I was born and raised in New York City. I attended Union College where he received a BA in Economics (1966) and an MS in Industrial Administration (1971). I attended the University of Colorado where he received an MA (1973) and Ph.D. (1974) in Economics. I was a professor at Boise State University since 1975, and served as department chair from 1990-1994 and from 2002-2005. I retired in 2006 and am now Professor Emeritus of Economics. I specialize in heterodox economics, international economics, and economic development. I was a Visiting Scholar at Cornell University, a Fulbright Scholar in the People's Republic of China, a World Bank program consultant in China, and a Ford Foundation Visiting Professor at the National Economics University in Vietnam. I published Theories of International Economics (Routledge, 2016); An Introduction to Post-Keynesian and Marxian Theories of Value and Price (M. E. Sharpe, 1983); and China at the Brink: the Political Economy of Reform and Retrenchment in the Post-Mao (Praeger, 1991) as well as numerous articles on Chinese economic development and other economic topics. I am an avid skier and bicyclist and I divide my time between Florida and Idaho.
Areas of Research / Professional Expertise