advanced very high resolution radiometer AVHRR  book cover
1st Edition

advanced very high resolution radiometer AVHRR

ISBN 9780748402090
Published April 23, 1997 by CRC Press
556 Pages

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Book Description

Since the launch of the first of the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometers (AVHRRs) in 1978, the data from these instruments has used for a wide range of non-meteorological applications. In this book, the author describes satellite system, AVHRRs, control of the spacecraft, and data- recovery arrangements. The book covers processing of the data to extract useful environmental information. The applications of the data to marine problems, based primarily on the study of sea-surface temperatures from the thermal-infrared channels of the instrument, are considered, as well as the study of vegetation and a whole variety of other land-based and hydrological applications.

Table of Contents

The spacecraft and instruments
Meterological satellites
The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)
The ARGOS data collection and platform location system
The TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) system
The future of the AVHRR
The data
Data structure and format
Calibration of the AVHRR data
NOAA's archival and data distribution
Direct readout stations
Pre- processing
Georeferencing/geolocation/geometrical rectification
Cloud detection techniques
Atmospheric corrections
Earth surface temperatures
Satellite oceanography
Sea surface temperatures
Ocean circulation
Land surface temperatures
Vegetation indices
Calculating the NDVI
Classification and phenology
Evapotransipation, fire risk and semi-arid areas
Directional effects
Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and microwave polarization difference temperature (MPDT)
The study of sub-IFOV size objects
Channel 3, the neglected channel
Small intense sources of heat

Snow and ice
Water body boundary mapping; bathymetry
Water quality mapping
Atmospheric aerosols
Precipitation and water resources
Geological studies
Sunglint and near-surface windspeeds

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Arthur Cracknell graduated in physics from Cambridge University in 1961 and then did his DPhil at Oxford University on "Some band structure calculations for metals". He worked as a lecturer in physics at Singapore University (now the National University of Singapore) from 1964-1967 and at Essex University from 1967-1970, before moving to Dundee University in 1970, where he became a professor in 1978. He retired from Dundee University in 2002 and now holds the title of emeritus professor there. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK), a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (Scotland) and a Fellow of the Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society (UK). He is currently working on various short-term contracts in several universities and research institutes in China and Malaysia.

After several years of research work on the study of group-theoretical techniques in solid state physics, in the late 1970s Dr. Cracknell turned his research interests, to remote sensing and has been the editor of the International Journal of Remote Sensing since the 1980s. His particular research interests include the extraction of the values of various geophysical parameters from satellite data and the correction of remotely-sensed images for atmospheric effects. He and his colleagues and research students have published more than 250 research papers and he is the author or co-author of several books, both on theoretical solid state physics and on remote sensing. He also pioneered the MSc course in remote sensing at Dundee University, which has now been running since the 1980s. His latest books include The Advanced very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) (Taylor and Francis, 1997), Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite: A new operational cloud imager written with Keith Hutchison (CRC Taylor and Francis, 2006) and a second edition of Introduction to Remote Sensing written with Ladson Hayes (CRC Taylor and Francis, 200