advanced very high resolution radiometer AVHRR: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

advanced very high resolution radiometer AVHRR

1st Edition

By Arthur P. Cracknell

CRC Press

968 pages

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Hardback: 9780748402090
pub: 1997-04-23
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Since the launch of the first of the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometers (AVHRRs) in 1978, the data from these instruments has used for a wide range of non-meteorological applications. In this book, the author describes satellite system, AVHRRs, control of the spacecraft, and data- recovery arrangements. The book covers processing of the data to extract useful environmental information. The applications of the data to marine problems, based primarily on the study of sea-surface temperatures from the thermal-infrared channels of the instrument, are considered, as well as the study of vegetation and a whole variety of other land-based and hydrological applications.

Table of Contents

The spacecraft and instruments

Meterological satellites

The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)

The ARGOS data collection and platform location system

The TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) system

The future of the AVHRR


The data

Data structure and format

Calibration of the AVHRR data


NOAA's archival and data distribution

Direct readout stations


Pre- processing

Georeferencing/geolocation/geometrical rectification

Cloud detection techniques

Atmospheric corrections


Earth surface temperatures

Satellite oceanography

Sea surface temperatures

Ocean circulation

Land surface temperatures




Vegetation indices


Calculating the NDVI

Classification and phenology

Evapotransipation, fire risk and semi-arid areas

Directional effects

Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and microwave polarization difference temperature (MPDT)

The study of sub-IFOV size objects


Channel 3, the neglected channel


Small intense sources of heat


Snow and ice

Water body boundary mapping; bathymetry

Water quality mapping


Atmospheric aerosols

Precipitation and water resources

Geological studies

Sunglint and near-surface windspeeds


About the Author

Arthur Cracknell graduated in physics from Cambridge University in 1961 and then did his DPhil at Oxford University on "Some band structure calculations for metals". He worked as a lecturer in physics at Singapore University (now the National University of Singapore) from 1964-1967 and at Essex University from 1967-1970, before moving to Dundee University in 1970, where he became a professor in 1978. He retired from Dundee University in 2002 and now holds the title of emeritus professor there. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK), a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (Scotland) and a Fellow of the Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society (UK). He is currently working on various short-term contracts in several universities and research institutes in China and Malaysia.

After several years of research work on the study of group-theoretical techniques in solid state physics, in the late 1970s Dr. Cracknell turned his research interests, to remote sensing and has been the editor of the International Journal of Remote Sensing since the 1980s. His particular research interests include the extraction of the values of various geophysical parameters from satellite data and the correction of remotely-sensed images for atmospheric effects. He and his colleagues and research students have published more than 250 research papers and he is the author or co-author of several books, both on theoretical solid state physics and on remote sensing. He also pioneered the MSc course in remote sensing at Dundee University, which has now been running since the 1980s. His latest books include The Advanced very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) (Taylor and Francis, 1997), Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite: A new operational cloud imager written with Keith Hutchison (CRC Taylor and Francis, 2006) and a second edition of Introduction to Remote Sensing written with Ladson Hayes (CRC Taylor and Francis, 2007).

Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems