First published in 1995, this book provides a readable survey of the three major forms of working-class self-help in nineteenth century England: the trade unions, the friendly societies and the co-operative movement. It is accessible to an introductory student readership as well as providing a critical appraisal of all types and forms of self-help available to the industrial working-class. Unlike former studies, the author examines trade unionism alongside friendly societies and the co-operative movement and shows how each developed in response to the challenge of industrialization and the demands of urban industrial life. The strengths and limitations of self-help approaches are assessed and wider issues of working-class culture and identity are examined.
This book will be of interest to those studying the history of social welfare, class and industrial Britain.
Preface; Introduction; Part One: The friendly societies; 1. Friendly societies in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries 2. The growth of the affiliated and other societies 3. Friendly societies after 1875; Part Two: The trade unions; 4. The early days of trade unions 1780-1825 5. Legal but under suspicion 1825-1850 6. Model Unionism and respectability 1850-1880 7. New unionism and new outlooks 1880-1900 8. The political and industrial scene 1900-1914; Part Three: The co-operative movement; 9. Before Rochdale 10. Rochdale and after: the Modern Movement; Conclusions; Select Bibliography; Index
This set of 25 volumes, originally published between 1805 and 1992, amalgamates original nineteenth-century material and more recent research and analysis on the development of social welfare in Britain and Europe. From Elizabethan poor relief, through the Poor Laws of the nineteenth-century, to the establishment of the British National Health Service in the mid twentieth-century, this set provides a comprehensive overview of the germination and establishment of modern social welfare. Although the set mainly focuses on social welfare in Britain, it also contains some work on welfare in Europe.
This set will be of keen interest to those studying the history of social welfare, social policy, poverty and class.