Zengi and the Muslim Response to the Crusades: The politics of Jihad, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Zengi and the Muslim Response to the Crusades

The politics of Jihad, 1st Edition

By Taef El-Azhari


192 pages | 11 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-04-05
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Zengi gained his legacy as the precursor to Saladin. While Zengi captured Edessa, Saladin would capture Jerusalem, and both leaders fought to establish their own realms. However, Zengi cannot be fully understood without an examination of his other policies and warfare and an appreciation of his Turkmen background, all of which influenced his fight against the Crusades.

Zengi and the Muslim Response to the Crusades: The politics of Jihad, provides a full and rich picture of Zengi’s career: his personality and motives; his power and ambition; his background and his foundation of a dynasty and its contribution, along with other dynasties, to a wider, deeper Turkification of the Middle East; his tools and methods; his vision, calamities and achievements; and how he was perceived by his contemporaries and modern scholars. Examining primary Muslim and non-Muslim sources, this book’s extensive translations of original source material provides new insight into the complexities of Zengi’s rule, and the politics of jihad that he led and orchestrated during the Crusades.

Providing deeper understanding of Islamic history through a close examination of one of its key figures, this book will be a valuable resource for students and scholars interested in Muslim history and the Crusades in general.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1. The early career of Zengi, 1084–1127: the Turkmen influence 2. Zengi and his hostile policy towards the Seljuq sultanate and the ‘Abbasid caliphate in Iran and Iraq: the art of pragmatism, 1127–46 3. Fragmented pacts: wars in the Jazira and Anatolia to dominate the Turkmen, the Kurds and the Arab tribes 4. Confronting the Crusaders and the Seljuqs in Syria: holy and unholy war, 1127–40 5. The fall of Edessa: jihad at the end of a career 6. Zengid administration and institutions: ‘Turkification’ continued

About the Author

Taef El-Azhari is Professor of Islamic and Middle Eastern History at Qatar University.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the History of Iran and Turkey

This series publishes important studies dealing with the history of Iran and Turkey in the period 1000-1700 AD. This period is significant because it heralds the advent of large numbers of nomadic Turks from Central Asia into the Islamic world. Their influence was felt particularly strongly in Iran and Turkey, territories which they permanently transformed.
The series presents translations of medieval Arabic and Persian texts which chronicle the history of the medieval Turks and Persians, and also publishes scholarly monographs which handle themes of medieval Turkish and Iranian history such as historiography, nomadisation and folk Islam.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Middle East / General
HISTORY / Medieval
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies