636 Pages 2709 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This second edition of this well-known text book now offers downloadable resources to accompany the dance studies throughout the chapters. The authors take a new approach to teaching, learning and creating with notation through movement exploration, exercises and short dances, thus enlarging the scope of the book to teachers of movement, movement analysis and choreography as well as the traditional dance notation students.

    Updated and enlarged to reflect the most recent scholarship and through a series of exercises, this book guides students through:

    • movement, stillness, timing, shaping, accents
    • travelling
    • direction,
    • flexion and extension,
    • rotations, revolutions and turns
    • supporting, change of support
    • springing
    • balance
    • relationships.

    All of these movements are explored sequentially and are represented symbolically in notation so the student learns how to physically articulate, notate and describe the movements as they are performed.

    Dedication Acknowledgements Reading and Practice Studies Introduction The Movement Alphabet CHAPTER 1 - MOVEMENT; STILLNESS; TIMING; SHAPE; ACCENTS Introduction Movement Indication of an Action The Basic Staff Simultaneous Actions Timing Sustained Movement Indication of Sustained Actions Continuity of Movement Sudden Movements Indication of Sudden Actions Spatial Continuum Organization of Time Length of Pause, Gap Stillness General Timing, Measured Timing Indication of Regular Time Spans (Measures) Indication of Meter Time Division of a Spatial Design Interpreting a Reading Study . Reading Study No. 1: MOVEMENT PATTERNS IN TIME Arrival at A Shape Reading Study No. 2 - ACTION ARRIVING AT A SHAPE Introduction of Dynamics Accents Reading Study No. 3: DYNAMICS: ACCENTS REVIEW CHAPTER 2 - TRAVELING INTRODUCTION FORM OF THE PATH Floor Plans Straight Path Duration of Path Reading Study No. 4: STRAIGHT PATHS Reading Study No. 5: DURATION OF PATHS; FLOOR PLANS . Zig Zag Paths CIRCLING, CIRCULAR PATH Nature of Circling Direction of Circling Reading Study No. 6: STRAIGHT AND CIRCLULAR PATHS CURVING PATH RANDOM, FREE FORM, MEANDERING PATH Reading Study No. 7: TRAVELING: ALL PATHWAY FORMS REVIEW CHAPTER 3 - VARIATIONS IN TRAVELING INTRODUCTION THE MAIN DIRECTIONS FOR TRAVELING Directions for Straight Paths Reading Study No. 8: TRAVELING IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS FOR CIRCULAR PATHS Group Circling Merlin's Magic Circle The Invisible Circles Around You Reading Study No. 9: CIRCLING - RETRACING PATHS TRAVELING WITH TURNING INCLUDED Turning Indicated on Floor Plans Reading Study No. 10: TRAVELING WITH TURNING INCLUDED AMOUNT OF TURNING AND CIRCLING Degree of Turning Degree of Circling Reading Practice A: DEGREE OF TURNING, CIRCLING TRAVELING WITH CONTINUOUS REVOLVING Reading Study No. 11: REVOLVING WHILE TRAVELING SPIRAL PATHS Motivation for Spiraling Indication of Spiraling Amount of Circling for Spiral Paths Spiral Paths - Motion or Destination? Reading Study No. 12: SPIRAL PATHS SEE FLOOR PLAN PHRASING OF MOVEMENT SEQUENCES REVIEW CHAPTER 4 - ABSENCE OF SUPPORT: SPRINGING (ELEVATION) AND THE FIVE BASIC FORMS INTRODUCTION AERIAL STEPS Use of Aerial Steps in Dance Spatial Expressiveness Use of Energy in Springing Indication of Springing SPRINGING COMBINED WITH TRAVELING Size of Spring Series of Independent and Rebounding Springs Reading Study No. 13: AERIAL STEPS - SIZE OF SPRING Reading Study No. 14: AERIAL STEPS WITH TRAVELING AERIAL STEPS: THE FIVE BASIC FORMS TERMINOLOGY: EVERYDAY NAMES Indication of the Five Basic Forms Jump Form One foot to one foot (Open statement) Hop Form Leap Form (One Foot to the other) Skip, Gallop . Assemble Form (One Foot to Two) Sissonne Form (Two Feet to One) Reading Practice B: FIVE FORMS OF SPRINGING BALLETIC VARIATIONS OF THE FIVE BASIC FORMS Analysis of Familiar Forms in Ballet Hop Form Leap Form Assemble Form Jump Form Sissonne Form SPRINGING COMBINED WITH DIRECTIONS Reading Study No. 15: FIVE FORMS OF SPRINGING WITH DIRECTIONS DYNAMICS The Concept of 'Par' DYNAMICS: RELATION TO GRAVITY - FIGHTING OR YIELDING . Fighting Gravity Yielding to Gravity Duration Reading Practice C: DYNAMICS: GRAVITY REVIEW CHAPTER 5: DIRECTION - DEFINITION OF SPACE DIRECTION OUR RELATION TO SPACE DIRECTIONS - Variety in Everyday Life DIMENSIONAL DIRECTIONS Any direction The Dimensional Cross of axes Reading Practice D: DIMENSIONAL STUDIES THE DIMENSIONAL PLANES Movement in the Planes THE 27 MAIN DIRECTIONS The Diagonal Directions Perceiving Points in Space Direction and Level for Gestures Combining Directional Actions With Traveling Reading Study No. 16: DIRECTIONAL GESTURES Reading Study No. 17: DIRECTIONS WITH TRAVELING AND SPRINGING Interpretation of Place INTERPRETATION, EXPRESSION OF DIRECTIONAL ACTIONS EXPRESSION OF DOUBLE DIRECTIONS Sagittal Gestures Lateral Gestures Open Lateral Gestures Oppositional Lateral Gestures Crossed Lateral Double Gestures Vertical Gestures Opposing Vertical Gestures Pathway Of Directional Movements Destination, Motion Destination Motion REVIEW CHAPTER 6: DIRECTION - BROADER EXPLORATION OF SPACE INTRODUCTION THE KINESPHERE MOVEMENT IN THE GENERAL DIRECTIONAL AREAS Exploration of Middle Level Area - Horizontal Plane Introduction of Area sign Exploration of High Level, (Upward) Area Exploration of Low Level (Downward) Area Exploration of the Forward Area Exploration of the Backward Area Exploration of the Sideward Areas MOVEMENT IN THE AREAS AROUND SPECIFIC DIRECTIONS Reading Study No. 18: AREAS OF DIRECTION FOR GESTURES Open Level, Open Direction Freedom in Choice of Direction for Stated Level Freedom in Choice of Level for Stated Directions FREEDOM IN PERFORMANCE OF OPEN DIRECTIONS Sagittal Gestures - Forward Sagittal Gestures - Backward Lateral Gestures - Sideward PROGRESSION IN DEFINING DIRECTIONS Increasing Specificity for Areas Increasing Specificity for Directions REVIEW CHAPTER 7: FLEXION; EXTENSION INTRODUCTION FLEXION EXTENSION Extension: Terminology DURATION OF FLEXION, EXTENSION Reading Practice E: FLEXION AND EXTENSION WITH DURATION ANY DEGREE OF FLEXION, EXTENSION FLEXION, EXTENSION COMBINED WITH OTHER ACTIONS Reading Study No. 19: FLEXION; EXTENSION WITH TRAVELING SPRINGING COMBINED WITH FLEXION; EXTENSION Reading Study No. 20: SPRINGS WITH FLEXION AND EXTENSION MANNER OF PERFORMANCE Intension: Directional or Flexion; Extension Motion or Destination DYNAMICS: Force Duration of the Dynamic Quality Reading Practice F: DYNAMICS: FORCE DYNAMICS: EMPHASIZED and UNEMPHASIZED Reading Study No. 21: EMPHASIZED, UNEMPHASIZED DIRECTIONAL ACTIONS REVIEW CHAPTER 8: ROTATIONS, REVOLUTIONS, TURNS INTRODUCTION ANY ROTATION, REVOLUTION Reading Study No. 22: ANY ROTATION SPECIFIC FORMS OF ROTATION: PIVOT TURNS Choice of Right or Left Turn Amount of Pivot SOMERSAULTS Indication of Somersaulting Amount of Somersault CARTWHEELS Change of Front during a Cartwheel Indication of Cartwheeling Amount of Cartwheeling Cartwheeling vs. Logrolling HORIZONTAL WHEELING Indication of Horizontal Wheeling Amount of Wheeling Transition from Pivoting to Wheeling Alternate Indication for Horizontal Wheeling Reading Study No. 23: TURNS, REVOLUTIONS AND ROTATIONS COMBINING TURNING AND SPRINGING REVIEW CHAPTER 9: SUPPORTING; CHANGE OF SUPPORT INTRODUCTION Number of Supporting Parts Single Support Double Support Triple Support Quadruple Support INDICATION OF SUPPORTING TRANSITION BETWEEN ADJACENT PARTS OF THE BODY - 'ROLLING' Reading Study No. 24: LYING ON DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE TORSO TRANSITION BETWEEN DISTANT PARTS OF THE BODY - 'STEPPING', 'WALKING' SIGNS FOR THE MAIN PARTS OF THE BODY Signs for Both Body Parts Sign for 'Either side'; 'Either or Both'; 'Any' Specific Number of Limbs, Body Parts Part Supported; Part Taking Weight Reading Practice G: SUPPORTING ON DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE BODY - 'STEPPING' CHANGE OF SUPPORT ON THE FEET - WALKING, STEPPING . Performance of a Single Step Indication of Walking, Stepping Direction and Level for Stepping with the Feet Traveling, Turning by Means of Transference of Weight Reading Study No. 25: CHANGE OF SUPPORT REVIEW CHAPTER 10: BALANCE, LOSS OF BALANCE INTRODUCTION A SENSE OF BALANCE In Balance; Weight Centered Images to Aid Equilibrium Indication of Center of Gravity, Balance Reading Study No. 26: BALANCE SHIFT OF WEIGHT Automatic Shift of Weight Indication of Specific Shift of Weight Reading Practice H: SHIFTING SLIGHT LOSS OF BALANCE; TOMBAe Slight Falling: Centre of Gravity in Motion - Tombe Indication of: Centre of Gravity in Motion - Tombe Off-Balance Turns FRONT SIGNS Reading Study No. 27: CENTER OF GRAVITY IN MOTION- TOMBAe . . FALLING: FULL LOSS OF BALANCE Indication of Falling Duration for Loss of balance Falling with Traveling CANCELLATION OF LOSS OF BALANCE Falling onto New Support Falling and Traveling (Stated Cancellation of Loss of Balance) Momentary Falling Reading Study No. 28: FALLING CENTRAL 'FALLS' Falling Straight Down Reading Practice I: CENTRAL 'FALLS' REVIEW CHAPTER 11: RELATIONSHIPS INTRODUCTION FORMS OF RELATING AWARENESS, SENSED RELATING Indication of Awareness ADDRESSING, ACTIVE RELATING Indication of Addressing Person or Object Being Addressed Mutual Addressing Reading Study No. 29: AWARENESS, ADDRESSING MOTION TOWARD, MOTION AWAY Indication of Motion Toward and Away APPROACHING, PATH TOWARD; RETREATING, PATH AWAY Indication of Approaching, Path Toward Indication of Retreating, Path Away ARRIVAL, DESTINATION OF PATH Indication of Destination AREAS OF THE ROOM (STAGE) Reading Study No. 30: TOWARD, AWAY, APPROACHING, RETREATING; DESTINATION NEARNESS Indication of Nearness ENCLOSING NEARNESS Indication of Enclosing Nearness TOUCH, CONTACT Indication of Touch, Contact GRASPING Indication of Grasping Fingers Grasping INTERLACING SUPPORTING, CARRYING Indication of Carrying Support GRASPING SUPPORT Indication of Grasping Support (Carrying with Grasp) Indication of Interlacing, Penetrating, Grasping Support Supporting, Grasping Support with a Partner Mutual Support: Leaning Toward Mutual Support: Leaning Away Partner Taking Partial Weight Partners Relating with Different Relationships Reading Study No. 31: ADDRESSING, NEARNESS, TOUCHING, GRASPING, SUPPORTING, GRASPING SUPPORT PROGRESSION OF RELATING Reading Practice J: THE STORY OF A BONBON REVIEW Part II - INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 12 - Relationships: Further Development . . INDICATION OF ACTIVE PART IN RELATING TIMING, DURATION OF ACHIEVING A RELATIONSHIP Specific Moment of Relating Duration of Achieving a Relationship DURATION OF A RELATIONSHIP Retaining a Relationship Cancellation of Relating Reading Practice K: Active Part, Duration, Retention, Cancellation A PASSING (SLIDING) RELATIONSHIP Reading Practice L: PROGRESSION IN RELATING Reading Study No. 32: PARTNERS RELATING (Ending Together) RELATIONSHIPS: ORGANIZATION OF WRITING Identifying the components Organization of Information in Score Writing Reading Study No. 33: RELATING TO OBJECTS REVIEW CHAPTER 13 - Body Initiations: Central, Peripheral; Part Leading, Guidance Introduction CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL Physically Central and Peripheral Notation of Physically Central, Peripheral Specifying a Central or Peripheral Action PART LEADING Indication of Part Leading Reading Practice M: CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL BODY PARTS LEADING Use of Specific Body Parts Indication of Specific Part Leading Surfaces and Edges of Hands and Feet Surfaces of the Parts of the Torso Timing for Part Leading Reading Study No. 34: PART LEADING GUIDANCES Reading Study No. 35: PARTS LEADING, GUIDANCES Variations in Walking Leading; Passive, Resultant Reading Study No. 36: RESULTANT, PASSIVE MOVEMENTS REVIEW CHAPTER 14 - One-Sided Gestures; Gestural Pathways; Gathering, Scattering ONE-SIDED GESTURES - ESTABLISHMENT OF STANCE FRONT Indication of Right or Left Side Continuing the Center Line Reading Study No. 37 - ONE-SIDE ACTIONS PATHS FOR GESTURES Straight Paths Circular and Curving Paths Indication of Paths for Limbs Indication of Specific Limb SPATIALLY CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL Notation of Central, Peripheral Specifying a Central or Peripheral Action Reading Study No. 38 - SPATIALLLY CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL PATHS FOR GESTURES Reading Study No. 39 - GESTURAL PATHS WITH DIRECTIONS AND TRAVELING DESIGN DRAWING Surfaces Reading Practice N - DESIGN DRAWING GATHERING AND SCATTERING Gathering Scattering Indication of Gathering and Scattering Analysis of Gathering and Scattering Gathering and Scattering Combined with Other Actions Reading Study No. 40 - GATHERING, SCATTERING REVIEW CHAPTER 15 - Directions: The diagonals Introduction PERFORMANCE OF DIAGONAL GESTURES Open Diagonals Crossed Diagonal Performance of Diagonal Steps Walking 'Forward' in a Circle Traveling on a Circular Path CONSTANT DIRECTIONS Key for Constant Directions The Front Signs Diagonal Traveling The 'Diagonal' Areas (Corners) of the Room/Stage Everyday Terminology Reading Study 41: DIAGONAL TRAVELING Reading Study 42: CONSTANT DIRECTIONS AND STAGE AREAS REVIEW CHAPTER 16 - Turning of Body Parts: Unit Rotation, Twist Introduction TERMINOLOGY FOR TURNING, ROTATION TWISTING ACTIONS: FUNCTION AND EXPRESSION ANALYSIS OF UNIT ROTATION, TWIST The Whole Torso The Head The Chest The Pelvis The Leg, Foot The Arms The Hands Arm Rotations During Circular Gestures INDICATION OF TWIST, UNIT ROTATION Open Statements; Understood Performance Statement of Part Turning Indication of parts of a limb Rotations of the Head Turning the Hands Turning the Lower Arm (Wrists) Leg Rotations Reading Study No. 43 - UNIT ROTATIONS AND TWISTS TURNING COMBINED WITH FLEXION, EXTENSION Reading Study No. 44 - ROTATION, TWIST OF SPECIFIC PARTS ANALYSIS CHART: UNIT ROTATION, TWIST OF PARTS OF THE BODY REVIEW CHAPTER 17 - FLEXION AND EXTENSION: SPECIFIC FORMS Introduction THE THREE FORMS OF FLEXION THE THREE FORMS OF EXTENSION CONTRACTION AND ELONGATION Conceptual Analysis of Contraction and Elongation Specific Signs for Contraction Specific Signs for Elongation Duration of Contraction, Elongation PHYSICAL ANALYSIS OF CONTRACTION, ELONGATION Contraction, Elongation of the Legs Contraction, Elongation of the Arms Contraction, Elongation of the Hands Contraction, Elongation of the Torso Expressiveness of Contracting And Elongating Reading Study No.45: CONTRACTION, ELONGATION FOLDING AND UNFOLDING Analysis of Folding Folding the Leg Folding the Ankle Folding the Arm Folding the Wrist Folding the Torso Folding the Hand Unfolding SIGNS FOR FOLDING, UNFOLDING Duration OF Folding, Unfolding Expressiveness of Folding, Unfolding Specific Directions for Folding Reading Study No. 46: FOLDING, UNFOLDING Reading Practice O: FOLDING IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS FLEXION, EXTENSION: MIXED FORMS Analysis of Direction for a Bent Limb Mixed Forms: Arms, Torso Developpe, Enveloppe JOINING, SEPARATING Lateral Direction Signs for Lateral Joining, Separating Terminology Reading Practice P: JOINING, SEPARATING ANY DEGREE FOR THE SPECIFIC FORMS OF FLEXION, EXTENSION Reading Study No. 47: JOINING, SEPARTING REVIEW CHAPTER 18 - Relationship: Situations in Meeting; Looking SITUATIONS IN MEETING Indication of Situations in Meeting Paths Crossing Relating to an Object Relating to a Focal Point Reading Practice Q: PATHS CROSSING, MEETING, RELATE TO PEOPLE ADDRESSING WITH THE FACE AND EYES Looking with the Face Indication of Looking Gazing; Independent Action for the Eyes Indication of Eye Movement for Gazing PALM FACING Indication of Palm Facing Reading Examples for Palm Facing Reading Practice R: LOOKING, GAZING, PALM FACING Reading Practice S: SITUATIONS IN MEETING; LOOKING DYNAMICS: EMOTIONAL INTENSITY Indication of Emotional Intensity Reading Practice T: EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION, FEELING REVIEW CHAPTER 19 - Specific Directional Actions Introduction TILTING, INCLINING Analysis of Tilting, Inclining Indication of Tilting, Inclining General Statement of Part Tilting, Taking a Direction Reading Study No. 48: TILTING, INCLINING DIRECTIONS FOR TILTING, INCLINING Indication of Specific Part Reading Study No. 49: SPECIFIC TILTING, INCLINING SHIFTING BODY AREAS Analysis of Shifting Indication of Shifting Reading Study No. 50: SHIFTING BODY AREAS MINOR DISPLACEMENTS Minor Displacements of Parts of the Torso and Head Minor Displacement of Limb Extremities Reading Examples Reading Study No. 51: MINOR DISPLACEMENTS REVIEW CHAPTER 20 - Destination, Motion Introduction DESTINATION Time in Relation to Destination Space in Relation to Destination Dynamics in Relation to Destination Flow in Relation to Destination INDICATION OF DESTINATION Destination for Traveling and Gestural Pathway Reading Study No. 52: DESTINATION MOTION Time in Relation to Motion Space in Relation to Motion Dynamics in Relation to Motion Flow in Relation to Motion INDICATION OF MOTION Motion Toward or Away Motion for Flexion, Extension Reading Study No. 53: MOTION Reading Study No. 54: DESTINATION, MOTION COMBINED Reading Study No. 55: DESTINATION, MOTION VARIATIONS MANNER OF PERFORMANCE MOTION: DIRECTION OF THE PROGRESSION Reading Examples Reading Practice U - DIRECTION OF PROGRESSION REVIEW CHAPTER 21 - Direction: Systems of Reference INTRODUCTION DIRECTION - THE STANDARD KEY Upright Situation Torso off the Vertical DIRECTION - THE STANDARD STANCE KEY Definition of Stance DIRECTION - THE BODY KEY DIRECTION - THE CONSTANT KEY Use of Constant Cross of Directions Key Determining Choice of Key LACEMENT OF KEYS As pre-sign Next to the direction symbol In vertical bracket Next to the Starting Position At the left of the staff Pre-Score Key Signature Statement Reading Practice V: BODY, STANDARD AND STANCE KEYS Reading Study No. 55: SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE REVIEW CHAPTER 22 - Timing; Phrasing; Dynamics - Recapitulation TIMING A Basic Beat and Its Subdivisions Timing Between Actions PHRASING OF MOVEMENT SEQUENCES Major and Minor Movements Kinetic Logic Simple Movement Phrasing With Minor Movements DYNAMICS: RECAPITULATION Accents Energy Level - The Concept of 'Par' Indication of Force Emphasized, Unemphasized Relationship to Gravity Element of Flow: Bound or Free Physical Exertion; Emotional Intensity Timing of Dynamic Indications Duration of Dynamic Indications Cancellation Dynamics Chart REVIEW


    Ann Hutchinson Guest is the world's leading authority on teaching dance notation. She is the author of the classic Labanotation, now in its 4th edition from Routledge, which has life sales of over 60,000 copies. She is also the Director of the Language of Dance Centre, London.

    Tina Curran is director of the Language of Dance Center, New York.