This book offers the first comprehensive analysis of youth, in all its diversity, in Muslim Central Asia and the Caucasus. It brings together a range of academic perspectives, including media studies, Islamic studies, the sociology of youth, and social anthropology.
While most discussions of youth in the former Soviet South frame the younger generation as victims of crisis, as targets of state policy, or as holy warriors, this book maps out the complexity and variance of everyday lives under post-Soviet conditions. Youth is not a clear-cut, predictable life stage. Yet, across the region, young people’s lives show forms of experimentation and regulation. Male and female youth explore new opportunities not only in the buzzing space of the city, but also in the more closely monitored neighbourhood of their family homes. At the same time, they are constrained by communal expectations, ethnic affiliation, urban or rural background and by gender and sexuality. While young people are more dependent and monitored than many others, they are also more eager to explore and challenge. In many ways, they stand at the cutting edge of globalization and post-Soviet change, and thus they offer innovative perspectives on these processes.
This book was published as a special issue of Central Asian Survey.
1. Introduction. Bridging the gap: the concept of ‘youth’ and the study of Central Asia and the Caucasus Stefan B. Kirmse 2. In the marketplace for styles and identities: globalization and youth culture in southern Kyrgyzstan Stefan B. Kirmse 3. From youth bulge to conflict: the case of Tajikistan Sophie Roche 4. Embracing globalization: university experiences among youth in contemporary Kyrgyzstan Alan J. DeYoung 5. Forging ahead: Azerbaijan’s new generation and social change Eric Lepisto 6. ‘Urbanizing’ Bishkek: interrelations of boundaries, migration, group size and opportunity structure Philipp Schröder 7. Education, youth and Islam: the growing popularity of private religious lessons in Dushanbe, Tajikistan Manja Stephan 8. What’s in a name? The personal and political meanings of ‘LGBT’ for non-heterosexual and transgender youth in Kyrgyzstan Cai Wilkinson with Anna Kirey 9. School, work and community-level differences in Afghanistan and Tajikistan: divergence in secondary school enrolment of youth Christopher M. Whitsel and Weeda Mehran 10. Disjuncture 2.0: youth, Internet use and cultural identity in Bishkek Hans Ibold 11. Post-Communist youth: is there a Central Asian pattern? Ken Roberts
THIRDWORLDS will focus on the political economy, development and cultures of those parts of the world that have experienced the most political, social, and economic upheaval, and which have faced the greatest challenges of the postcolonial world under globalisation: poverty, displacement and diaspora, environmental degradation, human and civil rights abuses, war, hunger, and disease.
THIRDWORLDS serves as a signifier of oppositional emerging economies and cultures ranging from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East, and even those ‘Souths’ within a larger perceived North, such as the U.S. South and Mediterranean Europe. The study of these otherwise disparate and discontinuous areas, known collectively as the Global South, demonstrates that as globalisation pervades the planet, the south, as a synonym for subalterity, also transcends geographical and ideological frontiers.