In the last decade there has been growing international concern about the increasing numbers of women in prison, the effects that imprisonment has on their children, the realisation that gaoled women have different criminal profiles and rehabilitative needs to male prisoners, and the seeming intractability of the associated problems. In response there has been an overarching policy concern in many countries to fashion and co-ordinate gender-specific policies towards female offenders which aim both to slow down the rate of their offending and/or imprisonment, and also to engender flexible programmes which will reduce the time spent in custody and/or away from their young children. The major objective of this book is to describe and analyse contemporary opportunities for, and barriers to, both the reduction of female prison populations and the reduction of the pain of those women who continue to be imprisoned. It assesses the most important recent attempts to reduce both women's imprisonment and the damage it does, identifying and analyzing cross-jurisdiction and gender-specific lessons to be learned, and the unexpected consequences of some of the reform strategies. This book brings together leading scholars and practitioners in the field, providing a critique of the reform initiatives which have taken place, and a much-needed theorization of cross-national policy in this area. It will be essential reading for all with an interest in prisons and prison reform.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Lord Ramsbotham Introduction Part 1: Context 1. Women's imprisonment: penal, social or political crisis? Pat Carlen 2. Women's imprisonment: the making of a penal crisis, Anne Worrall 3. Gender issues? Women's imprisonment: gender issues in penal theory and jurisprudence, Barbara Hudson Part 2: Practice 4. A caring prison: opportunities for and limits to reform, Kate Donnegan 5. A gender-wise prison? Opportunities for and limits to reform, Kate De Cou 6. A gender-sensitive programme for women offenders, Jenny Roberts 7. The Women at Risk programme 8. Women's imprisonment: cross-national lessons, Pat Carlen Part 3: Critique 9. Young women and prostitution policy: new discourses, same old story, Jo Phoenix 10. Time to think again about cognitive-behavioural programmes, Kathleen Kendall 11. Creating choices? Reflecting on the choices, Kelly Hannah-Moffat 12. Women's imprisonment: barriers to reform, Jackie Lowthian 13. Penal politics and the new vocabularies of expert and common-sense knowledge, Pat Carlen
Pat Carlen is Visiting Professor at the Universities of Kent and Westminster, Editor-in-Chief of the British Journal of Criminology, founder of the Keele Criminology Department, co-founder of the campaigning group Women in Prison and has published 17 books and many articles on criminal and social justice.