Between 1961 and 1983, Turkish agriculture was subject to negative protection as a result of indirect measures, such as macroeconomic policies and industrial protection. Until the early 1980s, Turkey maintained an overvalued exchange rate, which served as an implicit tax on Turkish farmers. This policy was changed in 1982 when Turkey allowed its
Table of Contents
Introduction -- Agricultural Trade: Future Issues -- Medium-term FAPRI Outlook for World Agricultural Prices: Comparisons and Implications -- A Social Science Fiction: Future Directions of European Agricultural Policy -- Wheat in China: Supply Trends in the Reform Era -- Iranian Wheat Policy: Implications for Trade -- A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Wheat Policy in Turkey -- International Trade Agreements: Some Prospects for Turkish Agriculture -- The "Restaurant-table" Effect: Europe and the Common Agricultural Policy -- Agricultural Trade Prospects for Turkey with Central and Eastern European Countries and the Russian Federation -- World Durum Wheat Trade: Competitiveness and Outlook -- The Uruguay Round: Implications for Turkish Agriculture -- Food Security Issues in Turkey -- State Trading, Trade Distortions and GATT -- Export Subsidies and State Trading: Theory and Application to Canadian Wheat -- Plans and Adjustment: A Structuralist Approach to Modeling Grain Importer Behavior -- State Trading Exporters and the World Trade Organization: What Are the Rules?