This book explores how print journalism was a powerful and persistent influence on public attitudes to, and memories of, the First World War in a range of participant nations, including Britain, France, Germany, Ireland, the United States and Australia. With contributions from an international group of history, journalism and literary studies scholars, the book identifies and analyses five distinct roles played by the print media: producing and narrating histories of the war or its constituent episodes; serialising and reviewing memoirs or fictional accounts written by participants; reporting and framing the rituals and ceremonies of local and national commemoration; providing a platform for various war-related advocacy groups or campaigns, from veterans’ associations to early Civil Rights movements; and using the war as a lens through which to interpret future conflicts. This innovative collection demonstrates the significance of journalism in shaping the public understanding of the First World War after 1918, and shows how the representations and narratives of the conflict reflected the political and social changes of the post-war decades. This book was originally published as a special issue of Journalism Studies.
Introduction – Writing the First World War after 1918: Journalism, history and commemoration Adrian Bingham
1. The Platform: How Pullman porters used railways to engage in networked journalism Allissa V. Richardson
2. The Aussie 1918-1931: Cartoons, digger remembrance and First World War identity Jane Chapman
3. The Great War and "Military Memory": War and remembrance in the civic public sphere, 1919-1939 Eleanor K. O’Keeffe
4. Whose War Was it Anyway: Irish journalism and the Great War after 1918 Mark O’Brien
5. La Grande Guerre: The First World War in the journalism of French veterans Sally Carlton
6. "The Vapourings of Empty Young Men?": Legacies of their hostility between 1916 and 1918 in British newspaper treatment of conscientious objectors during the German blitzkrieg and invasion scare of 1940 Tim Luckhurst
7. "The Truth About the War Finally": Critics’ expectations of war literature during the Weimar Republic: the reception of Erich Maria Remarque’s Im Westen nichts Neues [All Quiet on the Western Front], 1928-1930 Thomas F. Schneider
8. The Mediation of Constructions of Pacifism in Journey’s End and The Searcher, Two Contrasting Dramatic Memorials from the late 1920s Charlotte Purkis
9. Reawakening the Nation: British journalists and the interwar debate on the origins of the First World War Nathan N. Orgill
The journal Journalism Studies was established at the turn of the new millennium by Bob Franklin. It was launched in the context of a burgeoning interest in the scholarly study of journalism and an expansive global community of journalism scholars and researchers. The ambition was to provide a forum for the critical discussion and study of journalism as a subject of intellectual inquiry but also an arena of professional practice. Previously, the study of journalism in the UK and much of Europe was a fairly marginal branch of the larger disciplines of media, communication and cultural studies; only a handful of Universities offered degree programmes in the subject. Journalism Studies has flourished and succeeded in providing the intended public space for discussion of research on key issues within the field, to the point where in 2007 a sister journal, Journalism Practice, was launched to enable an enhanced focus on practice-based issues, as well as foregrounding studies of journalism education, training and professional concerns. Both journals are among the leading ranked journals within the field and publish six issues annually, in electronic and print formats. From the outset, the publication of themed issues has been a commitment for both journals. Their purpose is first, to focus on highly significant or neglected areas of the field; second, to facilitate discussion and analysis of important and topical policy issues; and third, to offer readers an especially high quality and closely focused set of essays, analyses and discussions; or all three.
The Journalism Studies: Theory and Practice book series draws on a wide range of these themed issues from both journals and thereby extends the critical and public forum provided by them. The Editor of the journals works closely with guest editors to ensure that the books achieve relevance for readers and the highest standards of research rigour and academic excellence. The series makes a significant contribution to the field of journalism studies by inviting distinguished scholars, academics and journalism practitioners to discuss and debate the central concerns within the field. It also reaches a wider readership of scholars, students and practitioners across the social sciences, humanities and communication arts, encouraging them to engage critically with, but also to interrogate, the specialist scholarly studies of journalism which this series provides.