1st Edition

Women and Empire 1750-1939 Volume III: Africa

Edited By Elizabeth Dimock Copyright 2009

    First published in 2008. Women and Empire, 1750-1939 functions to extend significantly the range of the History of Feminism series (co-published by Routledge and Edition Synapse), bringing together the histories of British and American women's emancipation, represented in earlier sets, into juxtaposition with histories produced by different kinds of imperial and colonial governments. The alignment of writings from a range of Anglo-imperial contexts reveals the overlapping histories and problems, while foregrounding cultural specificities and contextual inflections of imperialism. The volumes focus on countries, regions, or continents formerly colonized (in part) by Britain: Volume I: Australia, Volume II: New Zealand, Volume III: Africa, Volume IV: India, Volume V: Canada. Perhaps the most novel aspect of this collection is its capacity to highlight the common aspects of the functions of empire in their impact on women and their production of gender, and conversely, to demonstrate the actual specificity of particular regional manifestations. Concerning questions of power, gender, class and race, this new Routledge-Edition Synapse Major Work will be of particular interest to scholars and students of imperialism, colonization, women's history, and women's writing.

    Volume III (Africa), Part A. Africa and the Enlightenment: Gender, Sexuality, Race

    1. William Smith, A New Voyage to Guinea (1744), pp. 220-1

    2. C. P.Thunberg, Travels at the Cape of Good Hope (1772), pp. 28-30

    3. John Barrow, An Account of Travels into the Interior of Southern Africa in the Years 1797 and 1798 (London: T. Cadell Jun. and W. Davies, 1801), pp. 168-9

    4. Sarah Baartman, 'Hottentot Venus', The Times, 26 Nov. 1810

    5. 'A Princess of Dama' (photograph) (Alldridge Collection, 1870-90, Royal Commonwealth Society Library, Y30446F/18)

    6. 'Swahili Girls' (photograph) (A. C. Gomes and Sons, 1910) (Royal Commonwealth Society Collection, University of Cambridge Library, Y3047A/25)

    Part B. Anti-slavery

    7. Anthony Benezet, Some Historical Accounts of Guinea, and the General Disposition of its Inhabitants (1788), pp. 113-15

    8. Anonymous, 'The Bereaved Mother' (British Library, Anti-Slavery Collections)

    9. Mary Birkett, 'The African Slave Trade'

    10. Mungo Park, Travels to the Interior Districts of Africa (1795), pp. 839, 844

    11. Anna Maria Falconbridge, Narrative of Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leone During the Years 1791-1793 (1794), pp. 23-5

    12. 'Appeal to the Ladies of Great Britain', British Emancipator, 1837

    13. Thomas Pringle, 'Slavery at the Cape of Good Hope', Anti-Slavery Monthly Reporter, No 20, 31 Jan., pp. 289-94

    Part C. Slavery

    West Africa

    14. Gold Coast Correspondence (1857) (Women Slave Owners, Anti-Slavery Papers, Rhodes House)

    15. Anna Hinderer, Seventeen Years in Yoruba Country (1855; 1877 edn.), pp. 143-7

    16. Anna Maria Falconbridge, Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leone (1794), pp. 224-8

    South Africa

    17. 'The Life of Katie Jacobs, an Ex-Slave' (A.P.O., official organ of the African Political Organization, 1910)

    North Africa and East Coast Slavery

    18. 'Slave-Trading in Rhodesia', Buluwayo Chronicle, 12 Dec. 1896

    Part D. Queen Victoria, Africa, and Slavery: Some Personal Associations

    19. Samuel Crowther, in E. Stock, History of the Church Missionary Society, Vol. 2 (account of his reception by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 1851), pp. 111-13

    20. F. Forbes, Dahomey and the Dahomans: Being the Journals of Two Missions to the King of Dahomey and Residence at his Capital in the Years 1840 and 1850, in An African Princess: Sarah Bonetta Forbes, Vol. 2 (1966), pp. 206-9

    21. 'Mrs Ricks Visits the Queen', Antigua Observer, 13 Aug. 1892

    Part E: Women and Missions

    West Africa

    22. Hannah Kilham, Memoir of the Late Hannah Kilham Chiefly Compiled and Edited by her Daughter-in-Law Sarah Biller (1837), pp. 178-81, 184-6

    23. Anna Hinderer, Seventeen Years in Yoruba Country (1877), pp. 110-11

    South Africa

    24. Photographic representations of Lovedale-Trained Mission Women: Tause Soga, Ntare Williams, and Martha Mzimbu (South Africa National Library, Cape Town)


    25. Bishop A. R. Tucker, Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa (Edward Arnold, 1908), Vol. 2, pp. 28-9

    26. Journal of Miss Edith Furley (Church Missionary Society Archives, 1895), pp. 8-14

    27. Mrs Ruth Fisher (nee Hurditch), On the Borders of Pigmy-Land, 4th edn. (Marshall Brothers, 1905), pp. 71-3, 107-9

    Part F. Women's Agency, Voices of Resistance, Imperial Postures

    West Africa

    28. An Address by T. Sylvestre Williams in Port of Spain Trinidad on 2 June 1901, Port of Spain Gazette (reprinted in the Federalist and Grenada People, 13 June 1901)

    29. Documents Concerning Women's Unrest, 1925 (Calabar and Aba Archives, Nigeria)

    30. Adelaide Casely Hayford, 'A School in West Africa', Southern Workman, Oct. 1926

    East Africa

    31. F. Lugard, The Rise of Our East African Empire, A Visit to Frederick Lugard's Camp by the Namasole, the Queen Mother of the Kabaka of Buganda (1894), pp. 470-1

    32. Marjorie Perham, East African Journey: Kenya and Tanganyika, 1929 and 1930 (1976), p. 61 (on woman chiefs in Tanganyika, 1929)

    Egypt: Women and Nationalism

    33. Harem Years: The Memoirs of an Egyptian Feminist, 1879-1924, ed. and trans. M. Badran (1986), pp. 112-14 (memoirs of Huda Sharawi)

    34. Letter from Esther Fahmy H. Wissa to Allenby (Foreign Office files, 1922)

    Southern Africa

    35. Sol Plaatje, Native Life in South Africa, Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion (London: P. S. King, 1916), pp. 91-7 (extract concerning coloured women protesting against the Pass Laws in 1913)

    Part G. Sexuality, Prostitution, and Regulation

    36. Anna Maria Falconbridge, Narrative of Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leone During the Years 1791-1793 (1794), pp. 56-8

    Part H. White Women and the Orient: The Nile and Egypt

    37. Mrs Eliza Fay, A Narrative of a Journey through Egypt (1779; 1925 edn.), pp. 75-81

    38. Miss Platt, Journal of a Tour through Egypt, the Peninsula of Sinai, and the Holy Land in 1838 and 1839 (Adam Matthew Microfilm, Vol. 1), pp. 55-7, 70-1, 213-17, 275-81

    39. Lady Duff Gordon, Letters from Egypt (Adam Matthew Microfilm), pp. 210-14

    Part I. On Trek in Southern Africa

    40. Alice Balfour, Twelve Hundred Miles in a Waggon, pp. 82-5, 47-51, 237-9

    41. Rose Blennerhassett and Lucy Sleeman, Adventures in Mashonaland, By Two Hospital Nurses (1893), pp. 90-8

    42. Dorothea Bleek, Diary (extract)

    Part J. White Women and Colonial Administrations

    West Africa

    43. 'A Gold Coast Garden Party' (photograph) (Alldridge Collection, Royal Commonwealth Society Library, 1870-1890)

    44. Mary Kingsley, 'The Hut-tax in Africa' (letter to the Spectator, 1898)

    45. Mary Kingsley to John Holt (private letters, 13 and 19 Mar. 1898) (Highgate Institute of Scientific and Literary Institute)

    46. 'Mary Kingsley', Journal of the African Society, No. 1, Oct. 1901, pp. 1-3 (editorial)

    47. Correspondence between Mary Slessor and ADC Ito, Nigeria, Sept. 1910 (Falk Papers, Rhodes House)

    48. Letters from Mrs Falk to her son (women's unrest, Aba Division, Nigeria) (Falk Papers, Rhodes House, 1929), pp. 121-3

    South Africa

    49. Lady Barker, A Year's Housekeeping in South Africa (London: Macmillan and Co., 1877), pp. 250-4

    50. Harriet Colenso, letter to Chesson, Secretary of the Aborigines Protection Society, 26 Aug. 1883; and letter to Colenso from Shinganwa and Undabuko (6 July 1895, Rhodes House Anti-Slavery Papers)

    Part K. Flora Shaw and Margery Perham

    51. Flora Shaw, Colonial Editor, The Times, 1 May 1896, p. 9 (leading article)

    52. Testimony of Flora Shaw, in Minutes of Evidence, Select Committee on British South Africa, 25 May 1897, Vol. 9, cols. 8810-935

    53. Flora Shaw, Colonial Editor, 'Nigeria', The Times, 8 Jan. 1897, p. 6

    54. Correspondence between Flora, later Lady Lugard, to Joseph Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Sept.-Nov. 1902

    56. Margery Perham, extracts from her diary of a visit to Somaliland via Aden, 1921 (Rhodes House, Perham Papers, 34/3, 9-12)

    Part L. The South African War 1899-1902

    56. Letter from Mrs Tibbie Steyn to her husband, in Karel Schoeman, In Liefde de Trou die lewe van president M. T. Steyn en mevrou Tibbie Steyn met 'n keuse uit hulle korrespondensi' (1987), pp. 53-7

    57. Mrs (General) de la Rey, A Woman's Wanderings and Trials During the Anglo-Boer War (1903), pp. 47-9

    58. Mrs Dosia Bagot, Shadows of the War (London: Edward Arnold, 1900), pp. xi-xv

    59. Lady Briggs, The Staff Work of the Anglo-Boer War (1901), pp. 165-7

    Part M. Migration and Race

    60. Beatrice Hicks, The Cape as I Found It (London: Eliot Stock, 1900), pp. 1-3

    61. Isabel Fyvie Mayo, 'The Hard Lot of Certain British Subjects', Millgate Monthly, Vol. VI, Oct. 1910-Mar. 1911, pp. 362-9

    62. Introducing South Africa or Dialogue of Two Friends, by an Indian, Indian Opinion (1911) (extracts)

    63. The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, 1958-2000 (extracts)

    Part N. Trans-colonial Connections: Africa and Australia

    64. 'Members of the South Australian Transvaal Nurses, 1900' (Australian Archives, South Australia) (photograph)

    65. Mary Gaunt, Alone in West Africa (1912), pp. 2-5, 15-16

    66. Letter from Miss Sophie Dixon (1908) (Melbourne Girls Grammar School Notes, MGGS Archives)

    67. May Tilton (Nursing Sister with the Australian Imperial Force, 1915-18), The Grey Battalion, pp. 39-43

    68. Miss Moller's diary, 1922 (Kenya, Branch Archives, Church Missionary Society-Victoria Australia) (account of the beginnings of Ngi'ya School) (extracts)

    Part O. South Africa: Networks of Women: Families, Friendship, and Feminism

    69. Mary Brown's diary entries for 1873, pp. 27-9, 31

    70. Olive Schreiner, Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland (1897), 81-6

    71. The Voice of South African Women for a Lasting Peace (record of a public meeting held in Cape Town in July 1900) (Cape Archives), pp. 4-9

    72. Letter from Betty Molteno to her family in Cape Town, Dec. 1916, from Chronicle of the Family (privately printed volume for circulation among the Molteno, Murray, Bissett, and Beard families)


    Cheryl Cassidy is Professor in the department of English Language and Literature, Eastern Michigan University, USA. Her publications include Dying in the Light: The Rhetoric of Nineteenth-Century Female Obituaries. Caroline Daley is Associate Professor in the department of History at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. She is the author of Leisure & Pleasure: Reshaping & Revealing the New Zealand Body 1900-1960; Girls and Women, Men and Boys: Gender in Taradale 1886-1930; and co-editor of The Gendered Kiwi and Suffrage & Beyond: International Feminist Perspectives. Elizabeth Dimock is Honorary Research Associate & Seminar Convenor, African Research Institute, & History Program, Humanities and Social Sciences, La Trobe University, Australia. Susan K Martin is an Associate Professor in the English program at La Trobe University, Australia. She is co-author of Reading the Garden: the Settlement of Australia, and co-editor of Green Pens: an Anthology of Australian Garden Writing.