1st Edition

Xenophobia and Nativism in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean

    318 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book historicises and analyses the increasing incidence of xenophobia and nativism in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean.

    It examines how xenophobia and nativism impact the political cohesion and social fabric of states and societies in the regions and offers solutions to aid policy formation and implementation. Rather than utilising an overarching framework, individual theory is applied to chapters to analyse the diverse connections between xenophobia and nativism in the regions. The book explores the economic, nationalistic, political, social, cultural, and psychological triggers for xenophobia and nativism and their impact on an increasingly interconnected and interrelated world. In addition to the individual and comparative examination of these triggers, the book outlines how they can be decreased or altered and argues that Pan-Africanism and the unity of purpose among diverse groups in the western hemisphere is still an ideal to which Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean can aspire.

    This book will be of interest to academics in the field of African history, African Studies, Caribbean and Latin American studies, cultural anthropology and comparative sociology.

    Introduction: Understanding Xenophobia and Nativism in the Global South

    Sabella Ogbobode Abidde, Michael R. Hall, and José de Arimatéia da Cruz


    1: Xenophobia and Nativism in South Africa: exceptional phenomena or standard Africa-wide practices?

    Ayabulela Dlakavu

    2: Colonial Roots for Contemporary Xenophobic Attitudes: Dominican Hatred Towards the Haitians

    Antonio J. Pinto and Nairobi Rodríguez

    3. Citizenship, Belonging and the "Stupid Federation:" The Colonial Roots of Contemporary Xenophobia and Nativism in Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe 

    Sitinga Kachipande

    4. Aliens and Strangers in West Africa States: Interrogating the 1969/1983 Ghana-Nigeria Post-Colonial Immigrants Crises

    Yemisi Olawale


    5. Global Perspective on Xenophobia: The African Experience, 2015-2019

    Vincent Chenzi

    6: When Xenophobes Turn Their Faces on Foreigners: Whom to Blame? The Government or The Natives

    Anslem W. Adunimay and Tinuade A. Ojo

    7. Factors Influencing Xenophobic Attacks Recurrences and Their Implications on South Africa’s Foreign Policy

    Eric B. Niyitunga


    8. Haitian Migration, The Bahamas, and the Wider Caribbean

    Anne Ulentin

    9. Migration and Xenophobia in Southern Africa: Assessing the Benefits of Social Inclusion in South Africa and Zimbabwe 

    Darlington Mutanda and Enock Ndawana

    10. Xenophobia and Nativism against Haitian Immigrants in Brazil and Chile

    Angela Ju

    11. Othering Our Neighbors: Examples of Nativism and Xenophobia in Calypso

    Alison Mc Letchie

    12. Caribbean Xenophobia and Nativism

    Raymond Ramcharitar

    13. Conclusion: Xenophobia and Nativism in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean

    Sabella Ogbobode Abidde, Michael R. Hall, and José de Arimatéia da Cruz


    Sabella Ogbobode Abidde is a Professor of Political Science and a member of the graduate faculty at Alabama State University, USA.

    Michael Hall is a Professor of History at Georgia Southern University, USA.

    José de Arimatéia da Cruz is a Professor of International Relations and International Studies at Georgia Southern University, USA.