Wollheim, Wittgenstein, and Pictorial Representation : Seeing-as and Seeing-in book cover
1st Edition

Wollheim, Wittgenstein, and Pictorial Representation
Seeing-as and Seeing-in

ISBN 9780367876470
Published December 12, 2019 by Routledge
324 Pages

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Book Description

Pictorial representation is one of the core questions in aesthetics and philosophy of art. What is a picture? How do pictures represent things? This collection of specially commissioned chapters examines the influential thesis that the core of pictorial representation is not resemblance but 'seeing-in', in particular as found in the work of Richard Wollheim.

We can see a passing cloud as a rabbit, but we also see a rabbit in the clouds. 'Seeing-in' is an imaginative act of the kind employed by Leonardo’s pupils when he told them to see what they could - for example, battle scenes - in a wall of cracked plaster. This collection examines the idea of 'seeing-in' as it appears primarily in the work of Wollheim but also its origins in the work of Wittgenstein. An international roster of contributors examine topics such as the contrast between seeing-in and seeing-as; whether or in what sense Wollheim can be thought of as borrowing from Wittgenstein; the idea that all perception is conceptual or propositional; the metaphor of figure and ground and its relation to the notion of 'two-foldedness'; the importance in art of emotion and the imagination.

Wollheim, Wittgenstein and Pictorial Representation: Seeing-as and Seeing-in is essential reading for students and scholars of aesthetics and philosophy of art, and also of interest to those in related subjects such as philosophy of mind and art theory.

Table of Contents

Introduction Gary Kemp and Gabriele M. Mras 

Part 1: Wittgenstein and Seeing-as 

1. The Room in a View Charles Travis 

Part 2: Difficulties with Wollheim’s Borrowing from Wittgenstein 

2. Seeing Aspects and Telling Stories about It Joachim Schulte 

3. Aspects of Perception Avner Baz 

4. Aspect-perception, Perception and Animals: Wittgenstein and Beyond Hans-Johann Glock 

5. Wittgenstein’s Seeing as: A Survey of Various Contexts Volker A. Munz 

Part 3: Benefits from Wollheim’s Borrowing from Wittgenstein 

6. Leonardo’s Challenge: Wittgenstein and Wollheim at the Intersection of Perception and Projection Garry L. Hagberg 

7. ‘Surface’ as an Expression of an Intention – On Richard Wollheim’s Conception of Art as a Form of Life Gabriele M. Mras 

8. Richard Wollheim on Seeing-In: From Representational Seeing to Imagination Richard Heinrich 

Part 4: Rescuing Wollheim’s Account without the Support of Wittgenstein 

9. A measure of Kant seen in Wollheim Gary Kemp 

10. Seeing-In as Aspect Perception Fabian Dorsch 

Part 5: Imagination and Emotion in Wollheim’s Account of Pictorial Experience 

11. Wollheim’s Ekphrastic Aesthetics: Emotion and its Relation to Art Michael Levine 

12. Visions: Wollheim and Walton on the Nature of Pictures  David Hills. 


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Gary Kemp is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, UK. He is the author of Quine versus Davidson: Truth, Reference and Meaning (2012), and What is this thing called Philosophy of Language? (Routledge, 2013).

Gabriele M. Mras is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the WU Vienna, Austria. Her writings include Naturalismus, Reduktion und die Bedingungen von Gedanken (2002) and Wahrheit, Gedanke, Subjekt (2001), and she is co-editor of Conceptus: Journal of Philosophy.