Yoshio Nishina not only made a great contribution to the emergence of a research network that produced two Nobel prize winners, but he also raised the overall level of physics in Japan. Focusing on his roles as researcher, teacher, and statesman of science, Yoshio Nishina: Father of Modern Physics in Japan analyzes Nishina's position in and his contributions to the Japanese physics community.
After a concise biographical introduction, the book examines Nishina's family, his early studies, the creation of RIKEN, and the greater Japanese physics community in the early twentieth century. It then focuses on Nishina's work at the Cavendish Laboratory and at the University of Göttingen as well as his more fruitful research at Niels Bohr's Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen. The book also describes the establishment of the Nishina Laboratory at RIKEN, the collaboration between its experimentalists and theoreticians, and the cosmic ray research of its scientists. The last two chapters discuss Nishina's controversial construction and operation of two cyclotrons at RIKEN as well as his presidency at RIKEN after World War II.
Navigating Nishina's entire life through various perspectives, this easy-to-read biography will help you become well acquainted with this fascinating physicist.
Table of Contents
The Nishina Family
Yoshio Nishina the Student
Institute of Physical and Chemical Research
Japan's Physics Community in the Early Twentieth Century
NISHINA IN EUROPE
Heading for Europe
Cambridge and Göttingen
Research in Experimental Subjects at Copenhagen
The New Quantum Mechanics and the Klein-Nishina Formula
A Truly Accomplished Researcher
PREACHER OF THE NEW QUANTUM MECHANICS
The Introduction of the New Quantum Mechanics to Japan during the 1920s
Nishina the Preacher of the New Quantum Mechanics
BELOVED SENSEI (TEACHER): THEORETICAL RESEARCH AND THE EMERGENCE OF A RESEARCH NETWORK
A New Kind of Boss at RIKEN
The Theory Group
The Emergence of a Research Network
COSMIC RAY RESEARCH: "THIS IS INTERESTING. LET US TRY IT."
Cosmic Ray Research in the Early Twentieth Century
The Effect of the 10th Subcommittee of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science on Cosmic Ray Research in Japan
The Cosmic Ray Research Group
Cosmic Ray Research and the Meson Theory: Cooperation between Experimentalists and Theoreticians
FATHER OF BIG SCIENCE: THE CONSTRUCTION OF TWO CYCLOTRONS
The Small (26-inch) Cyclotron
The Large (60- inch) Cyclotron
The Legacy of Two Cyclotrons
STATESMAN OF SCIENCE
APPENDIX: SELECTED CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN YOSHIO NISHINA AND ERNEST O. LAWRENCE