Writings: v. 1: 1949-55: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Writings: v. 1: 1949-55

1st Edition

By Zedong Mao, M.Y.M. Kau, Laifong Leung

Routledge

450 pages

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This critical, multi-volume edition of Mao's writings is an indispensable guide to post-1949 Chinese politics and an invaluable research tool for anyone seeking to understand Communist rule in China

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xxi

Introduction xxv

Introduction to Volume I xxxiii

Editorial Conventions and Devices: A Note to the Reader xxxvii

Opening Speech at the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC

(September 21 , 1949) 3

Speech at Banquet Celebrating Insurrection of KMT Troops

(September 23, 1949) 7

Telegram to Xinjiang Political and Military Authorities (September 28, 1949) 8

Draft for Inscription on Monument to People's Heroes (September 30, 1949) 9

Proclamation of the Central People's Government of the PRC (October 1, 1949) 10

Telegram to the Communist Party of the United States (October 6, 1949) 12

Letter to Wang Shoudao (October 9, 1949) 13

Letter to Yang Kaizhi (October 9, 1949) 14

Telegram to the French Transportation Labor Union (October 9, 1949) 15

Telegram to General Zhao Xiguang (October 10, 1949) 15

Telegram to Insurrectionists on the "Changzhi" (October 10, 1949) 16

Telegram to Five-man Independent Group of the British Labor Party in the

House of Commons (October 12, 1949) 16

Telegram to the United States' Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy

(October 12, 1949) 17

Letter to Feng Youlan (October 13, 1949) 17

Letter to Zhou Shizhao (October 15, 1949) 18

Reply to Ambassador of the Soviet Union (October 16, 1949) 20

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (October 16, 1949) 21

Reply to the Hui People of Xinjiang (October 21, 1949) 22

Reply to the Provisional People's Government of Xinjiang (October 21, 1949) 22

Reply to the Xinjiang League for the Defense of Peace and Democracy and to

People of the Tacheng-Ili-Ashan Regions (October 21, 1949) 23

v

vi Contents

Preface to The Victory of New Democracy in China (October 24, 1949) 23

Telegram to the Insurrectionists on the "Hailiao" (October 24, 1949) 24

Inscription for the Inaugural Issue of Renmin wenxue (People's Literature)

(October 25, 1949) 25

Telegram to Secretary of the World Federation of Trade Unions

(October 26, 1949) 26

Telegram to the Comrades of Yanan and Compatriots of the Shaanxi-GansuNingxia Border Region (October 26, 1949) 26

Telegram to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Algeria

(October 26, 1949) 27

Telegram to the Provisional Government of Greece (October 26, 1949) 28

Telegram to the Albanian Council of Ministers (October 26, 1949) 28

Letter to Bo Yibo (October 29, 1949) 29

Telegram to the Republic of Czechoslovakia (October 29, 1949) 30

Telegram to the USSR (November 5, 1949) 31

Telegram to the Work Committee of the Communist Party of Thailand

(November 12, 1949) 31

Telegram to Managers and Staff of 1\vo Aviation Corporations

(November 12, 1949) 32

Letter to Peng Dehuai and the Northwest Bureau (November 14, 1949) 33

Inscription on Public Morals (November 15, 1949 R) 35

Letter to Mao Xusheng (November 15, 1949) 35

Letter to Li Jiehou of Shaoshan, Hunan (November 17, 1949) 36

Telegram to the Former KMT Government Resources Committee

(November 19, 1949) 37

Telegram to the Communist Party of India (November 19, 1949) 37

Telegram to the Socialist Republican Party of India (November 19, 1949) 38

Telegram to the Central Committee of the Iranian Workers' Party

(November 19, 1949) 39

Inscription for the Third Anniversary of Nanqiao ribao (November 20, 1949) 39

Telegram of Condolence on the Death of Xinjiang Delegates to the CPPCC

(November 22, 1949) 40

Telegram to Panchen Gnoertehni (November 23, 1949) 41

Telegram to the Banka Federation of Labor Unions of Indonesia

(November 24, 1949) 41

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (November 25, 1949) 42

Letter to Xu Beihong (November 29, 1949) 42

Telegram to the Britain-China Conference in London (November 30, 1949) 43

Letter to the People of Lushun-Dalian (December 1, 1949) 44

Letter to Liu Yazi (December 2, 1949) 44

Contents vii

Directive Issued at the Fourth Meeting of the CPGC (excerpts)

(December 2, 1949) 46

Instruction on the Army's Participation in Production and Construction Work

in 1950 (December 5, 1949) 4 7

Speech on Arrival at Moscow Train Station (December 16, 1949) 51

Telegram to Stalin (December 19, 1949) 52

Address at Birthday Celebration Meeting Held for Stalin (December 21, 1949) 52

Comment on Democratic Personages (Winter 1949) 53

Conversation with a Painter from the Soviet Union [Excerpts] (1949) 54

Inscription for First Issue of Renmin haijun (January 1, 1950) 57

Interview Given to TASS Correspondent in Moscow (January 2, 1950) 57

Inscription for Lenin's Mausoleum (January 11, 1950) 59

Telegram to Bulgaria on the Death of Vasil Kolarov (January 24, 1950) 59

Telegram to President Prasad of the Republic of India (January 28, 1950) 60

Speech on Departure from Moscow (February 17, 1950) 60

Telegram to President of the Viet Nam-China Friendship Association

(February 21, 1950) 62

Telegram to the USSR (February 23, 1950) 62

Telegram to Stalin upon Leaving the USSR (February 26, 1950) 63

Conversations During Inspection of Heilongjiang Province [Excerpts]

(February 27, 1950) 64

Inscriptions Written in Harbin (February 27, 1950) 65

Reply to Ambassador of the People's Republic of Romania (March 10, 1950) 66

Soliciting Suggestions on the Question of Strategy for Dealing with

Rich Peasants (March 12, 1950) 67

Letter to Long Bojian (March 14, 1950) 70

Letter to Liu Kuiyi (March 14, 1950) 71

Telegram to the Communist Party of France (March 31, 1950) 72

Directive on the Film Qing gong mishi (March 1950) 72

Telegram to the People's Republic of Hungary (April 1, 1950) 73

Speech at the Sixth Session of the CPGC (April 11, 1950) 74

Letter to Yang Kaizhi and Li Congde (April 13, 1950) 74

Comment on Chen Yun's Report (April 14, 1950) 75

Letter to Mao Shenpin (April 18, 1950) 76

Letter to Li Shuyi (April 18, 1950) 77

Letter to Xiang Mingqing (April 19, 1950) 78

Telegram toW. H. Andrews (April 20, 1950) 79

Telegram to Maurice Thorez (April 28, 1950) 79

Inscription Concerning the People's Education (May 1 , 1950) 80

viii Contents

Telegram to the Republic of Czechoslovakia (May 3, 1950) 80

Inscription Commemorating the May Fourth Movement (May 4, 1950 R) 81

Letter to Wen Jianquan (May 7, 1950) 81

Letter to Zhang Ding (May 7, 1950) 82

Letter to Zhao Puzhu (May 7, 1950) 83

Letter to Mao Yimin (May 8, 1950) 84

Letter to Wen Nansong (May 12, 1950) 85

Letter to Ye Jiannong (May 12, 1950) 86

Letter to Zhou Wennan (May 12, 1950) 87

Telegram to Ho Chi Minh (May 12, 1950) 88

Letter to Mao Yuju (May 15, 1950) 89

Letter to Zou Puxun (May 15, 1950) 90

Letter to Zhou Rong (May 16, 1950) 90

Reply to Ambassador of the Republic of India (May 20, 1950) 91

Letter to Li Jinxi (May 22, 1950) 92

Telegram of Condolence to Yan Huiqing's Family (May 26, 1950) 93

Letter to Liu Yanan (May 27, 1950) 94

Letter to Liu Shaoqi (June 4, 1950) 95

Struggle for a Fundamental Thrn for the Better in the Financial and

Economic Situation in the Country (June 6, 1950) 97

Don't Attack on All Fronts (June 6, 1950) 103

Letter to Chen Mingshu (June 12, 1950) 106

Reply to Ambassador of the Republic of Poland (June 12, 1950) 107

Reply to Ambassador of the Kingdom of Sweden (June 12, 1950) 108

Opening Speech at the Second Meeting of the National Committee of

the CPPCC (June 14, 1950) 109

Letter to Ma Xulun (June 19, 1950) 110

Closing Speech at the Second Session of the National Committee of the CPPCC

(June 23, 1950) 111

Reply to Minister of the Kingdom of Denmark (June 24, 1950) 116

Reply to Head of Diplomatic Mission of the German Democratic Republic

(June 24, 1950) 117

Speech at Eighth Session of the CPGC (June 28, 1950) 118

Reply to Ambassador of the People's Republic of Mongolia (July 3, 1950) 119

Telegram to the People's Republic of Mongolia (July 7, 1950) 120

Telegram to the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (July 18, 1950) 120

Letter to Wu Qirui (July 19, 1950) 121

Telegram to the Republic of Poland (July 21, 1950) 123

Contents ix

Telegram to the Transvaal Indian Congress (July 26, 1950) 123

Reply to Ambassador of the Union of Burma (August 7, 1950) 124

Letter to Su Yu (August 8, 1950) 125

Telegram to the People's Government of Qinghai on the Death of

Vice-chairman Ma Po (August 11, 1950) 125

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (August 14, 1950) 126

Telegram to the Republic of Indonesia (August 16, 1950) 126

Letter to Xu Haidong (August 20, 1950) 127

Telegram to the People's Republic of Romania (August 21, 1950) 128

Speech at Banquet Commemorating the Liberation of Romania (Excerpt)

(August 23, 1950) 128

Letter to Xu Beihong (August 26, 1950) 129

Letter to Chen Jisheng (August 29, 1950) 129

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (August 29, 1950) 130

Inscription for the First National Conference on Health Care (August 1950) 131

Telegram to the People's Republic of Bulgaria (September 6, 1950) 131

Letter to Chen Yu (September 11, 1950) 132

Telegram to the South African Indian Congress (September 13, 1950) 132

Letter to Zhang Wei (September 19, 1950) 133

Telegram to the Communist Party of Great Britain (September 24, 1950) 134

Inscription for the National Conference of Representatives of Combat Heroes

(September 25, 1950) 135

Address at the Opening Session of the National Congress of Combat Heroes and

the National Congress of Worker-Peasant-Soldier Model Laborers

(September 25, 1950) 135

Comments on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(September 27, 1950) 136

Reply to Ambassador of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (September 30, 1950) 137

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (October 4, 1950) 138

Inscription on the Unity of the Chinese and Soviet Peoples (October 5, 1950) 138

Inscription for Display of the PLA (October 8, 1950 R) 139

Orders for the Chinese People's Volunteers (Excerpts) (October 8, 1950) 139

Letter to Wang Shoudao (October 11, 1950) 141

Telegram to the Republic of Czechoslovakia (October 26, 1950) 142

Telegram to Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden on the Death of King Gustaf V

(October 31, 1950) 142

In Response to Liu Yazi: A Poem (October 1950) 143

Telegram to the USSR (November 5, 1950) 144

x Contents

Telegram to Harry Pollitt (November 20, 1950) 144

Letter to Hu Qiaomu (November 22, 1950) 145

Telegram to the People's Republic of Albania (November 26, 1950) 147

Comment on Hearing of Mao Anying's Death (November 1950) 147

Letter to Huang Niantian (December 2, 1950) 148

Telegram to Participants of Demonstration in Tianjin (December 2, 1950) 149

Inscription for the Air Force (December 15, 1950 R) 150

Letter to Chen Shutong (December 18, 1950) 151

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(December 19, 1950) 152

Telegram to the Communist Party of France (December 23, 1950) 152

Inscription for the First Normal School of Hunan (December 29, 1950) 154

Letter to Zhou Shizhao (December 29, 1950) 154

Telegram to the People's Republic of Romania (December 29, 1950) 155

Comment on "A Summary of the Relationship between the Various

Departments of the Military and the Soviet Advisors" (January 1, 1951) 157

Telegram to the Union of Burma (January 2, 1951) 158

Telegram to Wilhelm Pieck (January 2, 1951) 158

Letter to Rao Shushi and Chen Pixian (January 10, 1951) 159

Letter to Xu Beihong (January 14, 1951) 160

Letter to Li Sian (January 14, 1951) 161

Letter to Ma Xulun (January 15, 1951) 161

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(January 17, 1951) 162

Directive to the Chinese People's Volunteers (January 19, 1951) 163

Letter to Zhang Lan (January 22, 1951) 164

Telegram to the Communist Party of Italy (January 22, 1951) 165

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(January 24, 1951) 165

Telegram to the Republic of India (January 24, 1951) 166

Toast at a Reception Given by Ambassador of India (January 26, 1951) 166

Telegram to the USSR (February 12, 1951) 167

Letter to Huang Yanpei (February 17, 1951) 168

Main Points of Resolution at a Political Bureau Meeting (February 18, 1951) 169

Telegram to the USSR (February 21, 1951) 174

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(February 28, 1951) 175

Inscription for Woman's Day (March 8, 1951) 175

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(March 9, 1951) 176

Contents xi

Letter to Rao Shushi and Others (March 18, 1951) 176

Comments on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(March 24, 1951) 178

Letter to Li Da (March 27, 1951) 179

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(March 30, 1951) 180

Comments on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(March 30, 1951) 181

Letter to Peng Yousheng (March 31, 1951) 181

Directive on the Problem of Cultivating Cadres (March 1951) 182

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(April 2, 1951) 183

Letter to Li Weihan (April 9, 1951) 184

Letter to Situ Meitang (April 27, 1951) 185

Letter to Chen Wenxin (April 29, 1951) 187

Letter to Zhang Zhizhong (May 5, 1951) 187

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(May 8, 1951) 188

Directive on the Huai River (May 9, 1951) 191

Resolutions of the Third National Conference on Public Security

(May 15, 1951) 191

Comment on the "Report of the Secretary's Office on the Handling of Letters

from the Masses" (May 16, 1951) 195

Attention Must Be Paid to the Discussions of the Film The Life of KU Xun

(May 20, 1951) 196

Speech on the Agreement on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet

(May 24, 1951) 201

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(June 15, 1951) 202

Letter to Li Zhuchen (June 23, 1951) 203

Inscription on the Unity of Nationalities (June 29, 1951 R) 204

Letter to Huang Yanpei (July 15, 1951) 204

Letter to Zhang Yuanji (July 30, 1951) 205

Inscription for the People of the Old Revolutionary Bases (August 5, 1951 R) 206

Telegram to the Dominion of Pakistan (August 14, 1951) 207

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (August 14, 1951) 207

Telegram to the Republic of Indonesia (August 14, 1951) 208

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (September 1, 1951) 208

Telegram to the USSR (September 2, 1951) 209

Telegram to the People's Republic of Bulgaria (September 7, 1951) 210

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(September 10, 1951) 210

xii Contents

Letter to Party Committee of Shijingshan Iron and Steel Works

(September 12, 1951) 211

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(September 18, 1951) 211

Letter to Deng Zihui (September 25, 1951) 212

Reply to Ambassador of the Union of Burma (September 27, 1951) 213

Comment on Suppressing and Liquidating Counterrevolutionaries

(October 1, 1951) 214

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (October 6, 1951) 214

Letter to Chen Shutong (October 14, 1951) 215

Telegram to the USSR (October 15, 1951) 216

Opening Speech of the Third Meeting of the First National Committee of

the CPPCC (October 23, 1951) 216

Telegram to the Dalai Lama (October 26, 1951) 221

Inscription for the Cultural Work Team of the Special District Party

Committee of Chu xian (October 1951 R) 222

Closing Speech of the Third Meeting of the First National Committee of

the CPPCC (November 1, 1951) 222

Telegram to the USSR (November 5, 1951) 223

Telegram to Gheorghiu-Dej (November 7, 1951) 224

Reply to Ambassador of Pakistan (November 12, 1951) 224

Letter to Zheng Zhenduo (December 3, 1951) 225

Letter to Dong Biwu (December 4, 1951) 226

Letter to Mao Zelian and Mao Yuanti (December 11, 1951) 227

Telegram to the Northwest Nationalities' People's Representatives' Conference

for Resisting U.S. Aggression and Aiding Korea (December 12, 1951) 228

Telegram to Panchen Gnoertehni (December 13, 1951) 229

Letter to Liu Shaoqi (December 15, 1951) 230

Take Mutual Aid and Cooperativization of Agriculture as a Major Task

(December 15, 1951) 232

Letter to Chen Yuying (December 23, 1951) 233

Telegram to William Gallacher (December 24, 1951) 233

Conversation with Zhou Shizhao (December 1951) 234

Comment Written on a Letter from Students of Chinese

People's University (1951) 234

Directive on Language Reform (1951) 235

On the "Three-Anti's" and "Five-Anti's" Struggles

(November 1951-March 1952) 235

New Year's Day Message (January 1, 1952) 243

Telegram to the Union of Burma (January 2, 1952) 244

Telegram to the Republic of India (January 24, 1952) 245

Contents xiii

Telegram to the People's Republic of Mongolia (January 27, 1952) 245

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (February 4, 1952) 246

Telegram to the USSR (February 11, 1952) 24 7

Imperialism's Plan for Aggression Is Bound to Be Smashed (February 14, 1952) 248

Telegram to the USSR (February 21, 1952) 248

Decree to a Division of the Xinjiang Construction Battalion (February 1952) 249

Telegram to Matyas Rilkosi (March 7, 1952) 249

Letter to Cheng Qian (March 11, 1952) 250

Instruction to Huang Yanpei (March 15, 1952) 251

Reply to Ambassador of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

(March 18, 1952) 252

Reply to Ambassador of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (March 18, 1952) 253

Conversation with Zhai Zuojun [Excerpt] (Spring 1952) 254

Directive of the CPC Central Committee on Work in Tibet (April 6, 1952) 254

Telegram to Sa Zhenbing's Family (April 12, 1952) 259

Telegram to Boleslaw Bierut (April 16, 1952) 259

Telegram to Rajendra Prasad (May 11, 1952) 260

Letter to Tan Kah-Kee (May 16, 1952) 261

Inscription for Workers on Jing River Flood Control Project (May 19, 1952) 262

Telegram to the Dalai Lama and Panchen Gnoertehni (May 23, 1952) 262

Letter to Ye Gongzuo (May 25, 1952) 263

The Contradiction Between the Working Class and the Bourgeoisie Is the

Principal Contradiction in the Country (June 6, 1952) 265

Reply to Ambassador of the Republic of Poland (June 9, 1952) 265

Reply to Minister of the Republic of Finland (June 9, 1952) 266

Inscription on Physical Culture and Sports (June 10, 1952) 267

Letter to Huang Yanpei (June 10, 1952) 268

Letter to Zhou Enlai (June 14, 1952) 269

Inscription on Inauguration of the Chengdu-Chongqing Railway

(July 1, 1952 R) 270

Letter to Zhang Youcheng (July 7, 1952) 270

Telegram to the German Socialist Unity Party (July 8, 1952) 271

Address to the First Graduating Class of the Military Academy (July 10, 1952) 272

Inscription on the Monument to the People's Heroes (August 3, 1952 R) 274

Unite and Clearly Draw the Line Between the Enemy and Ourselves

(August 4, 1952) 274

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (August 13, 1952) 279

Letter to Chen Yi (August 15, 1952) 280

Letter to Li Shuqing (August 23, 1952) 280

xiv Contents

Letter to Uighur Peasants of Xinjiang (August 30, 1952) 281

Telegram to the USSR (September 2, 1952) 282

Letter to Huang Yanpei (September 5, 1952) 283

Letter to Comrade Li Da (September 17, 1952) 285

Inscription on the Arts (September 26, 1952) 286

Reply to Ambassador of the Republic of India (September 26, 1952) 287

Inscription for Inauguration of the Tianshui-Lanzhou Railway

(September 28, 1952) 287

Toast on Third Anniversary of Founding of the PRC (September 30, 1952) 288

Letter to Mao Yuju (October 2, 1952) 289

Telegram to the Peace Conference of the Asian and Pacific Region

(October 2, 1952) 290

Letter to Qi Baishi (October 5, 1952) 290

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (October 5, 1952) 291

Talk with Tibetan Delegates (Excerpts) (October 8, 1952) 292

Letter to Song Qingling (October 10, 1952) 294

Letter to Tan Zhenlin (October 15, 1952) 295

Letter to Li Shuqing (October 16, 1952) 296

Letter to Luo Yuankun (October 22, 1952) 297

Congratulations on the Victory of the Chinese People's Volunteers

(October 24, 1952) 298

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (October 28, 1952) 299

Conversation During an Inspection Tour of the Flood Prevention Works on the

Yellow River [Excerpts] (October 29-31, 1952) 300

Telegram to the USSR (November 3, 1952) 302

Inscription on Inauguration of the Kangding-Changdu Section of the

Xikang-Tibet Highway (November 19, 1952) 303

Reply to Ambassador of the Kingdom of Sweden (December 3, 1952) 304

Inscription Concerning Public Health Work (December 8, 1952) 304

Letter to the Anshan Iron and Steel Works (December 14, 1952) 305

Reply to Ambassador of the Soviet Union (December 15, 1952) 306

Letter to Yi Nanping (December 21, 1952) 307

Reply to the Ambassador of the People's Republic of Romania

(December 29, 1952) 308

Telegram to the USSR on the Transfer of the Chinese Changchun Railway

(December 31, 1952) 309

Instruction on the Arts (De<;ember 1952) 310

Directive on Education (1952) 310

Comment on a Report of the National Labor Insurance Conference (1952) 310

Telegram to the Union of Burma (January 2, 1953) 313

Contents xv

Intra-Party Directive on Rectification (January 5, 1953) 313

Speech to the Central People's Government Council (January 13, 1953) 316

Closing Speech at the Fourth Session of the First National Committee of

the CPPCC (Excerpts) (February 7, 1953) 317

Telegram to the USSR (February 10, 1953) 319

Instructions on the Daye Steel Plant (February 19, 1953) 320

Conversations with Naval Personnel on the Yangtze River [Excerpts]

(February 19-24, 1953) 320

Inscription Written for the Navy (February 21, 1953) 324

Telegram to the USSR (February 21, 1953) 325

Inscription Awarded to Soviet Troops in Lushun (February 22, 1953) 325

Telegram to Inquire after Stalin's Illness (March 4, 1953) 326

Telegram to the USSR on Stalin's Death (March 6, 1953) 326

Central People's Government's Decree on Stalin's Death (March 6, 1953) 328

Letter to Huang Yanpei and Chen Shutong (March 8, 1953) 328

The Greatest Friendship (March 9, 1953) 329

Telegram to Czechoslovakia on Gottwald's Death (March 15, 1953) 332

Criticize Han Chauvinism (March 16, 1953) 333

Resolve the Problem of the "Five Excesses" (March 19, 1953) 335

Telegram to Palmiro Togliatti (March 25, 1953) 338

Instruction on Leadership Work of Health Departments of Military

Commissions (April 3, 1953) 339

Reply to Ambassador of the Soviet Union (April 3, 1953) 340

Letter to Li Zhuchen (April 21, 1953) 341

Letter to Li Zhuchen (April 26, 1953) 342

Letter to Huang Yanpei and Chen Shutong (May 15, 1953) 342

Instructions on Education (May 17, 1953) 343

Criticism of Documents Issued in the Name of the Center by Liu Shaoqi and

Yang Shangkun (May 19, 1953) 344

Letter to Wang Jiaxiang (May 27, 1953) 346

Criticize the Right-Deviationist Viewpoints That Depart from the General Line

(June 15, 1953) 347

Speech on the Youth League (June 30, 1953) 351

Reply to Ambassador of the People's Republic of Mongolia (July 2, 1953) 358

Letter toFu Dingyi (July 7, 1953) 359

On State Capitalism (July 9, 1953) 360

Letter to Huang Yanpei (July 30, 1953) 362

Telegram to the USSR (July 31, 1953) 362

Oppose the Bourgeois Ideology in the Party (August 12, 1953) 363

xvi Contents

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (August 12, 1953) 375

Letter to Ye Gongzuo (August 16, 1953) 376

Telegram to the People's Republic of Albania (August 20, 1953) 376

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (August 25, 1953) 377

Address at the Establishment of the Institute of Military Engineering and

the Inauguration of Its First Term (August 26, 1953) 378

Letter to Li Shuqing (August 27, 1953) 379

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (August 30, 1953) 380

On the General Line of the Party During the Period of Transition

(August 1953) 380

Telegram to the USSR (September 2, 1953) 381

The Path That Inevitably Must Be Followed in the Transformation of Capitalist

Industry and Commerce (September 7, 1953) 383

Speech on the Victory in Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea Movement

(September 12, 1953) 386

Telegram to the Chinese People's Volunteers (September 12, 1953) 392

Telegram to the USSR (September 15, 1953) 394

Criticize the Reactionary Thought of Liang Shuming (September 16-18, 1953) 396

Telegram to the People's Republic of Mongolia on the Death of Bumatsende

(September 24, 1953) 408

Letter to Shen Junru (September 27, 1953) 409

Letter to Mao Yueqiu (October 4, 1953) 409

Letter to Ma Xulun (October 5, 1953) 411

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (October 5, 1953) 411

Speech on Mutual Aid and Cooperativization in Agriculture (October 15, 1953) 412

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (October 16, 1953) 419

Speech at Reception for Tibetan Delegation (October 18, 1953) 419

Letter to Yang Shangkun (October 22, 1953) 421

Telegram to the People's Republic of Albania (October 22, 1953) 422

Letter to Wen Jiuming (October 25, 1953) 423

Reply to Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia (October 28, 1953) 424

Criticism of the Ministry of Public Health (October 1953) 425

Speech on Mutual Aid and Cooperativization in Agriculture

(November 4, 1953) 425

Telegram to the USSR (November 5, 1953) 432

Reply to Ambassador of the German Democratic Republic

(November 12, 1953) 433

Reply to Minister of the Republic of Finland (December 2, 1953) 434

Letter to Dai Yuben (December 9, 1953) 435

Reply to Minister of the Kingdom of Denmark (December 12, 1953) 435

Contents xvii

Reply to Ambassador of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

(December 12, 1953) 436

Letter to Liao Jingwen (December 13, 1953) 437

Reply to Ambassador of the Soviet Union (December 15, 1953) 438

Telegram to Anshan Workers and Staff (December 25, 1953) 439

Remark toKe Qingshi (December 26, 1953 [?]) 440

Inscription in Guest Book of the Moganshan Clinic (Winter 1953) 441

Comment on the Department of Health Care (1953) 441

Directive on Physical Culture (1953) 442

Inscription for No. 1 Automobile Manufacturing Plant of Changchun (1953) 442

Directive on the Work of the Ministry of Geology (1953) 443

Telegram to the USSR (January 4, 1954) 445

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (January 29, 1954) 446

Telegram to the USSR (February 11, 1954) 446

Telegram to the USSR (February 21, 1954) 447

Letter to Tian Jiaying (March 2, 1954) 448

Letter to Huang Yanpei (March 12, 1954) 449

Telegram to Kim Du Bong (March 14, 1954) 450

Letter to Peng Shilin (March 31, 1954) 450

Letter to Party Branch and xiang Government of Shicheng xiang

(April 29, 1954) 451

Inscription on the Completion of Guanting Reservoir (May 13, 1954) 452

Telegram to the South African Indian Congress (May 28, 1954) 453

Speech on the Draft Constitution of the People's Republic of China

(June 14, 1954) 454

Beidaihe: A Poem (Summer 1954) 461

Telegram to the People's Republic of Poland (July 20, 1954) 462

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (July 23, 1954) 463

Directive on Work in Traditional Chinese Medicine (July 30, 1954) 464

Letter to the Staff of the No. 320 Factory (August 1, 1954) 466

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (August 12, 1954) 467

Telegram to the People's Republic of Romania (August 21, 1954) 468

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (August 31, 1954) 469

Reply to Ambassador of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (September 2, 1954) 470

Telegram to the USSR (September 2, 1954) 471

Telegram to the People's Republic of Bulgaria (September 7, 1954) 472

Reply to Ambassador of the People's Republic of Albania (September 13, 1954) 473

Reply to Minister of the Confederation of Switzerland (September 13, 1954) 474

Opening Speech at the First Session of the First NPC (September 15, 1954) 475

xviii Contents

Reply to Ambassador of the People's Republic of Hungary

(September 22, 1954) 476

Toast at China's National Day Celebrations (September 29, 1954) 477

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (October 5, 1954) 478

Letter to the Delegation of the USSR (October 12, 1954) 479

Letter to the USSR (October 12, 1954) 480

Letter on the Problems of Hongloumeng yanjiu (October 16, 1954) 481

Telegram to the USSR (October 16, 1954) 485

Implement the Correct Policy in Dealing with Doctors of Traditional Chinese

Medicine (October 20, 1954) 486

Toast at Reception for Prime Minister Nehru (October 21, 1954) 491

Telegram to the People's Republic of Hungary (October 22, 1954) 492

Inscription Expressing Gratitude to the Soviet Union (October 25, 1954) 492

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (October 25, 1954) 493

On Criticizing Hongloumeng yanjiu (October 1954) 494

Directive on the Film Qing gong mishi (October 1954) 496

Telegram to the USSR (November 6, 1954) 496

Letter to Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, et al. (November 18, 1954) 498

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (November 22, 1954) 499

Letter to Huang Yanpei (November 23, 1954) 500

Telegram to the People's Republic of Mongolia (November 25, 1954) 501

Telegram to the People's Republic of Albania (November 28, 1954) 502

Telegram to Petru Groza (December I, 1954) 502

Telegram to Rajendra Prasad (December 1, 1954) 503

Toast at Dinner for Prime Minister U Nu (December 4, 1954) 503

Telegram to the Republic of Finland (December 5, 1954) 504

Telegram to Antonio Zapotocky (December 16, 1954) 504

Inscription for Workers on the Kangding-Tibet and Qinghai-Tibet Highways

(December 25, 1954) 505

Letter to Li Da (December 28, 1954) 506

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (December 31, 1954) 507

On Writing Essays to Criticize Hu Shi (December 1954) 507

Speech at a Standing Committee Meeting of the Central Committee of the CPC

(Excerpts) (Winter 1954) 508

Comment on the National Budget (1954) 509

Instructions on the Work of Doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine (1954) 510

Inscription on the Triumph of the People of Wuhan over the Flood (1954) 511

Inscription for Historical Pavilion in Caixi xiang, Fujian Province (1954) 511

Telegram to the Union of Burma (January 2, 1955) 513

Telegram to the Republic of India (January 24, 1955) 514

Contents xix

Reply to Ambassador of the Republic of Finland (January 28, 1955) 514

The Atom Bomb Cannot Scare the Chinese People (January 28, 1955) 516

Criticism of Hu Feng (January 1955) 518

Telegram to the USSR (February 12, 1955) 519

Speech at Banquet Celebrating Fifth Anniversary of Sino-Soviet Treaty

(February 14, 1955) 521

Telegram to the USSR (February 21, 1955) 522

Toast at Banquet Celebrating Tibetan New Year (February 24, 1955) 523

Letter to Lin Tie (March 5, 1955) 524

Letter to Zhou Dungu (March 6, 1955) 525

Letter to Wei Lihuang (March 17, 1955) 525

Inscription for the First Congress of Heroes and Model Soldiers of the Air Force

(March 21, 1955) 526

Opening Speech at the National Conference of the CPC (March 21, 1955) 527

Concluding Remarks at the National Conference of the CPC (March 31, 1955) 531

Speech at Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Central Committee of

the CPC (Spring 1955) 545

Telegram to the People's Republic of Hungary (April 2, 1955) 546

Order to Terminate State of War Between the PRC and Germany

(April 7, 1955) 547

Reply to Ambassador of Pakistan (April 27, 1955) 549

Inscription for Czechoslovakian Exhibition (April 28, 1955) 550

Letter to Jiang Zhuru (May 1, 1955) 551

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (May 6, 1955) 552

Telegram to the Republic of Czechoslovakia (May 7, 1955) 553

Letter to the Party Committee of Xiangxiang xian (May 17, 1955) 554

Telegram to Ho Chi Minh (May 19, 1955) 555

Letter to Huang Yanpei (May 26, 1955) 556

Telegram to Afghanistan (May 26, 1955) 557

Toast at Banquet for Indonesian Prime Minister Ali Sastroamidjojo

(May 29, 1955) 558

Conversation with Security Guards on Taking Literacy Courses (May 1955) 558

Preface and Editor's Notes to Material On the Hu Feng Counterrevolutionary

Clique (May-June, 1955) 559

Letter to Tan Shiying (June 8, 1955) 583

Conversation with Soldiers (Excerpt) (June 17, 1955) 584

On Swimming [Excerpts] (June 20, 1955) 584

Telegram to Jamsarangyin Sambuu (June 27, 1955) 585

Toast to Ho Chi Minh (June 28, 1955) 586

Reply to Ambassador of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia

(June 30, 1955) 586

Telegram to the People's Republic of Mongolia (July 9, 1955) 587

xx Contents

Telegram to the People's Republic of Poland (July 19, 1955) 588

On the Cooperativization of Agriculture (July 31, 1955) 589

Conversation with Security Guards (Mid-July 1955) 612

Telegram to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (August 12, 1955) 613

Telegram to the Republic of Indonesia (August 15, 1955) 614

Telegram to the People's Republic of Romania (August 21, 1955) 615

Telegram to the Democratic Republic of VietNam (September 1, 1955) 616

Telegram to Antonio Zapotocky (September 1, 1955) 617

Intra-Party Directive on Agricultural Cooperativization (September 7, 1955) 618

Telegram to the People's Republic of Bulgaria (September 7, 1955) 620

Inscription for Tokuda Kyuichi (September 12, 1955) 621

First Preface to Upsurge of Socialism in China's Countryside

(September 25, 1955) 622

Letter to Tian Jiaying (September 27, 1955) 626

Letter to Zhou Shizhao (October 4, 1955) 627

Telegram to the German Democratic Republic (October 6, 1955) 628

The Debate Over Agricultural Cooperativization and the Present Class Struggle

(October 11, 1955) 629

A Speech at the Enlarged Sixth Plenum of the Seventh Central Committee

[October 11, 1955] 655

Conversation with Members of the Japanese Diet (October 15, 1955) 669

Telegram to the USSR (October 24, 1955) 670

Letter to Zhang Naiqi (November 1, 1955) 671

Telegram to the USSR (November 6, 1955) 672

Letter to Huang Yanpei (November 17, 1955) 673

Remark Made to Li Kaiwen (November 20, 1955) 674

Letter to Panchen Gnoertehni (November 24, 1955) 675

Letter to Zhou Shizhao (November 24, 1955) 675

Telegram to the People's Republic of Albania (November 26, 1955) 676

Telegram to the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (November 26, 1955) 677

Reply to Ambassador of the Democratic Republic of Germany

(December 3, 1955) 678

Telegram to the Republic of Finland (December 5, 1955) 679

Talk on Opposing Right-Deviation and Conservatism (December 6, 1955) 679

Letter to Zhai Zuojun (December 12, 1955) 684

Circular Requesting Opinions on the Seventeen Articles on Agricultural Work

(December 21 , 1955) 685

Second Preface to Upsurge of Socialism in China 's Countryside

(December 27, 1955) 689

Editor's Notes to Upsurge of Socialism in China's Countryside

(December 27, 1955) 692

Bibliography

About the Authors

Zedong Mao

M. Y. M. Kau

Laifong Leung

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL000000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General
SOC047000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Children's Studies