Since its inception, anthropology's authority has been based on the assumption that it is a unified discipline emanating from the West. In an age of heightened globalization, anthropologists have failed to discuss consistently the current status of their practice and its mutations across the globe. World Anthropologies is the first book to provoke this conversation from various regions of the world in order to assess the diversity of relations between regional or national anthropologies and a contested, power-laden Western discourse. Can a planetary anthropology cope with both the 'provincial cosmopolitanism' of alternative anthropologies and the 'metropolitan provincialism' of hegemonic schools? How might the resulting 'world anthropologies' challenge the current panorama in which certain allegedly national anthropological traditions have more paradigmatic weight - and hence more power - than others? Critically examining the international dissemination of anthropology within and across national power fields, contributors address these questions and provide the outline for a veritable world anthropologies project.
Table of Contents
1. World Anthropologies: Disciplinary Transformations within Systems of Power Gustavo Lins Ribeiro and Arturo EscobarPart 1: Transnationalism and State Power2. Reshaping Anthropology: A View from Japan Shinji Yamashita3. Transformations in Siberian Anthropology: An Insider's Perspective Nikolai Vakhtin4. In Search of Anthropology in China: A Discipline Caught in a Web of Nation Building, Socialist Capitalism, and Globalization Josephine Smart5. Mexican Anthropology's Ongoing Search for Identity Esteban KrotzPart 2: Power and Hegemony in World Anthropologies6. How Many Centers and Peripheries in Anthropology? A Critical View of France Eduardo P. Archetti7. The Production of Knowledge and the Production of Hegemony: Anthropological Theory and Political Struggles in Spain Susana Narotzky8. Anthropology in a Postcolonial Africa: The Survival Debate Paul Nchoji NkwiPart 3: Epistemological, Sociological, and Disciplinary Predicaments9. Generating Nontrivial Knowledge in Awkward Situations: Anthropology in the United Kingdom Eeva Berglund10. The Production of Other Knowledges and Its Tensions: From Andeanist Anthropology to Interculturalidad? Marisol de la Cadena11. A Time and Place beyond and of the Center: Australian Anthropologies in the Process of Becoming Sandy Toussaint12. Official Hegemony and Contesting Pluralisms Shiv VisvanathanPart 4: From Anthropology Today to World Anthropologies13. The Pictographics of Tristesse: An Anthropology of Nation Building in the Tropics and Its Aftermath Otavio Velho14. "World Anthropologies": Questions Johannes Fabian
Gustavo Lins Ribeiro is Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Brasilia, Brazil, and Researcher of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Brazil. Arturo Escobar is Kenan Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and Director, Institute of Latin American Studies, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, USA; he is also Research Associate at the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and History, ICANH, in Bogota