date material, statistics, and current technology trends. Three new chapters have been added to cover turbine generators, AC and DC wind systems, and recent advances solar power conversion.
- Discusses additional renewable energy sources, such as ocean, special turbines, etc.
- Covers system integration for solar and wind energy
- Presents emerging DC wind systems
- Includes coverage on turbine generators
- Updated sections on solar power conversion
It offers students, practicing engineers, and researchers a comprehensive look at wind and solar power technologies. It is designed as a reference and can serve as a textbook for senior undergraduates in a one-semester course on renewable power or energy systems.
Table of Contents
PART A Wind Power Systems Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Industry Overview 1.2 Incentives for Renewables 1.3 Utility Perspective References Chapter 2 Wind Power 2.1 Wind Power in the World 2.2 U.S. Wind Power Development References Chapter 3 Wind Speed and Energy 3.1 Speed and Power Relation 3.2 Power Extracted from the Wind 3.3 Rotor-Swept Area 3.4 Air Density 3.5 Wind Speed Distribution 3.6 Wind Speed Prediction References Chapter 4 Wind Power Systems 4.1 System Components 4.2 Turbine Rating 4.3 Power vs. Speed and TSR 4.4 Maximum Energy Capture 4.5 Maximum Power Operation 4.6 System-Design Trade-offs 4.7 System Control Requirements 4.8 Environmental Aspects 4.9 Potential Catastrophes 4.10 System-Design Trends References Chapter 5 Electrical Generators 5.1 Turbine conversion systems 5.2 Wound Field Synchronous Generator 5.3 Induction Generator 5.4 Doubly Fed Induction Generator 5.5 Direct-Driven Generator 5.6 Unconventional Generators 5.7 Multiphase Generators References Chapter 6 Generator Drives 6.1 Speed Control Regions 6.2 Generator Drives 6.3 Drive Selection 6.4 Cutout Speed Selection References Chapter 7 Offshore Wind Farms 7.1 Environmental Impact 7.2 Ocean Water Composition 7.3 Wave Energy and Power 7.4 Ocean Structure Design 7.5 Corrosion 7.6 Foundation 7.7 Materials 7.8 Maintenance References Chapter 8 AC Wind Systems 8.1 Overview 8.2 Wind turbine and wind farm components 8.3 System analyses 8.4 Challenges References Chapter 9 DC Wind Systems 9.1 Making a case for all DC wind system 9.2 Overview 9.3 All-DC system component 9.4 System analyses 9.5 Variable voltage collector grid References PART B Photovoltaic Power Systems Chapter 10 Photovoltaic Power 10.1 Building-Integrated PV System 10.2 PV Cell Technologies References Chapter 11 Photovoltaic Systems 11.1 PV Cell 11.2 Module and Array 11.3 Equivalent Electrical Circuit 11.4 Open-Circuit Voltage and Short-Circuit Current 11.5 I-V and P-V Curves 11.6 Array Design 11.7 Peak-Power Operation 11.8 System Components of Stand-Alone System References Chapter 12 Solar Power Conversion Systems 12.1 Overview 12.2 Solar power electronics systems 12.3 Challenges 12.4 Trend and Future References PART C System Integration Chapter 13 Energy Storage 13.1 Battery 13.2 Types of Battery 13.3 Equivalent Electrical Circuit 13.4 Performance Characteristics 13.5 More on Lead-Acid Battery 13.6 Battery Design 13.7 Battery Charging 13.8 Charge Regulators 13.9 Battery Management 13.10 Flywheel 13.11 Superconducting Magnet 13.12 Compressed Air 13.13 Technologies Compared 13.14 More on Lithium-Ion Battery References Chapter 14 Power Electronics 14.1 Basic Switching Devices 14.2 AC-DC rectifier 14.3 AC-DC Inverter 14.4 IGBT/MOSFET Based Converter 14.5 Control Schemes 14.6 Multi-level Converters 14.7 HVDC Converters 14.8 Matrix Converters 14.9 Cycloconverter 14.10 Grid Interface Controls 14.11 Battery Charge/Discharge Converters 14.12 Power Shunts References Chapter 15 Stand-Alone Systems 15.1 PV Stand-Alone 15.2 Electric Vehicle 15.3 Wind Stand-Alone 15.4 Hybrid Systems 15.5 System Sizing 15.6 Wind Farm Sizing References Chapter 16 Grid-Connected Systems 16.1 Interface Requirements 16.2 Synchronizing with the Grid 16.3 Operating Limit 16.4 Energy Storage and Load Scheduling 16.5 Utility Resource Planning Tools 16.6 Wind Farm–Grid Integration 16.7 Grid Stability Issues 16.8 Distributed Power Generation References Chapter 17 Electrical Performance 17.1 Voltage Current and Power Relations 17.2 Component Design for Maximum Efficiency 17.3 Electrical System Model 17.4 Static Bus Impedance and Voltage Regulation 17.5 Dynamic Bus Impedance and Ripples 17.6 Harmonics 17.7 Quality of Power 17.8 Renewable Capacity Limit 17.9 Lightning Protection References Chapter 18 Plant Economy 18.1 Energy Delivery Factor 18.2 Initial Capital Cost 18.3 Availability and Maintenance 18.4 Energy Cost Estimates 18.5 Sensitivity Analysis 18.6 Profitability Index 18.7 Hybrid Economics 18.8 Project Finance References Chapter 19 The Future 19.1 World Electricity Demand up to 2050 19.2 Future of Wind Power 19.3 PV Future 19.4 Declining Production Cost 19.5 Market Penetration References PART D Ancillary Power Technologies Chapter 20 Solar Thermal System 20.1 Energy Collection 20.2 Solar-II Power Plant 20.3 Synchronous Generator 20.4 Commercial Power Plants 20.5 Recent Trends References Chapter 21 Ancillary Power Systems 21.1 Heat-Induced Wind Power 21.2 Marine Current Power 21.3 Ocean Wave Power 21.4 Jet-Assisted Wind Turbine 21.5 Bladeless wind turbine 21.6 Solar Thermal Microturbine 21.7 Thermophotovoltaic System References List of Acronyms and Conversion of Units
Mukund R. Patel, PhD, PE, is an Electrical Power engineer and educator with over 50 years of widely recognized expertise in the research, development, and design of advance high-power, high-voltage equipment and systems for land, ships, and space. He has authored over 50 research papers and 5 books, and he has co-authored two international handbooks. Omid Beik, Ph.D., MIEEE, received the B.Sc. degree (Hons.) with highest distinction in electrical engineering from Yazd University, Yazd, Iran, in 2007, the M.Sc. degree with highest distinction in electrical engineering from Shahid Beheshti University, Abbaspour School of Engineering, Tehran, Iran, in 2009, and the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, in 2016. He was a Postgraduate Researcher with the Power Conversion Group, University of Manchester, U.K. (2011–2012) and a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at McMaster Automotive Resource Center (MARC), Hamilton, ON, Canada (2016–2017). His main research is focused on electric machines, drives and power electronics for applications in renewable energy systems and electrified powertrains.