Birte Julia Gippert Author of Evaluating Organization Development

Birte Julia Gippert

Lecturer International Relations
University of Liverpool

Birte's research focuses on international post-conflict peacebuilding. She is interested in local agency in peacebuilding operations, particularly local legitimacy and resistance, EU security and defence policy and international police reform. Her current research analyses local-international interaction in peacebuilding, and local reasons for resistance. Birte has published on EU police reform in Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina, local legitimacy in peacebuilding, and legitimacy in conflict.


Birte holds a PhD from the University of Reading. She previously worked at the University of Reading, in the War Studies Department at King's College London, and as a researcher for the Kosovo Stability Initiative, Pristina.

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    International peacebuilding, global governance, EU security and defence, international police reform.


Featured Title
 Featured Title - Local Legitimacy in Peacebuilding - Gippert - 1st Edition book cover


Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding

Legitimacy and Coercion in Peacebuilding: A Balancing Act

Published: Aug 07, 2017 by Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding
Authors: Birte Julia Gippert

This article first analyses the overall interaction between coercion and legitimacy, and then explores the question that emerges from the interaction analysis; what level of coercion is permitted or required in order for a mission’s local legitimacy to be sustained?

Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding

Legitimacy in Conflict: Concepts, Practices, Challenges

Published: Aug 07, 2017 by Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding
Authors: Birte Julia Gippert and Sarah von Billerbeck

In this special issue introduction, we provide a critical overview of current theories of legitimacy and legitimation and demonstrate why they have only limited applicability in conflict and post-conflict contexts, focusing on three main areas: audiences for legitimacy, sources of legitimacy, and legitimation.

Cooperation and Conflict

The sum of its parts? Sources of local legitimacy

Published: Jun 29, 2016 by Cooperation and Conflict
Authors: Birte Julia Gippert

The article analyses the sources of local actors’ legitimacy perceptions towards international peacebuilding operations.

International Peacekeeping

Exploring local compliance with peacebuilding reforms: legitimacy, coercion and

Published: Nov 09, 2015 by International Peacekeeping
Authors: Birte Julia Gippert

This article explores why local police officers choose to comply or to resist the police reforms stipulated by an international peacebuilding mission operating in their country. In order to understand the role and impact of local agency and shine light on local actors’ compliance decisions, this article analyses two examples of police reform of the EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo.