1st Edition

Women and Empire, 1750–1939, 5-vol. set Primary Sources on Gender and Anglo-Imperialism

    2016 Pages
    by Routledge

    Women and Empire, 1750–1939: Primary Sources on Gender and Anglo-Imperialism functions to extend significantly the range of the History of Feminism series (co-published by Routledge and Edition Synapse), bringing together the histories of British and American women’s emancipation, represented in earlier sets, into juxtaposition with histories produced by different kinds of imperial and colonial governments. The alignment of writings from a range of Anglo-imperial contexts reveals the overlapping histories and problems, while foregrounding cultural specificities and contextual inflections of imperialism. The volumes focus on countries, regions, or continents formerly colonized (in part) by Britain:

    Volume I: Australia

    Volume II: New Zealand

    Volume III: Africa

    Volume IV: India

    Volume V: Canada

    Perhaps the most novel aspect of this collection is its capacity to highlight the common aspects of the functions of empire in their impact on women and their production of gender, and conversely, to demonstrate the actual specificity of particular regional manifestations. Concerning questions of power, gender, class and race, this new Routledge–Edition Synapse Major Work will be of particular interest to scholars and students of imperialism, colonization, women’s history, and women’s writing.

    Volume I (Australia)

    A. Imperial Views

    Official Views

    1. Report on Male and Female Convicts Sent from England and Ireland to New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land in 1828 and 1829 (House of Commons Papers 1830, pp. 4–10)

    2. Anne Bowman, The Kangaroo Hunters; or, Adventures in the Bush (Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1858), Preface, Ch. XVII, pp. 229–41

    3. Lady [Mary Anne] Barker (Lady Broome), ‘Letter II’, Letters to Guy (London: Macmillan, 1885), pp. 15–27

    Media Views

    4. ‘Lady Emigrants to Australia’, The Times, 24 Sept. 1853, p. 10

    5. ‘Governesses for Australia’, The Times, 23 Apr. 1862, p. 6

    Personal Views of and from Australia

    6. Mrs Thrower, Younâh: A Tasmanian Aboriginal Romance of the Cataract Gorge (Hobart, Tasmania: Mercury Office, 1894), pp. 36, 37, 40–2

    7. Nancy Lloyd-Tayler, By Still Harder Fate (Melbourne: George Robertson & Co., 1898), Bk. 2, Ch. 1, pp. 81–9

    B. Ordering Disorderly Women

    Convict Women

    8. ‘To the Editor of the Colonial Times’, Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser, 18 Nov. 1825, p. 3

    9. ‘The Female Factory’, Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser, 16 June 1826, p. 3

    10. Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser, 14 July 1826, p. 2 (editorial on Female Factory)

    11. ‘A Batchelor Settler, Macquarie River’, ‘Mr Editor’, Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser, 28 July 1826, p. 4

    12. Rules and Regulations for the Management of the House of Correction for Females (Hobart Town: J. Ross, 1829) (Mitchell Library, SLNSW DSM/365/T)

    13. The Moreton Bay Courier, Vol. 1, No. 24, 28 Nov. 1846, p. 2 (Report of the Transportation Committee)

    14. ‘Dreadful Death’, The Moreton Bay Courier, Vol. 1, No. 44, 17 Apr. 1847, p. 3

    15. ‘Regulations for Female Convicts in the General Prison at Perth’ (with handwritten amendments), Prison Board 520, 16 Aug. 1860 (Mitchell Library, SLNSW, DSM/Q365/W)

    16. Oline Keese [Eliza Winstanley], The Broad Arrow: Being Passages from the History of Maida Gwynnham, A Lifer (London: Richard Bentley, 1859), Bk. 2, Ch. 1, pp. 1–47

    Women Out of Order

    17. A Report of the Inquiry into the Management of the Yarra Bend Lunatic Asylum, As Detailed in the Nine Days’ Trial of the Action for Libel Bowie v. Wilson (Melbourne: Wilson and Mackinnon, 1862), pp. 1–3, 6–7, 20–5, 56–7, 74–5, 82–3, 118–19

    18. ‘Female Pugilism—Ellen Story & Ellen Whewell’, Argus, 5 Oct. 1853, p. 5

    19. ‘News and Notes’, Ballarat Star, 25 Apr. 1864, p. 2

    20. ‘The Yarra Mystery’, Sydney Morning Herald, 12 Jan. 1899, p. 5

    21. ‘An Alleged Unlawful Operation’, Sydney Morning Herald, 13 Jan. 1899, p. 3

    C. Female Mobility, Immigration, and Work

    22. ‘To the Editor of the Colonial Times ’, Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser, 1 Dec. 1826, p. 3 (gender ratios)

    23. ‘The Renewal of Transportation’, Moreton Bay Courier, 31 Oct. 1846, p. 2 (balancing men and women)

    24. ‘Mrs Chisholm’, Moreton Bay Courier, 25 Mar. 1848, p. 3

    25. Three poems to Caroline Chisholm (one by Walter Savage Landor), 1846 and 1853 (Caroline Chisholm Papers, Mitchell Library, SLNSW, ML Ac 19-1/6)

    26. ‘Testimonial to Mrs Chisholm’, Times, 8 Aug. 1853 (Caroline Chisholm Papers, Mitchell Library, SLNSW, ML Ac 19-2/15)

    27. The Emigrant’s Guide to Australia: With a Memoir of Mrs Chisholm (London: Clarke, Beeton & Co. [1853]), frontispiece, title page, pp. 36–7, 102–7

    28. Mrs Chisholm [Caroline Chisholm], Appendix to Emigration and Transportation Relatively Considered by Mrs Chisholm (London: John Olliver, 1847), pp. 22–8

    29. ‘Female Immigrants’, Argus, 2 Feb. 1849, p. 2

    30. ‘Orphan Immigration’, Argus, 4 Sept. 1849, p. 2

    31. ‘Orphan Immigrants’, Argus, 29 Apr. 1850, p. 2

    D. Women Settlers

    32. ‘Narrow Escape’, Moreton Bay Courier, 3 Oct. 1846, pp. 2–3

    33. Mrs R. Lee, Adventures in Australia or, the Wanderings of Captain Spencer in the Bush and the Wilds (London: Grant and Griffith, 1851), pp. 339–43, 359–60

    34. Louisa Atkinson, Gertrude the Emigrant: A Tale of Colonial Life by an Australian Lady (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1857), pp. 21–9

    35. Rosamund Hill and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), pp. 243–5 (difficulties with servants)

    36. C. F. Searle, ‘An Australian Heroine’, The Dawn, 1 June 1893, pp. 12–13

    37. Mrs Henry Jones of Binnum Binnum, Broad Outlines of Long Years in Australia (London: Samuel Tinsley & Co., 1878), pp. 149, 152–5

    38. Fanny Holder, Letters to Mrs Stokes, 1882 (manuscript) (1882 SLWA, ACC689A)

    39. Rosa Campbell Praed, ‘Out of My Grandmother’s Box’, My Australian Girlhood: Sketches and Impressions of Bush Life (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1902), Ch. III

    E. Missionaries and Travellers

    Good Works

    40. ‘Natives of South Australian: And Missions There’, The Juvenile Missionary Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 5, 1844, pp. 111–14

    41. ‘A Chinese Lady’, Ballarat Star, 26 Apr. 1864, p. 2

    42. Rosamund Hill and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), pp. 291–2 (benevolent asylum, women’s wards)

    43. ‘Heartrending Distress’, Ballarat Star, 15 Apr. 1864

    44. ‘Death of a Sister of Mercy’, WA Record 23 Nov. 1893, p. 8

    45. ‘The First Meeting of the Ladies’ Committee of the Paddington Benevolent Society’, Sydney Morning Herald, 12 Jan. 1899, p. 5

    46. ‘Missionary Exhibition at Bowral’, Sydney Morning Herald, 14 Jan. 1899, p. 12

    47. Brier Rose, ‘Useful Institutions in the Metropolis’, The Dawn, 5 Nov. 1889, p. 7

    48. Waif Wander, ‘The Dog Days’, Australian Journal, Apr. 1869, pp. 482–4


    49. Lydia Leavitt, Around the World (Toronto: James Murray [?1886–94]), p. 60 (comparison of Canadian and Australian girls)

    50. Alice Anne Montgomery, Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos, Glimpses of Four Continents: Letters Written During a Tour in Australia, New Zealand, & North America, in 1893 (London: John Murray, 1894), pp. 60–6

    Section F. Aboriginal Women and Empire

    51. William Granger, ‘Curious and Original Account of the Natives of New South Wales’, Granger’s Wonderful Museum, 1804, Vol. 2, pp. 814–22 (London: Hogg and Co., [?1803–8])

    52. ‘The Aborigines of Australia’, Port Phillip Christian Herald, 7 Mar. 1842, pp. 20–2

    53. ‘Yarra Aboriginal Mission’, Port Phillip Christian Herald, 4 June 1842, pp. 153–4

    54. ‘Yarra Aboriginal Mission’, Port Phillip Christian Herald, 4 July 1842, pp. 52–3

    55. ‘Tasmanian Aborigines’, extracted from Tasmanian Journal, 1846 in Tasmanian Athenaeum, Vol. 1, No. 3, Dec. 1853, pp. 86–9

    56. ‘The Aborigines of Western Australia’, Western Australian Church of England Magazine, Vol. 6, No. 10, Feb. 1868, pp. 25–32

    57. Iota, Kooroona: A Tale of South Australia (Oxford: Mowbray; London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1871), pp. 177–80, 187–91, 204–17

    58. Rosamund Hill and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), pp. 103–5 (description of elderly Aboriginal women)

    59. Anon., ‘A Word for the Blacks’, The Dawn, 1 Nov. 1897, p. 9

    G. The Australian Girl and the Australian Lady

    60. ‘Australia’, The Times, 15 June 1863, p. 6 (article on genteel ‘milkwoman’)

    61. ‘The News of the Day’, Age, 26 Dec. 1863, p. 4 (includes letter from Henrietta Dugdale; rejoinder to item no. 60)

    62. Mrs Henry Jones of Binnum Binnum, Broad Outlines of Long Years in Australia (London: Samuel Tinsley & Co., 1878), p. 164

    63. Harold Finch-Hatton, Advance Australia! An Account of Eight Years’ Work, Wandering, and Amusement, in Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria, 2nd edn. (London: W. H. Allen & Co, 1886), pp. 279–81

    64. ‘Muscular Development of Girls’, The Dawn, 5 Nov. 1889, p. 13

    65. ‘In Search of a Title: Adventures of an Australian Heiress’, WA Record, May 1893, p. 4

    66. ‘The Colonial Girl’, The Dawn, 1 June 1894, pp. 9–10

    67. Ethel Castilla, ‘An Australian Girl’, A Victorian Anthology, 1837–1895, ed. Clarence Stedman (Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1895), p. 632

    68. Mrs H. E. Russell, Joyce Martindale (London: Remington, 1894), pp. 6–8

    69. Ada Cambridge, A Humble Enterprise (London: Ward, Lock & Bowden, 1896), pp. 24–44

    H. Performances

    70. ‘Grand Amateur Performance … at the Theatre Royal’, Ballarat Star, 25 Apr. 1864, p. 3

    71. ‘Mrs Webster v. Morwitch’, Ballarat Star, 21 Apr. 1864, p. 3

    72. Rosamund Hill and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), p. 264 (Miss Martha Turner, religious celebrant)

    73. Rosamund Hill and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), p. 190–1 (young Aboriginal woman mimics/parodies Government House ladies)

    74. Millie Finkelstein, The Newest Woman (Melbourne: Sportsman, 1895), pp. 38–59

    75. [Ada Cambridge] Mrs Cross, ‘Triumph’, The Three Miss Kings (Melbourne: Melville Mullen & Slade, 1891), pp. 61–7

    I. Women and Imperial Law

    76. ‘Deserting a Wife’, Argus, 14 July 1849, p. 2

    77. ‘Assaulting a Bailiff’, Argus, 4 Sept. 1849, p. 2

    78. ‘Warra’, ‘Queensland Women’s Property Act’, The Dawn, 1 Oct. 1897, p. 10

    79. WA Register, 18 Jan. 1894, p. 9 (hanging of Mrs Knorr)

    J. Feminism and Empire

    80. Rosamund and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), p. 262 (women accidentally included on electoral roll)

    81. Sarah Welch, Mr Fumecrab’s Breakfast Table Lectures (Melbourne: M’Carron Bird, 1881), Lectures I–III

    Feminist Publishing and The Dawn

    82. ‘About Ourselves’, The Dawn, 15 May 1888, p. 1

    83. ‘To the Editress’, 15 May 1888, Supplement

    84. ‘To the Editress’, 1 May 1889, p. 24

    85. ‘Our Anniversary’, The Dawn, 1 May 1895, pp. 14–15

    86. ‘Let Our Girls Become Really Thorough Saleswomen’, The Dawn, 1 June 1889, p. 10

    87. ‘The Dawn Club: A Social Reform Club for Women’, The Dawn, 1 July 1889, p. 8

    88. ‘That Nonsensical Idea’, The Dawn, 5 June 1890, pp. 7–9

    89. ‘Women’s Business College’, The Dawn, 1 Sept. 1891, p. 22

    90. ‘The Enfranchisement of Women’, WA Record, 29 Oct. 1891, p. 8 (advertisement for Warner’s Pills)

    91. ‘An Unwomanly Woman’, WA Record, 28 Apr. 1892, p. 9 (‘anti-marriage’ talk denounced)

    92. ‘The New Woman’, The Dawn, 1 May 1899, p. 7

    93. ‘To Our Readers’, The Dawn, 1 Dec. 1899, p. 7 (women and war)

    Rose Scott and the NSW Suffrage Movement

    94. ‘Womanhood Suffrage League of New South Wales’, The Dawn, 1 Sept. 1896, p. 14

    95. ‘To the Commissioners for Taxation’ (Rose Scott Papers, Mitchell Library, SLNSW MLMSS 38)

    96. Rose Scott, Letter, 4 Dec. 1899 (Rose Scott Papers, Mitchell Library, SLNSW MLMSS 38)

    Suffrage in South Australia

    97. ‘A Petition Against the Present Bill for Granting Woman’s Suffrage’, South Australian Register, 23 Aug. 1894, p. 4

    98. ‘Delighted Women’, South Australian Register, 10 Apr. 1895, p. 5

    K. Imperial Homes, or Public Women?

    Domestic Empire

    99. Maud Jean Franc, Marian, or the Light of Someone’s Home, 2nd English edn. (Bath: Binns & Goodwin, [1859]), pp. 210–31.

    100. Walch’s Tasmanian Almanac (1870), p. 22 (women’s days at a Turkish baths)

    101. Iota, Kooroona: A Tale of South Australia (Oxford: Mowbray; London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1871), Ch. VIII, pp. 84–90 (employment of servants)

    102. Rosamund and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), p. 204 (presence of a lady ensures reproduction of English comfort and garden)

    103. Rosamund and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), pp. 184–5 (Aboriginal women’s domestic arrangements)

    104. ‘Girls as Housekeepers’, The Dawn, 3 Aug. 1889, p. 7

    105. ‘Gardening for Women’, The Dawn, 1 June 1891, p. 14

    106. Sarah Sparrow, ‘Hints on Gardening’, 1 Feb. 1898, p. 17

    Public Women

    107. Rosamund and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), p. 299–300

    108. Rosamund and Florence Hill, What We Saw in Australia (London: Macmillan, 1875), p. 267 (‘Doing the Block’—public promenade in Melbourne)

    109. [Ada Cambridge] Mrs Cross, The Three Miss Kings (Melbourne: Melville, Mullen & Slade, 1891), pp. 76–81, 99–104

    L. End of Empire?

    110. Mrs H. E. Russell, ‘The Federation of Australia’ (Sydney: Turner and Henderson, Printers, 1898) (poem/pamphlet)

    111. Elisabeth Boyd Bayly, Under the She-Oaks, 2nd edn. (London: The Religious Tract Society, [?1903]) (account of Jubilee celebrations in Australia and Queen Victoria’s death) (extracts)

    Volume II (new zealand)

    A. Imperial Views

    1. Thomas McDonnell, Extracts from Mr McDonnell’s MS Journal, Containing Observations on New Zealand (London: James Moyes, 1834), pp. 5–13

    2. Edward Gibbon Wakefield, The British Colonization of New Zealand: Being an Account of the Principles, Objects and Plans of the New Zealand Association, Together with Particulars Concerning the Position, Extent, Soil and Climate, Natural Production and Native Inhabitants of New Zealand (London: J. W. Parker, 1837), pp. 288–96

    B. Missionaries

    3. William Barrett Marshall, A Personal Narrative of Two Visits to New Zealand on His Majesty’s Ship Alligator, A.D. 1834 (London: Nisbet, 1836), pp. 51–4

    4. Journal of Eliza White, Monday 27 May 1833 and Sunday 21 Oct. 1833 (MET 11/2/2, John Kinder Theological Library, Auckland)

    5. Lady Martin, Our Maoris (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1884), pp. 209–17

    C. Migration

    6. Great Britain and Ireland: New Zealand Female Immigration (Further Papers Relative to the Affairs of New Zealand) (1851), pp. 14–15

    7. Mrs D. D. Muter, Travels and Adventures of an Officer’s Wife in India, China, and New Zealand, 2 vols. (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1864), Vol. II, pp. 207–9

    8. A Few Words to Emigrants’ Wives (London: Jarrold and Sons, c. 1870), pp. 13–22, 25–7, 30–2

    9. Mary A. Colclough, ‘Female Emigration to New Zealand’, The Times, 21 Apr. 1873, p. 6

    10. A. M. to Miss Lefroy, Imperial Colonist, IV, 39, Mar. 1905, p. 31

    11. Ellen W. Blackwell, ‘Pleasant Homes in the Roadless North’, Imperial Colonist, VI, 73, Jan. 1908, pp. 5–7

    12. A. Woodhouse, ‘New Zealand as a Field for Women’, Imperial Colonist, XI, 141, Oct. 1913, pp. 168–70

    13. Mrs McDonald, ‘Openings for Women in New Zealand’, Imperial Colonist, XVII, 207, June 1919, pp. 90–3

    D. Life in the Colony

    14. Lady Broome, ‘Colonial Memories: Old New Zealand. I’, Cornhill Magazine, Vol. 88, 1903, pp. 749–59

    15. Letters from Letter Book No. 1, pp. 101–4, 133–5, 280–3, 331–3, Women’s Migration and Oversea Appointments Society, Fawcett Society Library, Australian Joint Copying Project (microfilm reel m 468) (originals held at the Women’s Library, London Metropolitan University; ref. 1FME Records of the Female Middle Class Emigration Society):

    —From Miss I. M. Cary, Manor Lodge, Dunedin, to Miss Lewin, 18 Oct. 1863

    —From Miss Cary, Dunedin, to Dear Madam, 15 Sept. 1864

    —From Miss I. M. Cary, Wanganui, to Madam, 2 Oct. 1867

    —From Miss E. C. Brook, Dunedin, to Dear Madam, 20 Jan. 1869

    16. Emma Hardwick, ‘Write me a letter to-night, Love’, in Tom Bracken (ed.), Tom Bracken’s Annual, No. 2, 1897 (Dunedin, 1897), p. 21

    17. Mrs Robert Wilson, In the Land of the Tui: My Journal in New Zealand (London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company Ltd, 1894), pp. 45–9

    18. Mary Stuart Boyd, Our Stolen Summer: The Record of a Roundabout Tour (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1900), pp. 72–6

    19. Eileen O’Connell, ‘Such a Treasure!’, in A. R. Buckland (ed.), The Empire Annual for Girls (London, 1911), pp. 120–30

    20. A High School Girl, ‘Tent Life in the New Zealand Bush’, in A. R. Buckland (ed.), The Empire Annual for Girls (London, 1916), pp. 129–34

    21. Miss Roberts, ‘Fruit Farming in New Zealand’, Imperial Colonist, XX, 237, May 1922, pp. 74–5

    E. Suffrage

    The Campaign for the Vote

    22. Femmina [Mary Ann Muller], An Appeal to the Men of New Zealand (Nelson: J. Hounsell, 1869)

    23. ‘The Member for Auckland City on Women’s Suffrage’, Englishwoman’s Review, Vol. 67, 15 Nov. 1878, pp. 486–94

    24. E. M. Bourke/Mrs E. M. Dunlop, ‘The Question of Female Suffrage’, Zealandia, Vol. 1, No. 4, Oct. 1889, pp. 229–32

    Meaning/Success of Women’s Suffrage

    25. B. Borrmann Wells, ‘New Zealand’s Experience’, Political Equality Series, III, 6, c. 1907

    26. Lady Anna Stout, Woman Suffrage in New Zealand (London: The Woman’s Press, 1913)

    27. Dr Emily Hancock Siedeberg-McKinnon, What We Have Done with the Franchise (Wellington, c. 1925)

    Anti-Suffrage View

    28. Thomas Bracken, The Triumph of Woman’s Rights: A Prophetic Vision (Auckland: W. McCullough Printers, c. 1893), pp. 5–14

    29. A Woman Doctor, ‘Woman Suffrage in New Zealand: A Commentary’, and ‘Results of Woman Suffrage’, reprinted from the Anti-Suffrage Review, Oct. 1911 and Morning Post, 12 and 21 Oct. 1911 (New Zealand and Australia from an Anti-Suffrage Point of View (New York State Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage, New York City, c. 1912), pp. 2–5)

    F. Social Reform

    30. ‘Address by Lady Stout at the Inaugural Meeting of the Southern Cross Society’, (Wellington, 1895)


    31. Journal of Eliza White, 21 Oct. 1835 (MET 11/2/4, John Kinder Theological Library, Auckland)

    32. Miss Roberts, ‘Temperance Reform’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Fifth Session, Dunedin 3–12 May 1900 (Christchurch: Smith, Anthony, Sellars and Company Ltd, 1900), pp. 46–9

    33. Editorial, ‘A New Zealand Trafalgar Day’, White Ribbon, 16 Oct. 1905, pp. 6–7

    34. Mrs McDonald, ‘A Day in the Street Getting Signatures to the Six O’Clock Closing Petition’, White Ribbon, 18 Aug. 1916, pp. 3–4

    35. Elsie Gawith, ‘Palmerston North Scientific Temperance Competitions, 1916’, White Ribbon, 19 Mar. 1917, p. 4

    Citizenship and Civic Rights

    36. Mrs Nicol, ‘Women’s Disabilities’, White Ribbon, Jan. 1901, pp. 1–2

    37. A Woman, ‘The Domestic and Political Influence of Our Late Queen’, Press (Christchurch), 6 Feb. 1901, p. 4

    38. Mrs Margaret Sievwright, ‘The Removal of the Civil and Political Disabilities of Women’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Seventh Session, Napier 5–15 May 1902 (Gisborne: Gisborne Times Office, 1902), pp. 64–9

    39. Marian Judson, ‘Some General Principles of Good Citizenship’, White Ribbon, 18 July 1913, pp. 10–11

    40. ‘Police Women’, White Ribbon, Nov. 1916, pp. 9–11

    41. Elizabeth R. McCombs, Women and the Labour Movement (Wellington: The Labour Book Room, 1933)

    42. Christobel Robinson, ‘The Nationality of Married Women’, Tomorrow, 2 Jan. 1935, pp. 11–12; 9 Jan. 1935, pp. 14–15

    43. C. L. S and K. J. S., ‘Women—Left Turn!’, Tomorrow, 25 May 1938, pp. 473–6

    Contagious Diseases Act and Sex

    44. Mrs M. Steadman Aldis to Mrs Scatcherd, 23 Mar. 1888, reprinted in The Dawn: A Quarterly Sketch of the Progress of the Work of the British, Continental and General Federation for the Abolition of the State Regulation of Vice, 1 Aug. 1888, p. 9

    45. Mrs Ada Wells, ‘The C.D. Acts’, National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Third Session, Wellington 20–28 April 1898 (Wanganui: A. D. Willis, General Printer, 1898), pp. 36–8

    46. Ellice Hopkins, ‘An Appeal to the Women of New Zealand’, White Ribbon, Feb. 1902, pp. 1–2

    47. Dr Elizabeth Dunn, ‘Reasons Why Preventives Should Not Be Used’, White Ribbon, 18 Oct. 1912, pp. 13–14

    48. ‘White Slave Traffic: To the Men of New Zealand from the Women’s Christian Temperance Union of New Zealand’, White Ribbon, 18 June 1914, p. 13

    49. ‘Mrs Perryman’s Address on Much-Needed Social Reforms, Delivered at the Wanganui Convention on Tuesday Evening, March 21st’, White Ribbon, 18 May 1916, pp. 3–4

    50. Mrs R. A. (Mary) S— to Dr Stopes, 28 Mar. 1937, and Dr Stopes to Mrs R. A. S—, 29 Apr. 1937 (PP/MCS Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, A 310 New Zealand General Correspondence, Contemporary Medical Archives Collection, Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, Australian Joint Copying Project, microfilm reel m2573)

    Domestic Work

    51. Mrs F. E. Cotton, ‘Domestic Servants’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Fifth Session, Dunedin 3–12 May 1900 (Christchurch: Smith, Anthony, Sellars and Company Ltd, 1900), pp. 63–7

    52. Mrs Leo Myers, The Do-Little Dialogues on the Domestic Situation and its Solution (Auckland: Gordon & Gotch, 1912)


    53. Mrs George Shayle, Education of Girls: Read Before the Auckland Teachers’ Association, June 20th, 1874 (Auckland: Upton & Co., 1874), pp. 5–12

    54. Mrs Steadman Aldis, ‘The Present Development of Women’s Education in New Zealand’, Journal of Education, 1 Oct. 1893, pp. 543–5

    55. Dr F. C. Batchelor, Society for the Promotion of the Health of Women and Children. Addresses Delivered by Doctors F. C. Batchelor and Truby King at the Annual Meeting of the above Society, Held at Burns Hall, Wednesday, May 19, 1909 (Dunedin, 1909), pp. 4–10


    56. ‘Marriage of the Unfit’, White Ribbon, May 1910, pp. 1–2; June 1910, pp. 1–2

    57. ‘Dr Emily H. Siedeberg, ‘The Racial Instinct’, Evening Star (Dunedin), 22 July 1916

    Paid Work and Equal Pay

    58. ‘The Economic Independence of Married Women’, White Ribbon, May 1896, pp. 7–8

    59. Miss Jessie Mackay, ‘Equal Pay for Equal Work’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Seventh Session, Napier 5–15 May 1902 (Gisborne: Gisborne Times Office, 1902), pp. 32–8

    60. Ada S. Perry, ‘Women in Industry in New Zealand’, in Women of the Pacific: Being a Record of the Proceedings of the First Pan-Pacific Women’s Conference Which was Held in Honolulu from the 9th to the 19th of August 1928, Under the Auspices of the Pan-Pacific Union (Honolulu: Pan-Pacific Union, 1928), pp. 86–9

    61. Freda Cook, ‘The Position of Women’, Tomorrow, 11 Dec. 1935, pp. 10–11

    G. ‘Converting’ Maori Women into Imperial Sisters


    62. ‘Alien’, ‘The Girls of New Zealand’, Girl’s Realm, II, Dec. 1899, pp. 151–2

    63. ‘Hinemoa’s Swim’, School Journal, Pt. I, Vol. V, No. 10, Nov. 1911, pp. 154–63

    64. Florence A. Tapsell, ‘The Maoris’, in Little People in Far-Off Lands: Our Island Cousins (Australia, New Zealand, and Ceylon) (Leeds: E. J. Arnold and Son Ltd, c. 1921), pp. 18–25


    65. ‘Work Among Maoris’, White Ribbon, Nov. 1895, pp. 6–7

    66. ‘Ripoata Maori’ [Maori Report], White Ribbon, 17 Nov. 1911, pp. 4–6


    67. J. M., ‘Turakina Maori Girls’ School’, White Ribbon, 15 Jan. 1907, p. 5

    Julia, New Zealand’s Grace Darling

    68. ‘The New Zealand Grace Darling’, School Journal, Pt. II, Vol. III, No. 5, June 1909, pp. 66–9

    69. ‘The Story of a New Zealand Heroine’, White Ribbon, 18 Aug. 1913, p. 13

    The ‘Cost’ of ‘Civilization’

    70. Mary Stuart Boyd, Our Stolen Summer: The Record of a Roundabout Tour (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1900), pp. 80–5

    H. Fighting for Empire

    New Zealand Wars

    71. Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall, Our Empire Story: Stories of India and the Greater Colonies (London and Edinburgh: T. C. and E. C. Jack, 1908), pp. 229–37

    72. Jane Maria Atkinson to Margaret Taylor, 17 Jan. 1858, in Emily Richmond (ed.), Family Letters of the Richmonds and Atkinsons and Others (Wellington: Issued for Private Circulation by A. H. and A. W. Reed for Mary E. and Emily Richmond), pp. 20–3 (transcribed typescript)

    73. Maria Nicholson, New Plymouth, to her cousin Mrs Elizabeth Hall, England, 25 Mar. 1860 (Elizabeth Hall Papers, MS-0292, Hocken Collections, Dunedin) (transcribed typescript)

    74. Mrs Sarah H. Selwyn, Auckland, to M. A. P., 30 Aug. 1860, in Extracts of Letters from New Zealand on the War Questions; With an Article from the New Zealand Spectator of November 3rd, 1860 and a Copy of the Native Offenders’ Bill (London: F. J. Wilson, 1861), pp. 21–7

    75. Jane Maria Atkinson to Margaret Taylor, 5 Apr. 1861, in Emily Richmond (ed.), Family Letters of the Richmonds and Atkinsons and Others (Wellington: Issued for Private Circulation by A. H. and A. W. Reed for Mary E. and Emily Richmond), pp. 219–23 (transcribed typescript)

    76. Mrs D. D. Muter, Travels and Adventures of An Officer’s Wife in India, China, and New Zealand, 2 vols. (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1864), Vol. II, pp. 276–84

    Boer War

    77. A New Zealander [Mrs A. G. Hawdon], New Zealanders and the Boer War or Soldiers from the Land of the Moa (Christchurch: Gordon and Gotch, 1906), pp. 225–9, 231–2, 243–4

    78. ‘Our Real Foes’, White Ribbon, 16 June 1902, pp. 6–7

    The Great War

    79. ‘Patriotism and Imperialism’, White Ribbon, 18 Aug. 1913, pp. 1–3

    80. ‘The Otago and Southland Women’s Patriotic Association Recommend the Following Methods’ (Misc-MS-0640, Hocken Collections, Dunedin)

    81. A Nurse, ‘At Anzac in a Hospital Ship’, School Journal, Pt. III, Vol. X, No. 5, June 1916, pp. 154–9


    82. Elsie K. Morton, ‘The Mother’s Vision’, Along the Road: A Book of New Zealand Life and Travel (Auckland: Unity Press, 1929), pp. 227–31

    83. Elsie Freeman, ‘The Peace Front and the Women’, Tomorrow, 16 Aug. 1939, pp. 669–70

    Volume III (New Zealand)

    Part A. Africa and the Enlightenment: Gender, Sexuality, Race

    1. William Smith, A New Voyage to Guinea (1744), pp. 220–1

    2. C. P.Thunberg, Travels at the Cape of Good Hope (1772), pp. 28–30

    3. John Barrow, An Account of Travels into the Interior of Southern Africa in the Years 1797 and 1798 (London: T. Cadell Jun. and W. Davies, 1801), pp. 168–9

    4. Sarah Baartman, ‘Hottentot Venus’, The Times, 26 Nov. 1810

    5. ‘A Princess of Dama’ (photograph) (Alldridge Collection, 1870–90, Royal Commonwealth Society Library, Y30446F/18)

    6. ‘Swahili Girls’ (photograph) (A. C. Gomes and Sons, 1910) (Royal Commonwealth Society Collection, University of Cambridge Library, Y3047A/25)

    Part B. Anti-slavery

    7. Anthony Benezet, Some Historical Accounts of Guinea, and the General Disposition of its Inhabitants (1788), pp. 113–15

    8. Anonymous, ‘The Bereaved Mother’ (British Library, Anti-Slavery Collections)

    9. Mary Birkett, ‘The African Slave Trade’

    10. Mungo Park, Travels to the Interior Districts of Africa (1795), pp. 839, 844

    11. Anna Maria Falconbridge, Narrative of Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leone During the Years 1791–1793 (1794), pp. 23–5

    12. ‘Appeal to the Ladies of Great Britain’, British Emancipator, 1837

    13. Thomas Pringle, ‘Slavery at the Cape of Good Hope’, Anti-Slavery Monthly Reporter, No 20, 31 Jan., pp. 289–94

    Part C. Slavery

    West Africa

    14. Gold Coast Correspondence (1857) (Women Slave Owners, Anti-Slavery Papers, Rhodes House)

    15. Anna Hinderer, Seventeen Years in Yoruba Country (1855; 1877 edn.), pp. 143–7

    16. Anna Maria Falconbridge, Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leone (1794), pp. 224–8

    South Africa

    17. ‘The Life of Katie Jacobs, an Ex-Slave’ (A.P.O., official organ of the African Political Organization, 1910)

    North Africa and East Coast Slavery

    18. ‘Slave-Trading in Rhodesia’, Buluwayo Chronicle, 12 Dec. 1896

    Part D. Queen Victoria, Africa, and Slavery: Some Personal Associations

    19. Samuel Crowther, in E. Stock, History of the Church Missionary Society, Vol. 2 (account of his reception by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 1851), pp. 111–13

    20. F. Forbes, Dahomey and the Dahomans: Being the Journals of Two Missions to the King of Dahomey and Residence at his Capital in the Years 1840 and 1850, in An African Princess: Sarah Bonetta Forbes, Vol. 2 (1966), pp. 206–9

    21. ‘Mrs Ricks Visits the Queen’, Antigua Observer, 13 Aug. 1892

    Part E: Women and Missions

    West Africa

    22. Hannah Kilham, Memoir of the Late Hannah Kilham Chiefly Compiled and Edited by her Daughter-in-Law Sarah Biller (1837), pp. 178–81, 184–6

    23. Anna Hinderer, Seventeen Years in Yoruba Country (1877), pp. 110–11

    South Africa

    24. Photographic representations of Lovedale-Trained Mission Women: Tause Soga, Ntare Williams, and Martha Mzimbu (South Africa National Library, Cape Town)


    25. Bishop A. R. Tucker, Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa (Edward Arnold, 1908), Vol. 2, pp. 28–9

    26. Journal of Miss Edith Furley (Church Missionary Society Archives, 1895), pp. 8–14

    27. Mrs Ruth Fisher (née Hurditch), On the Borders of Pigmy-Land, 4th edn. (Marshall Brothers, 1905), pp. 71–3, 107–9

    Part F. Women’s Agency, Voices of Resistance, Imperial Postures

    West Africa

    28. An Address by T. Sylvestre Williams in Port of Spain Trinidad on 2 June 1901, Port of Spain Gazette (reprinted in the Federalist and Grenada People, 13 June 1901)

    29. Documents Concerning Women’s Unrest, 1925 (Calabar and Aba Archives, Nigeria)

    30. Adelaide Casely Hayford, ‘A School in West Africa’, Southern Workman, Oct. 1926

    East Africa

    31. F. Lugard, The Rise of Our East African Empire, A Visit to Frederick Lugard’s Camp by the Namasole, the Queen Mother of the Kabaka of Buganda (1894), pp. 470–1

    32. Marjorie Perham, East African Journey: Kenya and Tanganyika, 1929 and 1930 (1976), p. 61 (on woman chiefs in Tanganyika, 1929)

    Egypt: Women and Nationalism

    33. Harem Years: The Memoirs of an Egyptian Feminist, 1879–1924, ed. and trans. M. Badran (1986), pp. 112–14 (memoirs of Huda Sharawi)

    34. Letter from Esther Fahmy H. Wissa to Allenby (Foreign Office files, 1922)

    Southern Africa

    35. Sol Plaatje, Native Life in South Africa, Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion (London: P. S. King, 1916), pp. 91–7 (extract concerning coloured women protesting against the Pass Laws in 1913)

    Part G. Sexuality, Prostitution, and Regulation

    36. Anna Maria Falconbridge, Narrative of Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leone During the Years 1791–1793 (1794), pp. 56–8

    Part H. White Women and the Orient: The Nile and Egypt

    37. Mrs Eliza Fay, A Narrative of a Journey through Egypt (1779; 1925 edn.), pp. 75–81

    38. Miss Platt, Journal of a Tour through Egypt, the Peninsula of Sinai, and the Holy Land in 1838 and 1839 (Adam Matthew Microfilm, Vol. 1), pp. 55–7, 70–1, 213–17, 275–81

    39. Lady Duff Gordon, Letters from Egypt (Adam Matthew Microfilm), pp. 210–14

    Part I. On Trek in Southern Africa

    40. Alice Balfour, Twelve Hundred Miles in a Waggon, pp. 82–5, 47–51, 237–9

    41. Rose Blennerhassett and Lucy Sleeman, Adventures in Mashonaland, By Two Hospital Nurses (1893), pp. 90–8

    42. Dorothea Bleek, Diary (extract)

    Part J. White Women and Colonial Administrations

    West Africa

    43. ‘A Gold Coast Garden Party’ (photograph) (Alldridge Collection, Royal Commonwealth Society Library, 1870–1890)

    44. Mary Kingsley, ‘The Hut-tax in Africa’ (letter to the Spectator, 1898)

    45. Mary Kingsley to John Holt (private letters, 13 and 19 Mar. 1898) (Highgate Institute of Scientific and Literary Institute)

    46. ‘Mary Kingsley’, Journal of the African Society, No. 1, Oct. 1901, pp. 1–3 (editorial)

    47. Correspondence between Mary Slessor and ADC Ito, Nigeria, Sept. 1910 (Falk Papers, Rhodes House)

    48. Letters from Mrs Falk to her son (women’s unrest, Aba Division, Nigeria) (Falk Papers, Rhodes House, 1929), pp. 121–3

    South Africa

    49. Lady Barker, A Year’s Housekeeping in South Africa (London: Macmillan and Co., 1877), pp. 250–4

    50. Harriet Colenso, letter to Chesson, Secretary of the Aborigines Protection Society, 26 Aug. 1883; and letter to Colenso from Shinganwa and Undabuko (6 July 1895, Rhodes House Anti-Slavery Papers)

    Part K. Flora Shaw and Margery Perham

    51. Flora Shaw, Colonial Editor, The Times, 1 May 1896, p. 9 (leading article)

    52. Testimony of Flora Shaw, in Minutes of Evidence, Select Committee on British South Africa, 25 May 1897, Vol. 9, cols. 8810–935

    53. Flora Shaw, Colonial Editor, ‘Nigeria’, The Times, 8 Jan. 1897, p. 6

    54. Correspondence between Flora, later Lady Lugard, to Joseph Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Sept.–Nov. 1902

    56. Margery Perham, extracts from her diary of a visit to Somaliland via Aden, 1921 (Rhodes House, Perham Papers, 34/3, 9–12)

    Part L. The South African War 1899–1902

    56. Letter from Mrs Tibbie Steyn to her husband, in Karel Schoeman, In Liefde de Trou die lewe van president M. T. Steyn en mevrou Tibbie Steyn met ‘n keuse uit hulle korrespondensi’ (1987), pp. 53–7

    57. Mrs (General) de la Rey, A Woman’s Wanderings and Trials During the Anglo-Boer War (1903), pp. 47–9

    58. Mrs Dosia Bagot, Shadows of the War (London: Edward Arnold, 1900), pp. xi–xv

    59. Lady Briggs, The Staff Work of the Anglo-Boer War (1901), pp. 165–7

    Part M. Migration and Race

    60. Beatrice Hicks, The Cape as I Found It (London: Eliot Stock, 1900), pp. 1–3

    61. Isabel Fyvie Mayo, ‘The Hard Lot of Certain British Subjects’, Millgate Monthly, Vol. VI, Oct. 1910–Mar. 1911, pp. 362–9

    62. Introducing South Africa or Dialogue of Two Friends, by an Indian, Indian Opinion (1911) (extracts)

    63. The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, 1958–2000 (extracts)

    Part N. Trans-colonial Connections: Africa and Australia

    64. ‘Members of the South Australian Transvaal Nurses, 1900’ (Australian Archives, South Australia) (photograph)

    65. Mary Gaunt, Alone in West Africa (1912), pp. 2–5, 15–16

    66. Letter from Miss Sophie Dixon (1908) (Melbourne Girls Grammar School Notes, MGGS Archives)

    67. May Tilton (Nursing Sister with the Australian Imperial Force, 1915–18), The Grey Battalion, pp. 39–43

    68. Miss Moller’s diary, 1922 (Kenya, Branch Archives, Church Missionary Society-Victoria Australia) (account of the beginnings of Ngi’ya School) (extracts)

    Part O. South Africa: Networks of Women: Families, Friendship, and Feminism

    69. Mary Brown’s diary entries for 1873, pp. 27–9, 31

    70. Olive Schreiner, Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland (1897), 81–6

    71. The Voice of South African Women for a Lasting Peace (record of a public meeting held in Cape Town in July 1900) (Cape Archives), pp. 4–9

    72. Letter from Betty Molteno to her family in Cape Town, Dec. 1916, from Chronicle of the Family (privately printed volume for circulation among the Molteno, Murray, Bissett, and Beard families)

    Volume IV (India)

    Part A. Travel, Adventure, and Social Life

    1. Christina Sinclair Bremner, A Month in a Dandi (London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co., 1891), pp. 1–9, 106–9

    2. Harriot Georgina Blackwood, Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava, Our Viceregal Life (London: J. Murray, 1884), pp. 1–8, 11–21, 26–9

    3. Nora Beatrice Blyth Gardner, Rifle and Spear with the Rajpoots: Being the Narrative of a Winter’s Travel and Sport in Northern India (London: Chatto and Windus, 1895), pp. 49–54, 57

    4. Katherine Blanche Guthrie, Life in Western India (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1881), pp. 126–31

    5. John Oliver Hobbes (Mrs Pearl Mary Craigie), Imperial India: Letters from the East (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1903), pp. 6–11

    6. Mrs Robert Moss King, The Diary of A Civilian’s Wife in India, 1877–1882 (London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1884), pp. 26–33, 38–43, 70–5

    Part B. Philanthropy and Missionary Life

    7. Miss Abbott ‘Miss Abbott in India’, Life and Light for Woman, Feb. 1889, 80–2

    8. Mrs M. E. Bissell, ‘India: Evangelistic Efforts for the Women of India’, Life and Light for Women, Apr. 1893, 156–61

    9. Mary Carpenter, Six Months in India (London: Longmans, Green, 1868), pp. 52–5, 234–9

    10. Mrs Edward S. Hume, ‘India. Self-Offering’, Life and Light for Woman, Aug. 1891, 394–8

    11. Amanda Smith, An Autobiography: The Story of the Lord’s Dealings with Mrs Amanda Smith, The Colored Evangelist; Containing an Account of Her Life Work of Faith, and Her Travels in America, England, Ireland, Scotland, India and Africa, as an Independent Missionary (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1896), pp. 183–95

    12. Eva M. Swift, ‘To the Girls at Home, From One of the Girls’, Life and Light for Woman, Apr. 1889, 181–3

    13. Sarah Tucker, South India Sketches (London: J. Nisbet, 1843), pp. 1–17

    Part C. The Zenana and Women of Colour

    14. Milly Cattell, Behind the Purdah or, the Lives and Legends of our Hindu Sisters (Calcutta and Simla: Thacker, Spink & Co., 1916), pp. 1–11

    15. Priscilla Chapman, Hindoo Female Education (London: R. B. Seeley and W. Burnside, 1839), pp. 34–40

    16. Mrs Joseph Cook, ‘Gleams of Light in Benares’, Life and Light for Woman, Feb. 1893, 60–4

    17. Lucy Guinness, ‘Ramabai’, Woman’s Missionary Friend, Aug. 1898, 39–43

    18. Mrs Ada Lee, ‘A Day in the Zenana’, Woman’s Missionary Friend, Oct. 1898, 115–16

    19. Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati, The High-Caste Hindu Woman (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1901), pp. 40–69

    Part D. Military Experiences

    20. Ethel St Clair Grimwood, My Three Years in Manipur and Escape from the Recent Mutiny (London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1891), pp. 196–214

    21. Helen (Douglas) Mackenzie, Life in the Mission, the Camp and the Zenana, or Six Years in India, Vol. II (London: Bentley, 1853), pp. 1–7, 386–8

    22. Mrs Dunbar Douglas Muter, My Recollections of the Sepoy Revolt (1857–58) (London: John Long Limited, 1911), pp. 17–21, 32–41

    23. Georgiana Theodosia Fitzmoor-Halsey Paget, Camp and Cantonment: A Journal of Life in India in 1857–1859, With Some Account of the Way Thither (London: Longman Green, Roberts and Green, 1865), pp. 151, 153, 155

    24. Mary Weitbrecht, Missionary Sketches in North India with References to Recent Events (London: James Nisbet and Company, 1858), pp. 91–101

    Part E. Professional Lives in Medicine

    25. Winifred Heston, A Bluestocking in India: Her Medical Wards and Messages Home (London: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1910), pp. 9–11, 80–7, 112–16

    26. Catharine Grace Loch, A Memoir (London: Henry Frowde, 1905), pp. 36–7, 40–3, 48–51, 76–7

    27. Clara A. Swain, A Glimpse of India: Being a Collection of Extracts from the Letters of Dr Clara A. Swain, First Medical Missionary to India of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church in America (New York: James Pott & Company, 1909), pp. 129–33, 136–40, 150–5

    Part F. Literary Accounts of India

    28. Letitia Elizabeth Landon, The Zenana and Minor Poems (London: Fisher, 1839), pp. 1–17

    29. Sarojini Naidu, The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death and the Spring (London: William Heinemann, 1912), pp. 11–13, 22–5, 68–9

    30. Miss (Lady Morgan) Owenson, The Missionary: An Indian Tale, Vol. 1 (London: J. J. Stockdale, 1811), pp. 55–63, 208–13

    31. Florence Wagentreiber, Reminiscences of the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857 (Lahore: Samuel T. Weton, 1911), pp. 6–27

    Volume V (Canada)

    A. Imperial Sentiment

    1. ‘Patriotism versus Cosmopolitanism’, ‘Fidelis’ (Agnes Maule Machar), The Week, 7 Oct. 1886 (716)

    2. ‘Our Latent Loyalty’, Sara Jeannette Duncan, The Week, 26 May 1887 (418)

    3. ‘Imperial Sentiment in Canada’, Sara Jeannette Duncan, Indian Daily News, 7 Oct. 1896; rpt. Sara Jeannette Duncan: Selected Journalism, ed. Thomas E. Tausky (Ottawa: Tecumseh, 1978) (60–2)

    4. ‘Women of Canada—Historical Sketch’ and ‘The Home and Social Life of English-Speaking Canadian Women’, Lily Dougall, from Women of Canada, Their Life and Work (National Council of Women of Canada, 1900, rpt. NCWC 1975) (5–14) and (15–21)

    5. ‘Imperial Patriotism’, Miss Chitty, Imperial Colonist, Jan. 1904 (5–7) to Feb. 1904 (15–16)

    6. ‘Women’s Share in the Making of Empire’, Eveline Mitford, Imperial Colonist, Oct. 1912 (173–5)

    7. Britannia (A Play), Edith Lelean Groves (Toronto: McClelland, Goodchild and Stewart, 1917)

    B. Travel and Ethnography

    8. The Diary of Mrs John Graves Simcoe, wife of the first Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Upper Canada, 1792–6 (with notes and a biography by J. Ross Robertson) (Toronto: William Briggs, 1911)

    9. ‘Condition of the Indian Women’, from Winter Studies and Summer Rambles, Anna Brownell Jameson (London: Saunders and Otley, 1838)

    10. ‘An Uneventful Season’, from My Canadian Journal, 1872–1878, Lady Dufferin

    11. ‘Indian Women’, from Women of Canada, Their Life and Work (National Council of Women of Canada, 1900, rpt. 1975)

    12. A Social Departure: How Orthodocia and I Went Round the World by Ourselves, Sara Jeannette Duncan (London: Chatto and Windus, 1890)

    13. West-Nor-West, Jessie M. Saxby (London: James Nisbet, 1890)

    14. The Impressions of Janey Canuck Abroad, Emily Murphy (Toronto, 1902)

    15. ‘A Pagan in St Paul’s Cathedral: Iroquois Poetess’ Impressions in London’s Cathedral’, The Moccasin Maker, E. Pauline Johnson (Toronto: Ryerson, 1913) (139–43)

    16. Julia and I in Canada, Anne Topham (Toronto: McClelland, Goodchild and Stewart, 1914 [?])

    17. My Canada, Elinor Marsden Eliot (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1915)

    18. My Canadian Memories, S. MacNaughton (New York: Dutton, 1921)

    C. Emigration

    19. ‘Female Emigration’, 1850

    20. Roughing It in the Bush, or Life in Canada, Susanna Moodie, Introduction (3–7) (London, 1852) (from Centre for Editing Early Canadian Texts, ed. Carl Ballstadt (Ottawa: Carleton Univ. Press, 1990)

    21. The Canadian Settler’s Guide, Catharine Parr Traill, Preface (xvii–xix) and Introductory Remarks (1–13) (Toronto, 1855) (from New Canadian Library, ed. Clara Thomas (Toronto and Montreal: McClelland and Stewart, 1969)

    22. What Women Say of the Canadian North-West. A Simple Statement of the Experiences of Women Settled in All Parts of Manitoba and the North-West Territories (Canadian Pacific Railway, 1886): ‘Shall the Family Accompany the Settler?’ (3–5) and ‘Are you Contented?’ (43–8)

    23. ‘The Empire of Larger Hope’, Agnes Deans Cameron, Canada West, July 1907 (348–56)

    24. ‘Canada—the Hope of the World: An English Lady’s Opinion of the Opportunities of the West’, Mrs Walter Parlby, Calgary Daily Herald supplement ‘Why Go to Canada’, June 1910

    25. A Woman in Canada, Mrs George Cran, Foreword (9–24) and ‘The Fly in the Ointment’ (247–66) (London: John Milne, 1910)

    26. A Home-Help in Canada, 2nd edn, Ella C. Sykes, Preface (vii–xi) and ‘Openings in Canada for Educated Women’ (222–83) (London: Smith, Elder, 1913)

    27. Ventures with the Empire: To Women of the XX Century, Ellen Joyce (printed Warren and Son, Winchester, 1913)

    28. Daughters of the Empire, Margaret H. Irwin (reprinted from The British Empire Review)

    29. Canada and the British Immigrant, Emily P. Weaver, ‘The Woman Canada Needs’ (258–75) (London: Religious Tract Society, 1914)

    30. ‘Women of the West’, Elizabeth Mitchell, In Western Canada Before the War: Impressions of Early Twentieth Century Prairie Communities (99–105)

    D. Women’s Work for Empire: Institutions, Ideology, Citizenship

    31. ‘The B.P. Girl Guides’, Marjorie Jarvis, Everywoman’s World, 14 Jan. 1911 (16)

    32. ‘The Origin of Empire Day: What One Canadian Woman Accomplished on Behalf of Her Country’, Mary Morrison, Canadian Courier, 20 May 1911

    33. ‘Thirty Years of Girls’ Friendly Society Imperial Work’, Ellen Joyce, Imperial Colonist, Aug. 1912 (138–41) to Sept. 1912 (152–6)

    34. ‘Marriage and Nationality’, Francis Marion Beynon, The Grain Growers’ Guide, 30 Sept. 1914 (1108)

    35. ‘Canadian Women Help the Empire’, Lucy Swanton Doyle, Everywoman’s World, Nov. 1914 (8, 32)

    36. ‘Some Thoughts on the Suffrage in Canada’, Adelaide M. Plumptre, The New Era in Canada: Essays Dealing with the Upbuilding of the Canadian Commonwealth, ed. J. O. Miller (London: Dent, 1917) (303–30)

    37. ‘Naturalization’, Nellie L. McClung, Western Home Monthly, Oct. 1921 (3)

    38. ‘The School Library in Alberta’, Emily Murphy, Canada Monthly

    39. ‘The Attainment of an Ideal’, The Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire: Golden Jubilee 1900–1950 (IODE, 1950)


    Cheryl Cassidy is Professor in the department of English Language and Literature, Eastern Michigan University, USA. Her publications include Dying in the Light: The Rhetoric of Nineteenth-Century Female Obituaries.

    Caroline Daley is Associate Professor in the department of History at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. She is the author of Leisure & Pleasure: Reshaping & Revealing the New Zealand Body 1900–1960; Girls and Women, Men and Boys: Gender in Taradale 1886-1930; and co-editor of The Gendered Kiwi and Suffrage & Beyond: International Feminist Perspectives.

    Elizabeth Dimock is Honorary Research Associate & Seminar Convenor, African Research Institute, & History Program, Humanities and Social Sciences, La Trobe University, Australia.

    Susan K Martin is an Associate Professor in the English program at La Trobe University, Australia. She is co-author of Reading the Garden: the Settlement of Australia, and co-editor of Green Pens: an Anthology of Australian Garden Writing.