This book focuses on the nature of ethno-national conflicts and impacts of ideological orientation of the Communist Party of China (CPC) towards the national question in the context of Han nationalism and political, economic and security policies towards Xinjiang. Violence in Xinjiang since the mid-1990s is projected as one of the major national security challenges for China, along with issues pertaining to Tibet and Taiwan. The author argues that the post-Mao reformist model may have been a beneficial economic and political innovation, but failed in dealing with regional conflicts and unrests arising out of the demands for independence, freedom, greater autonomy and assertion of democratic and civic rights.
The book discusses Chinese nationalism and the construction of Uyghur national identity, consequences of economic modernisation in the region, ethnic conflicts and coercive measures, the security and social stability situation in Xinjiang, intensification of violence in Xinjiang under the new leadership, vision of the ‘Chinese dream’, key policies and programmes, post-riot fallouts and social contradictions manifest in discourses surrounding development, separatist violence, religious fundamentalism and international terrorism.
With its in-depth, accessible and comprehensive analyses, this book will be a valuable addition to scholars and researchers of Chinese studies, politics and international relations, security and strategic studies, sociology, social anthropology and ethnic studies.
Table of Contents
List of tables and map. Preface. Acknowledgements. Abbreviations. Introduction 1. Historical Background 2. Theoretical Aspects 3. National Question and Nationality Work 4. Uyghur Nationalist Resurgence and The Han-Dominated Nation State 5. State Ethnic Policies 6. Regional Economy 7. Ethnic Resurgence and State Response 8. International Dimension. Conclusion: Conflicts and Dream. Glossary. References. Index
Debasish Chaudhuri is an independent researcher and Adjunct Fellow at the Institute of Chinese Studies (ICS), New Delhi, India. He has been previously affiliated with Vivekananda International Foundation; Center for Asian and Pacific Studies, University of Oregon, USA; Centre for Studies of Developing Societies; Department of East Asian Studies, University of Delhi; and Centre for Chinese and South East Asian Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. He holds a PhD in Chinese Studies from the University of Delhi and has published several research papers, chapters in edited volumes, conference proceedings, articles in magazines and websites, translations and book reviews. His more recent published works include PRC’s Performance in Maintaining Long-term Stability and Sustainable Development in Xinjiang (2013), China’s Policy in Xinjiang, 1948–78 (2016) and Evolution of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Role of India (2016).