Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Jon B. Gould PART I. PRELUDE: APPROACHES TO INNOCENCE REFORM 1. An Introduction to Innocence Reform, Julia Carrano & Marvin Zalman 2. The Public Policy Process and Innocence Reform, Marvin Zalman & Nancy Marion 3. The Role of the Media & Public Opinion on Innocence Reform: Past and Future, Rob Warden 4. An Etiology of Wrongful Convictions: Error, Safety, and Forward-Looking Accountability in Criminal Justice, James M. Doyle 5. Innocent Defendants: Divergent Case Outcomes and What They Teach Us, Jon B. Gould, Julia Carrano, Richard A. Leo, & Katie Hail-Jares PART II. INSTITUTIONS OF INNOCENCE REFORM 6. The Innocence Movement, the Innocence Network, and Policy Reform, Keith Findley & Larry Golden 7. Exoneree Initiatives and Innocence Reform: Witness to Innocence, Ronald Keine PART III. CHANGING THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: Police Investigation and Wrongful Convictions 8. Policies, Procedures and the Police: An Assessment of Wrongful Conviction Risk in Nebraska, Rebecca K. Murray, Laurel Gegner & Justin Pelton 9. The Detective and Wrongful Conviction, Marvin Zalman Forensic Science’s Reform Agenda 10. The Innocence Crisis and Forensic Science Reform, Simon A. Cole Prosecution Reactions to Innocence 11. Conviction Integrity Units: Toward Prosecutorial Self-Regulation?, Evelyn L. Malavé & Yotom Barkai Defense Counsel 12. Public Defense in an Age of Innocence: The Innocence Paradigm and the Challenges of Representing the Accused, Alissa Pollitz Worden, Andrew Lucas Blaize Davies & Elizabeth K. Brown New Models of Adjudication and Appeal 13. Investigative Procedure and Post-Conviction Review: Resetting Incentives to Separate the Innocent from the Guilty, Samuel R. Gross New Models for Establishing Innocence Post-Conviction 14. The North Carolina Innocence Inquiry Commission: Catching Cases that Fall Through the Cracks, Christine C. Mumma Death Penalty Directions 15. Deadly Errors and Salutary Reforms: The Kill That Cures?, James R. Acker & Rose Bellandi Exoneree Compensation 16. Exoneree Compensation: Current Policies and Future Outlook, Robert J. Norris Part IV. Summation Epilogue: The Prospects for Innocence Reform, Marvin Zalman & Julia Carrano
Marvin Zalman is professor of criminal justice at Wayne State University. He has written on criminal procedure (e.g., articles on Miranda rights, the Fourth Amendment, and venue); criminal justice policy; wrongful conviction; criminal justice and civil liberties; and judicial sentencing. Recent publications include "Wrongful Conviction" (Oxford Bibliographies Online, Fall 2012); "Qualitatively Estimating the Incidence of Wrongful Convictions" (Criminal Law Bulletin, 2012); "An Integrated Justice Model of Wrongful Convictions" (Albany Law Review, 2011); "Measuring Wrongful Convictions" (Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Springer, 2014); and "Edwin Borchard and the Limits of Innocence Reform" (in Huff & Killias, eds., Wrongful Convictions & Miscarriages of Justice, Routledge, 2013).
Julia Carrano currently oversees a Department of Justice grant at the University of Mississippi. Formerly a research professor at American University, she supervised a large-scale empirical study of wrongful convictions (Predicting Erroneous Convictions, National Institute of Justice, 2013). Recently, she also co-authored "Predicting Erroneous Convictions" (Iowa Law Review, 2013) and served as the area editor for wrongful convictions in the Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Springer, 2014). She holds a JD from the George Washington University Law School and an MA in anthropology from UC Santa Barbara.