Yoshio Nishina: Father of Modern Physics in Japan, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Yoshio Nishina

Father of Modern Physics in Japan, 1st Edition

By Dong-Won Kim

CRC Press

216 pages | 65 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780750307550
pub: 2007-05-30
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Description

Yoshio Nishina not only made a great contribution to the emergence of a research network that produced two Nobel prize winners, but he also raised the overall level of physics in Japan. Focusing on his roles as researcher, teacher, and statesman of science, Yoshio Nishina: Father of Modern Physics in Japan analyzes Nishina's position in and his contributions to the Japanese physics community.

After a concise biographical introduction, the book examines Nishina's family, his early studies, the creation of RIKEN, and the greater Japanese physics community in the early twentieth century. It then focuses on Nishina's work at the Cavendish Laboratory and at the University of Göttingen as well as his more fruitful research at Niels Bohr's Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen. The book also describes the establishment of the Nishina Laboratory at RIKEN, the collaboration between its experimentalists and theoreticians, and the cosmic ray research of its scientists. The last two chapters discuss Nishina's controversial construction and operation of two cyclotrons at RIKEN as well as his presidency at RIKEN after World War II.

Navigating Nishina's entire life through various perspectives, this easy-to-read biography will help you become well acquainted with this fascinating physicist.

Table of Contents

YOUTH

The Nishina Family

Yoshio Nishina the Student

Institute of Physical and Chemical Research

Japan's Physics Community in the Early Twentieth Century

NISHINA IN EUROPE

Heading for Europe

Cambridge and Göttingen

Research in Experimental Subjects at Copenhagen

The New Quantum Mechanics and the Klein-Nishina Formula

A Truly Accomplished Researcher

PREACHER OF THE NEW QUANTUM MECHANICS

The Introduction of the New Quantum Mechanics to Japan during the 1920s

Nishina the Preacher of the New Quantum Mechanics

BELOVED SENSEI (TEACHER): THEORETICAL RESEARCH AND THE EMERGENCE OF A RESEARCH NETWORK

A New Kind of Boss at RIKEN

The Theory Group

The Emergence of a Research Network

COSMIC RAY RESEARCH: "THIS IS INTERESTING. LET US TRY IT."

Cosmic Ray Research in the Early Twentieth Century

The Effect of the 10th Subcommittee of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science on Cosmic Ray Research in Japan

The Cosmic Ray Research Group

Cosmic Ray Research and the Meson Theory: Cooperation between Experimentalists and Theoreticians

FATHER OF BIG SCIENCE: THE CONSTRUCTION OF TWO CYCLOTRONS

The Small (26-inch) Cyclotron

The Large (60- inch) Cyclotron

The Legacy of Two Cyclotrons

STATESMAN OF SCIENCE

APPENDIX: SELECTED CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN YOSHIO NISHINA AND ERNEST O. LAWRENCE

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics