This book focuses on the balance between protecting human rights and protecting world heritage sites. It concerns itself with the idea that the management of heritage properties worldwide may fail to adequately respect traditional entitlements and rights of individuals and communities living within or being affected by changes in the use of these spaces. It also explores the concept that the international heritage field has limited knowledge and awareness of this challenge.
The volume argues that the dilemmas in question result from different conceptualisations of the key terms of 'rights', 'heritage' and 'community' among different groups and across political and cultural boundaries. In so far as 'culture' is what enables us to read the meanings involved, the ultimate questions are those that ask whose power is contested when one meaning is ‘fixed’ and the heritage of one group of humans is given the right to have its symbolic representation enjoyed and protected. The included case studies give vivid examples of this.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Heritage Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Human rights and World Heritage: preserving our common dignity through rights-based approaches to site management Part I: Theoretical and Practical Considerations 2. Human rights and cultural heritage. Observations on the recognition of human rights in the international doctrine 3. Cultural diversity, cultural heritage and human rights: towards heritage management as human rights-based cultural practice 4. Heritage interpretation and human rights: documenting diversity, expressing identity, or establishing universal principles? 5. World Heritage and Indigenous rights: Norwegian examples 6. Human rights and cultural property protection in times of conflict 7. World Heritage and rights-based approaches to nature conservation Part II: Case Studies 8. Lhasa community, world heritage and human rights 9. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska cultural landscape 10. World heritage sites, human rights and cultural heritage in Palestine 11. Maintaining Timbuktu’s unique tangible and intangible heritage 12. East Africa World Heritage Network and stakeholder priorities 13. Embedding shared heritage: the cultural heritage rights of London’s African and Asian diaspora communities
Stener Ekern is Associate Professor at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo, Norway.
William Logan is Emeritus Professor at Deakin University in Melbourne, Australia; fellow of the Australian Academy of Social Sciences, and a previous President of ICOMOS Australia (1999-2002).
Birgitte Sauge is research coordinator at the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design in Oslo, Norway, and member of the board of ICOMOS Norway.
Amund Sinding-Larsen is a Chartered Architect and Heritage Advisor, with a doctorate in architecture from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway, a past President of ICOMOS Norway.