This book explores the life, scholarly oeuvre and intellectual connections of the significant "first generation" Hungarian female psychoanalysts, situating their lives within the wider context of social history and the history of psychoanalysis.
Budapest was one of the main centres of psychoanalysis in the early 20th century – in a period which was also central regarding women’s changing roles and possibilities. Favourable social circumstances met a new, freshly developing profession’s need for receptive followers regardless of their sex. This book shines a light on the social and professional factors on the life and work of these first women psychoanalysts, examining documentary evidence of their lives and drawing upon the literature of psychoanalysis, social history, and gender studies. Through their life stories, not only the history of psychoanalysis, but also the processes of 20th-century women’s history and social-political developments in Hungary and the region can be reconstructed. Key psychoanalysts explored include Lilly Hajdu, Edit Gyömrői, Alice Bálint, Vilma Kovács, Lillián Rotter and twelve further women analysts.
This important book will be of interest to researchers in gender studies, the history of psychoanalysis, women’s and gender history, and Eastern European history.
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgements
Chapter One: Psychoanalysis in Hungary
Chapter Two: Women in the Budapest School of Psychoanalysis
Chapter Three: From the Galileo Circle to the Pavlov Committee: Lilly Hajdu
Chapter Four: Against the Current: Edit Gyömrői
Chapter Five: Attachment and a Sense of Reality: Alice Bálint
Chapter Six: The "Guardian Angel" of Hungarian Psychoanalysis: Vilma Kovács
Chapter Seven: Child Development and Female Sexuality: Lillián Rotter
Chapter Eight: A Promising Talent: Erzsébet Kardos
Chapter Nine: Further Portraits
Klára G. Lázár
Chapter Ten: Conclusions
Anna Borgos is a psychologist and women’s historian, working as a research fellow in the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Budapest. She holds a PhD in psychology from the University of Pécs. She is the editor in chief of the Hungarian psychoanalytic journal, Imágó Budapest. She has published several books and articles in Hungarian women’s history, mostly connecting to literature, psychoanalysis and sexuality. Most recently she co-edited a volume with Ferenc Erős and Júlia Gyimesi, Psychology and Politics: Intersections of Science and Ideology in the History of Psy-Sciences (2019).