1st Edition

Women, Gender Equality, and Post-Conflict Transformation Lessons Learned, Implications for the Future

Edited By Joyce P. Kaufman, Kristen P. Williams Copyright 2017
    238 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    238 Pages
    by Routledge

    The end of formal hostilities in any given conflict provides an opportunity to transform society in order to secure a stable peace. This book builds on the existing feminist international relations literature as well as lessons of past cases that reinforce the importance of including women in the post-conflict transition process, and are important to our general understanding of gender relations in the conflict and post-conflict periods. Post-conflict transformation processes, including disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programs, transitional justice mechanisms, reconciliation measures, and legal and political reforms, which emerge after the formal hostilities end demonstrate that war and peace impact, and are impacted by, women and men differently. By drawing on a strong theoretical framework and a number of cases, this volume provides important insight into questions pertaining to the end of conflict and the challenges inherent in the post-conflict transition period that are relevant to students and practitioners alike.



    J. Ann Tickner


    Joyce P. Kaufman and Kristen P. Williams

    Part I: Theory and Framework

    1: Women Living in a Gendered World

    Laura Sjoberg

    2: The Aftermath of War: Considering Gender in the Process of Disarmament, Demilitarization and Reintegration

    Fionnuala Ni Aolain

    3: Imagined Peace, Gender Relations and Post-Conflict Transformation: Anti-colonial and post-Cold War Conflicts

    Jane L. Parpart

    Part II: Case Studies

    4: The Gender Politics of Negotiating and Renegotiating the Peace in Northern Ireland

    Fidelma Ashe and Carmel Roulston

    5: Bosnia, Women, and Gender in a post-Dayton World

    Kristen P. Williams

    6: Perpetuating a Gendered Peace? Exploring Gender Mainstreaming in Disarmament, Demobilization, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (DDRR) in Liberia

    Helen S.A. Basini

    7: Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration and the Poetics of Slavery in Sierra Leone

    Megan H. MacKenzie

    8: Women, Apartheid and the TRC: The Impact of Apartheid on Women in South Africa, Plus 20 Years

    Joyce P. Kaufman

    9: Engendering Peace: Divergent Post-Conflict Processes for Women in Guatemala and El Salvador

    Kara Ellerby

    Part III: Lessons Learned, Implications for the Future

    10: Conclusions

    Joyce P. Kaufman and Kristen P. Williams


    Joyce P. Kaufman, Whittier College, USA and Kristen P. Williams, Clark University, USA

    'Kaufman and Williams have given us a richly contextualized gender analysis of post-war patriarchy's stubborn "sustainability". They and their knowledgable contributors have also revealed what women, when organized and powered by feminist analytical curiosity, can do to expose that unjust and wasteful faux "peace". This is a wonderfully valuable book.' - Cynthia Enloe, author of Globalization and Militarism (updated 2nd edition, 2016)

    'In the last fifteen years, enthusiasm over the United Nations Security Council resolution on women, peace, and security has turned to disappointment. This valuable collaborative study explains why. Theoretical chapters identify how policies failed to anticipate the role of gender in post-conflict situations. A return to "normal" expectations of masculinity and feminity has hindered postwar reconstruction in many ways. Women, whose behavior and responsibilities were often transformed during the conflict, found their postwar opportunities limited, for example, by job training that focused on traditional activities, while neglecting their new abilities and needs. When the connection between masculinity and force goes unrecognized, then even the demobilization of male soldiers will not necessarily lead to "peace," if women face a continued threat of domestic violence. Many more such insights are explored in detailed cases that range from Africa (Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Africa) to Latin America (El Salvador, Guatemala) to Europe (former Yugoslavia and Northern Ireland). Here the whole is greater than the sum of the parts, as the volume marks important advances in theory, integrates original empirical material, and proposes key policy initiatives.' - Matthew Evangelista, author of Gender, Nationalism, and War: Conflict on the Movie Screen