I studied medicine and philosophy at Leiden University, the Netherlands (MD 1976; PhD 1983);  worked as researcher (Pathology Laboratory, University of Leiden), as practicing physician in the Municipal Health Services (Rotterdam) before being appointed as Professor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limburg, and subsequently as Professor of Medical Ethics and Director of the Department of Ethics, Philosophy and History of Medicine in the University Medical Centre Nijmegen, the Netherlands. In 2003 I joined UNESCO (Paris, France) as Director of the Division of Ethics of Science and Technology. Since 2010 I am Director of the Center for Healthcare Ethics at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, USA (see: www.duq.edu/chce).
Education
Medicine; University of Leiden, The Netherlands (MD 1976))
PhD Medicine, University of Leiden, 1978
PhD Philosophy, University of Leiden, 1983
Areas of Research / Professional Expertise
palliative care; euthanasia; drug addiction; genetics; choices in health care;resource allocation; health policy; ethics education; global bioethics; biopolitics.
Personal Interests
French culture and literature