Women and Political Inequality in Japan
Gender Imbalanced Democracy
- Available for pre-order. Item will ship after December 17, 2020
Why are there so few Japanese women involved in the political system?
In 2019 Japanese women made up 10% of the national Lower House, 21% of the Upper House, and 13% of local assemblies. According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this places Japan 164th out of 193 countries when it comes to women’s representation in the legislature. The percentage of women in the Lower House has only increased by fewer than two percentage points since women gained full suffrage and the right to stand for election in Japan in 1946. Eto analyses the various factors which have led to women’s low presence in the Japanese legislature. She evaluates ways in which it might be possible for Japan to catch up and in doing so examines the ways in which Japanese society continues to perpetuate gender-rigid expectations of men and women.
A valuable study both for scholars of Japanese politics and society, and for readers with an interest in the broader issue of the representation of women in politics.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. What Influences the Legislative Representation of Women? 3. Gender Culture in Japanese Socio-Politics 4. A Japanese Gender-Biased Welfare State 5. Effects of Japan’s Electoral System on Women’s Candidacy and Winning 6. Women in Japanese Party Politics 7. State-Initiated Positive Plans for Women’s Representation 8. Conclusion
Mikiko Eto is Professor of Political Science at Hosei University, Japan.