World Christianity  book cover
1st Edition

World Christianity

ISBN 9780415468275
Published November 8, 2010 by Routledge
1904 Pages

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Book Description

Two-thirds of the world's Christians live in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and this new interdisciplinary Routledge Major Work brings together specialist contributions from around the world, from Europe and North America as well as from the developing world, to present a collection that truly represents World Christianity. It includes Pentecostal and various Reform churches, Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran, and independent churches.

The materials have been arranged around the core themes of contextualization, external and internal power, theological and ethnic marginalization, civic and ancestral identity, mission and conversion, and cover Europe, North America, Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and South America, Oceania, and Australasia.

The collection draws on the latest work from theology, anthropology, the sociology of religion, missiology, and religious studies, enabling users to grasp the very varied presentation of the Christian faith, the socio-cultural negotiation, accommodation, renovation, and the challenges to what the collection editor calls a 'Euro-American Christian taken-for-granted' understanding of theology and praxis from 'the world within and beyond'.

Fully indexed, and containing comprehensive introductions newly written by the editor, World Christianity is destined to be valued by scholars and students as a vital one-stop research resource.

Table of Contents

Volume I

Part 1: Context and Content

1. Carol J. Greenhouse, ‘Nature is to Culture as Praying is to Suing: Legal Pluralism in an American Suburb’, Journal of Legal Pluralism, 1982, 21, 21–9.

2. Dave Passi, ‘From Pagan to Christian Priesthood’, in G. W. Trompf (ed.), The Gospel is not Western: Black Theologies from the South-West Pacific (Orbis, 1987), pp. 45–8.

3. P. Abega, ‘Liturgical Adaptation’, in Edward Fashole-Luke (ed.), Christianity in Independent Africa (Rex Collings, 1979), pp. 597–605.

4. Edmund Chia, ‘Beliefs of Catholics in Asia’, Japan Mission Journal, 2002, 56, 3, 173–81.

Part 2: Foundations: The Bible as Agreed Text

5. Pui-Ian Kwok, ‘The Bible and Colonialism in the Global Context’, Theology & Life, 2007, 30, 218–31, 37.

6. Ranjini Rebera, ‘Polarity or Partnership? Retelling the Story of Martha and Mary from Asian Women’s Perspective’, Semeia, 1997, 78, 93–4, 101–7.

7. Yani Yoo, ‘Han-Laden Women: Korean "Comfort Women" and Women in Judges 19–21’, Semeia, 1997, 78, 37–46.

8. Jonathan A. Draper, ‘Hermeneutical Drama on the Colonial Stage: Liminal Space and Creativity in Colenso’s Commentary on Romans’, Journal of Theology for Southern Africa, 1999, 103, 13–32.

9. Georges Razafindrakoto and Knut Holter, ‘Challenging the Christian Monopoly on the Bible: An Aspect of the Encounter between Christianity and Malegasy Traditional Religion in Contemporary Madagascar’, in K. Koschorke and J. H. Schjørring (eds.), African Identities and World Christianity in the Twentieth Century (Harrassowitz, 2005), pp. 141–48.

Part 3: The Early Church in the Eastern Mediterranean

10. Wayne Meeks, ‘Ritual’, The First Urban Christians: The Social World of the Apostle Paul (Yale University, 1983), pp. 140–63.

11. Majella Franzmann, ‘A Complete History of Early Christianity: Taking the "Heretics" Seriously’, Journal of Religious History, 2005, 29, 2, 117–28.

12. Anthony J. Blasi, ‘Office Charisma in Early Christian Ephesus’, Sociology of Religion, 1995, 56, 3, 245–55.

Part 4: Early Christian Expansion: From Tunis to China

13. Peter Brown, ‘Christianity and Local Culture in Late Roman Africa’, Journal of Roman Studies, 1968, 58, 1 & 2, 85–95.

14. Christopher Haas, ‘Mountain Constantines: The Christianization of Aksum and Iberia’, Journal of Late Antiquity, 2008, 1, 1, 102–26.

15. Robert Frykenberg ‘Thomas Christians and the Thomas Tradition’, Christianity in India (Oxford University Press, 2008), pp. 102–15.

16. ‘Ch’ing-Tsing: Nestorian Tablet: Eulogizing the Propagation of the Illustrious Religion in China, with a Preface, composed by a Priest of the Syriac Church, 781 A.D.’, The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East, ed. Charles F. Horne (Vol. XII, ‘Medieval China’).

17. Frank Trombley, ‘Paganism in the Greek World at the End of Antiquity: The Case of Rural Anatolia and Greece’, Harvard Theological Review, 1985, 78, 4, 327–52.

Part 5: Consolidation on Five Continents

18. John K. Thornton, ‘Rural People, the Church in Kongo and the Afroamerican Diaspora (1491–1750)’, in Klaus Koschorke (ed.), Transcontinental Links in the History of Non-Western Christianity, Vol. 6 (Harrassowitz Verlag, 2002), pp. 33–44.

19. Robert Richmond Ellis, ‘"The Best Thus Far Discovered": The Japanese in the Letters of Francisco Xavier’, Hispanic Review, 2003, 71, 2, 155–69.

20. Sun Shangyang, ‘Misreading and its Creativity in Sino-Western Cultural Communication at the End of the Ming Dynasty’, in Yang Huilin and Daniel H. N. Yeung (eds.), Sino-Christian Studies in China (Cambridge Scholars Press, 2006), pp. 2–16.

21. Laura Fishman, ‘Crossing Gender Boundaries: Tupi and European Women in the Eyes of Claude D’Abberville’, French Colonial History, 2003, 4, 81–98.

Part 6: Elite Assumptions and Lay Agency

22. Antonio-Ma. Rosales, ‘The Significance of the Manuscript’, A Study of a 16th Century Tagalog Manuscript on the Ten Commandments: Its Significance and Implications (University of Philippines Press, 1984), pp. 68–80.

23. Jonathan Chaves, ‘Wu Li (1632–1718) and the First Chinese Christian Poetry’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 2002, 122, 3, 506–19.

24. Richard Gray, ‘"Come vero Prencipe Catolico": The Capuchins and the Rulers of Soyo in the Late Seventeenth Century’, Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, 1983, 53, 3, 39–54.

25. Carole A. Myscofski, ‘Bounded Identities: Women and Religion in Colonial Brazil, 1550–1750’, Religion, 1998, 28, 329–37.

26. William A. Clark, ‘The Church at Nanrantsouak: Sébastien Rále, S.J., and the Wabanaki of Maine’s Kennebec River’, Catholic Historical Review, 2006, 92, 3, 225–6, 231–40, 245–51.

27. Sue Peabody, ‘"A Dangerous Zeal": Catholic Missions to Slaves in the French Antilles, 1635–1800’, French Historical Studies, 2002, 25, 1, 55–63, 66–72.

28. Jürgen Beyer, ‘A Lübeck Prophet in Local and Lutheran Context’, in Bob Scribner and T. Johnson (eds.), Popular Religion in Germany and Central Europe, 1400–1800 (Macmillan, 1996), pp. 166–77, 180–2.

Part 7: Inter-Continental Enlightenment?

29. Robert E. Entenmann, ‘Christian Virgins in Eighteenth-Century Sichuan’, in Daniel H. Bays (ed.), Christianity in China: From the Eighteenth Century to the Present (Stanford University Press, 1996), pp. 180–93.

30. Eugene F. Irschick, ‘Conversations in Tarangambadi: Caring for the Self in Early Eighteenth Century South India’, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, 2003, 23, 1 & 2, 254–70.

31. Keely McCarthy, ‘Conversion, Identity, and the Indian Missionary’, Early American Literature, 2001, 36, 3, 353–69.

Volume II

Part 8: Nation, State, and Person in Nineteenth-Century World Christianity

32. Jesse S. Palsetia, ‘The Parsis of Bombay and Christian Conversion, 1839–45’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 2006, 74, 3, 615–45 (newly revised by the author for this collection).

33. John L. Comaroff and Jean Comaroff, ‘Cultivation, Christianity and Colonialism: Towards a New African Genesis’, in J. De Gruchy (ed.), The London Missionary Society in Southern Africa (David Philip, 2000), pp. 55–72.

34. Aparna Balachandran, ‘Catholics in Protest: Lower-Caste Christianity in Early Colonial Madras’, Studies in History, 2000, 16, 2, 241–53.

35. Sara Sohmer, ‘Christianity without Civilization: Anglican Sources for an Alternative Nineteenth-Century Mission Methodology’, Journal of Religious History, 1994, 18, 2, 174–8, 180–1, 185–8, 195–7.

Part 9: Gender, Education, and Conversion

36. Nancy Lutkehaus, ‘Missionary Maternalism: Gendered Images of the Holy Spirit Sisters (SSpS) in Colonial New Guinea’, in Mary Huber Taylor and Nancy Lutkehaus (eds.), Gendered Missions: Women and Men in Missionary Discourse and Practice (University of Michigan Press, 1999), pp. 207–35 (newly revised by the author for this collection).

37. Misty L. Bastian, ‘Young Converts: Christian Missions, Gender and Youth in Onitsha, Nigeria 1880–1929’, Anthropological Quarterly, 2000, 73, 3, 145–58.

38. Greg Bankoff, ‘Devils, Familiars and Spaniards: Spheres of Power and the Supernatural in the World of Seberina Candelaria and Her Village in Early 19th-Century Philippines’, Journal of Social History, 1999, 33, 1, 37–55.

Part 10: Religion, Ethnicity, and the Nation

39. Rita Smith Kipp, ‘Conversion by Affiliation: The History of the Karo Batak Protestant Church’, American Ethnologist, 1995, 22, 4, 868–82.

40. Lyndon A. Fraser, ‘The Making of an Ethnic Collectivity: Irish Catholic Immigrants in Nineteenth-Century Christchurch’, Journal of Religious History, 1996, 20, 2, 210–27.

41. Paul W. Werth, ‘The Limits of Religious Ascription: Baptized Tatars and the Revision of "Apostasy", 1840s–1905’, Russian Review, 2000, 59, 4, 493–511.

42. Nikos Kokosalakis, ‘Religion and Modernization in 19th-Century Greece’, Social Compass, 1987, 34, 2–3, 223–41.

Part 11: Local Agents of Mission

43. George Harwood Phillips, ‘Indians and the Breakdown of the Spanish Mission System in California’, Ethnohistory, 1974, 21, 4, 291–302.

44. Christine Sungjin Chang, ‘Hidden but Real: The Vital Contribution of Biblewomen to the Rapid Growth of Korean Protestantism, 1892–1945’, Women’s Historical Review, 2008, 17, 4, 575–95.

45. Wyatt MacGaffey, ‘Kimbanguism and the Question of Syncretism in Zaïre’, in W. E. A. van Beek, Th. E. Blakely, and D. L. Thomson (eds.), Religion in Africa: Experience and Expression (Heinemann, 1994), pp. 241–56.

Part 12: Roman Catholic Fields of Engagement with Pentecostals

46. Gertrude M. Yeager, ‘In the Absence of Priests: Young Women as Apostles to the Poor, Chile 1922–1932’, The Americas, 2007, 64, 2, 207–42.

47. Juan Sepulveda, ‘Reinterpreting Chilean Pentecostalism’, Social Compass, 1996, 43, 3, 299–318.

48. Maria Pia di Bella, ‘Glossolalia and Possession Among Pentecostal Groups of the Mezzogiorno’, Annales, 1988, 4, 897–907.

Part 13: Negotiating Religious and Political Competition

49. Joseph Tse-Hei Lee, ‘The Lord of Heaven versus Jesus Christ: Christian Sectarian Violence in Late-Nineteenth-Century South China’, Positions, 2000, 8, 1, 77–99.

50. Richard Maddox, ‘Revolutionary Anticlericalism and Hegemonic Processes in an Andalusian Town, August 1936’, American Ethnologist, 1995, 22, 1, 125–43.

51. Stephen Hayes, ‘Orthodox Mission in Tropical Africa’, Missionalia, 1996, 24, 383–98.

52. David J. Maxwell, ‘The Spirit and the Scapular: Pentecostal and Catholic Interactions in Northern Nyanga District, Zimbabwe in the 1950s and Early 1960s’, Journal of Southern African Studies, 1997, 23, 2, 283–300.

Volume III

Part 14: Living Texts

53. S. S. Hasan, ‘Coptic Cultural Nationalism’, Christians versus Muslims in Modern Egypt: The Century-Long Struggle for Coptic Equality (Oxford University Press, 2003), pp. 201–8.

54. Alexander Henn, ‘Ritual, History and Identity in Goa’, in Alexander Henn and Klaus-Peter Köpping (eds.), Rituals in and Unstable World: Contingency, Hybridity, Embodiment (Peter Lang, 2008), pp. 205–24.

55. You Xilin and Chen Lianguo, ‘Fellowship in Contemporary Religion and Ethics: Report on an Oral Enquiry into the Beliefs of Village People in the Catholic Diocese of Zhouzi’, China Study Journal, Spring/Summer 2007, 68–84.

56. Fenella Cannell, ‘Imitation of Christ in Bicol, Philippines’, Journal of Royal Anthropological Institute, 1995, 1, 377–94.

Part 15: Discerning Theology in Context

57. Susan Visvanathan, ‘The Status of Christian Women in Kerala’, in Arvind Sharma (ed.), Women in Indian Religions (Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 189–200.

58. Eleni Sotiriu, ‘Contested Masculine Spaces in Greek Orthodoxy’, Compass, 2004, 51, 4, 499–510.

59. Deidre Helen Crumbley and Gloria Malake Cline-Smythe, ‘Gender and Change in an African Immigrant Church: An Anthropologist and a (Former) Prophetess Reflect’, in Jacob K. Olupona and Regina Gemignani (eds.), African Immigrant Religions in America (New York University Press, 2007), pp. 158–81.

60. Atwood D. Gaines, ‘Faith, Fashion and Family: Religion, Aesthetics, Identity and Social Organization in Strassbourg’, AQ, 1985, 58, 2, 47–62.

61. Gwendoline Malogne-Fer, ‘The Feminization and Professionalization of Ordained Ministry within the Ma’ohi Protestant Church in French Polynesia’, in I. Jones et al. (eds.), Women and Ordination in the Christian Churches: International Perspectives (T&T Clark, 2008), pp. 177–88.

Part 16: Relating to Place

62. Fiona Magowan, ‘Experiencing Spirit: Religious Processes of Interaction and Unification in Aboriginal Australia’, in Peggy Brock (ed.), Indigenous Peoples and Religious Change (Brill, 2005), pp. 157–75.

63. Jean Besson, ‘Religion as Resistance in Jamaican Peasant Life: The Baptist Church, Revival Worldview and Rastafari Movement’, in Barry Chevannes (ed.), Rastafari and Other African-Caribbean Worldviews (Macmillan Press, 1995), pp. 47–63 (newly revised by the author for this collection).

64. Manuel A. Vásquez, ‘Structural Obstacles to Grassroots Pastoral Practice: The Case of a Base Community in Urban Brazil’, Sociology of Religion, 1997, 58, 1, 53–68.

65. Frédéric Laugrand and Jarich Oosten, ‘Inuit Pentecostal and Evangelical Movements in the Canadian Eastern Arctic: The Case of the Healing the Land Rituals Developed by the Canada Awakening Ministries’, Numen, 2007, 54, 229–69 (newly revised by the authors for this collection).

66. Mathijs Pelkmans, ‘"Culture" as a Tool and an Obstacle: Missionary Encounters in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2007, 13, 881–99.

67. Pierre-Joseph Laurent, ‘The Faith-Healers of the Assemblies of God in Burkina Faso: Taking Responsibility for Diseases Related to "Living Together"’, Social Compass, 2001, 48, 3, 333–51.

Part 17: Texts Biblical and Local

68. Hsing-Kuang Chao, ‘Conversion to Protestantism Among Urban Immigrants in Taiwan’, Sociology of Religion, 2006, 67, 2, 193–204.

69. Mark R. Mullins, ‘Christianity as a New Religion: Charisma, Minor Founders, and Indigenous Movements’, in M. R. Mullins, S. Susumu, and P. L. Swanson (eds.), Religion and Society in Modern Japan (Asian Humanities Press, 1993), pp. 257–72.

70. Mathias Guenther, ‘Jesus Christ as Trickster in the Religion of Contemporary Bushmen’, in K. P. Köpping (ed.), The Games of Gods and Men (LIT, 1997), pp. 203–29.

71. Elisha P. Renne, ‘The Fundamentals of Fertility: Cosmology and Conversion in a Southwestern Nigerian Town’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2002, 8, 551–69.

Part 18: Internal and External Structures

72. Olga Tchepournaya, ‘The Hidden Sphere of Religious Searches in the Soviet Union: Independent Religious Communities in Leningrad from the 1960s to the 1970s’, Sociology of Religion, 2003, 64, 3, 377–88.

73. Ronald Lawson, ‘The Persistence of Apocalypticism Within a Denominationalizing Sect: The Apocalyptic Fringe Groups of Seventh-Day Adventism’, in Thomas Robbins and Susan Palmer (eds.), Millennium, Messiahs, and Mayhem: Contemporary Apocalyptic Movements (Routledge, 1997), pp. 207–21, 225–6.

74. Hugo G. Nutini, ‘Native Evangelism in Central Mexico’, Ethnology, 2000, 39, 1, 39–54.

75. Paul Gifford, ‘American Evangelicalism in Zimbabwe’, Christianity and Hegemony (Berg, 1992), pp. 121–43.

Part 19: Cross-National Pentecostalism Past and Present

76. Birgit Meyer, ‘"Heathendom" and the Powers of Darkness: On the Role of the Devil in the Preaching of the Missionaries of the Norddeutsche Missionsgesellschaft in the Nineteenth Century and the Contemporary African Churches’, Trinity Journal of Church and Theology, 1997, 7, 1–2, 15–27.

77. Paul Freston, ‘The Transnationalisation of Brazilian Pentecostalism: The Universal Church of the Kingdom of God’, in A. Corten and R. Marshall-Fratani (eds.), Between Babel and Pentecost: Transnational Pentecostalism in Africa and Latin America (Hurst & Co., 2001), pp. 196–215.

78. Lional Caplan, ‘Certain Knowledge: The Encounter of Global Fundamentalism and Local Christianity in Urban South India’, in Wendy James (ed.), The Pursuit of Certainty: Religious and Cultural Formulations (Routledge, 1995), pp. 92–110.

79. André Droogers, ‘Joana’s Story: Syncretism at the Actor’s Level’, in S. Greenfield and A. Droogers (eds.), Reinventing Religions: Syncretism and Transformation in Africa and the Americas (Rowman and Littlefield, 2001), pp. 145–62.

Volume IV

Part 20: Clothed for Glory: Dress for Christians

80. Peggy Brock, ‘Nakedness and Clothing in Early Encounters Between Aboriginal People of Central America, Missionaries and Anthropologists’, Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History, 2007, 8, 1, 1–11.

81. Ruth Borker, ‘To Honor Her Head: Hats as a Symbol of Women’s Position in Three Evangelical Churches in Edinburgh, Scotland’, in Judith Hoch-Smith and Anita Spring (eds.), Women in Ritual and Symbolic Roles (Plenum Press, 1978), pp. 55–73.

Part 21: Church within Walls

82. Rebecca J. Lester, ‘The Immediacy of Eternity: Time and Transformation in a Roman Catholic Convent’, Religion, 2003, 33, 201–19.

83. Li Wenwen, ‘Women Living Between the Church and the State: A Case Study of Catholic Women Religious in Contemporary Rural China’, in Peter Ng and Wu Xiaoxin (eds.), Christianity and Chinese Society and Culture: The First International Young Scholars Symposium (Chinese University of Hong Kong , 2003), pp. 359–84.

Part 22: Church Beyond Walls: The Performance of Pilgrimage

84. Sidney M. Greenfield and Antonio Mourão Cavalcante, ‘Pilgrimage and Patronage in Brazil: A Paradigm for Social Relations and Religious Diversity’, Luso-Brazilian Review, 2006, 43, 2, 63–89.

85. Alex Gath, ‘Division and Demolition at the Tomb of a Beloved Saint: The Evolving Character of an Orthodox Christian Pilgrim Centre in India’, Culture and Religion, 2000, 1, 2, 171–87.

86. Simon Coleman and John Elsner, ‘Performing Pilgrimage: Walsingham and the Ritual Construction of Irony’, in Felicia Hughes-Freeland (ed.), Ritual, Performance, Media (Routledge, 1998), pp. 46–65.

87. Alan Morinis, ‘Persistent Peregrination: From Sun Dance to Catholic Pilgrimage among Canadian Prairie Indians’, in Alan Morinis (ed.), Sacred Journeys: The Anthropology of Pilgrimage (Greenwood Press, 1992), pp. 101–13.

88. Dana L. Robert, ‘Bernard Mizeki: Missionary Saints and the Creation of Christian Communities’, Yale Divinity School Library Occasional Publication, No. 19 (Yale Divinity School Library, 2005) (newly revised by the author for this collection).

89. Thomas A. Tweed, ‘John Wesley Slept Here: American Shrines and American Methodists’, NUMEN, 2000, 47, 41–2, 45–7, 51–4, 61–4, 66.

Part 23: Performing Christianity

90. Chang-Kwo Tan, ‘Syncretic Objects: Material Culture of Syncretism among the Paiwan Catholics, Taiwan’, Journal of Material Culture, 2002, 7, 2, 167–87.

91. Gertrude Prokosch Kurath, ‘Catholic Hymns of Michigan Indians’, Anthropological Quarterly, 1957, 30, 2, 31–40, 41–3.

92. Wendy James, ‘Uduk Faith in a Five-Note Scale: Mission Music and the Spread of the Gospel’, in Wendy James and Douglas H. Johnson (eds.), Vernacular Christianity: Essays in the Social Anthropology of Religion Presented to Godfrey Lienhardt (JASO Occasional Papers, 1988), pp. 131–45.

93. Bryan D. Gilling, ‘"Almost Persuaded Now to Believe": Gospel Songs in New Zealand Evangelical Theology and Practice’, Journal of Religious History, 1995, 19, 1, 92–110.

94. Clara Henderson and Lisa Gilman, ‘Women as Religious and Political Praise Singers within African Institutions: The Case of the CCAP Blantyre Synod and Political Parties in Malawi’, Women and Music, 2004, 8, 22–40.

95. Zoe C. Sherinian, ‘Dalit Theology in Tamil Christian Folk Music: A Transformative Liturgy By James Theophilus Appavoo’, in Selva Raj and Corinne Dempsey (eds.), Popular Christianity in India: Riting Between the Lines (State University of New York Press, 2002), pp. 233–53.

96. Francis Peter Barboza, Christianity in Indian Dance Forms (Sri Satguru, 1991), pp. 1–7, 214–16.

Part 24: Issues for Christianity in the Twenty-First Century

97. D. Paul Sullins, ‘Beyond Christendom: Protestant-Catholic Distinctions in Coming Global Christianity’, Religion, 2006, 36, 197–213.

98. Cristián Parker Gumucio, ‘Religion and the Awakening of Indigenous People in Latin America’, Social Compass, 2002, 49, 1, 67–81.

Tinyiko Sam Maluleke, ‘Half a Century of African Christian Theologies: Elements of the Emerging Agenda for the Twenty-First Century’, Journal of Theology for Southern Africa, 1997, 99, 4–23.

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